female repro 2

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Author:
Neda317
ID:
269166
Filename:
female repro 2
Updated:
2014-04-18 02:23:11
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  1. Adenomyosis
  2. Endometrial Polyps

    • •Associated factors
    • –Hyperestrogensim
    • or tamoxifen
    • therapy
    • Endometrial hyperplasia
    • (Endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia)

    • –Mutations
    • in PTEN gene
  3. Complex endometrial hyperplasia
    • •Localized polypoid
    • tumor

    • •Diffuse tumor involving entire
    • endometrial surface.
  4. Adenocarcinomas
  5. Leiomyomas (fibroid)
  6. Leiomyomas (fibroid)
  7. Leiomyomas (fibroid)
  8. Leiomyomas (fibroid)

    • •Individual
    • muscle cells

    • –uniform
    • in size and shape

    • –Characteristic
    • oval nucleus

    • –Long,
    • slender bipolar cytoplasmic processes
  9. Leiomyosarcomas

    very rare
  10. Leiomyosarcomas

    • •Distinction of leiomyosarcomas from leiomyomas
    • –Based on combination of degree of nuclear atypia, mitotic index, and zonal necrosis
  11. Paratubal Cysts

    • •Paratubal cysts
    • (para-ovarian cysts)

    •Hydatids of Morgagni
    • Polycystic ovaries
    • –(PCOD, Stein-Leventhal syndrome)
  12. PCOD
  13. PCOD

    •Thickened superficial cortex

    • •Beneath- Many follicle cysts with
    • hyperplasia of theca interna (follicular hyperthecosis)
  14. Serous tumor of ovary
    • Papillary serous tumor (Borderline/
    • Malignant)
    • •Serous cystadenoma: 
    • Lining epithelium –

    • –Columnar
    • epithelium with abundant cilia in benign tumors
    • •Tumors
    • of borderline malignancy:

    • –Increased complexity of stromal
    • papillae

    • –Stratification of epithelium;
    • nuclear atypia

    • –Infiltrative growth into stroma
    • is not seen
  15. •Serous papillary Cystadenocarcinomas: Complex branching; Invasion

    Psammoma bodies: In any papillary lesion
  16. Serous papillary Cystadenocarcinomas:
  17. Mucinous Tumors

    • –Multiloculated tumors
    • –Filled with sticky, gelatinous fluid
    • –Rich in glycoproteins
  18. –Tall columnar epithelial cells

    –Apical mucin

    –Absence of cilia

    •Borderline

    •Malignant
  19. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei
  20. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

    • Histology
    • of peritoneal implants from an appendiceal
    • tumor, showing mucin-producing epithelium and free mucin (arrows)
  21. Endometrioid Tumors
  22. Endometrioid Tumors

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