Community diseases stack 4

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  1. Pertussis transmission
    Transmitted though coughing and sneezing, those who are in close contact can inhale the pertussis bacteria
  2. Pertussis signs and symptoms
    • violent coughing with periods of apnea, runny nose, low grade fever, vomiting, fatigue from severe coughing attack
    • Whooping cough
  3. Pertussis onset of sympomts
    • 7-10 days post exposure but can occur after 6 initials 
    • 100 day cough and can last that long
  4. Pertussis diagnosis
    • lab tests involving secretions taking from the back of the throat
    • blood tests 
    • typical signs and symptoms
  5. Pertussis treatment
    antibiotics/antimicrobials: azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin, trimethoprin-sulfamethoxasole
  6. Pertussis vaccine
  7. Pertussis reportable disease in Illinois
  8. Pertussis education
    • Vaccination or acquiring pertussis doesn't prevent reoccurrence
    • life-threatening in infants
    • education that it can last 100 days 
    • highly contagious
  9. Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmission
    • bite of an infected tick
    • there are three types
  10. Rocky Mountain Spotted fever signs and symptoms
    • fever, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting and muscle pain, 
    • Rash may develop
    • can be severe or fatal if untreated
  11. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever onset of symptoms
    2-14 days after bite with a sudden onset of headache and fever
  12. Rocky mountain spotted fever diagnose
    • clinical signs and symptoms
    • laboratory tests which can be delayed but treatments start right away.
  13. Rocky Mountain spotted fever treatment
    Doxycycline is the first which needs to be started within the first 5 days
  14. Rocky Mountain spotted fever vaccine
  15. Rocky Mountain spotted fever reportable disease
    Yes, within 7 days
  16. Rocky Mountain spotted fever education
    • avoid contact with ticks
    • use DEET or permethrin repellant 
    • check for ticks
    • tumble dry clothes in dryer to kill any there
  17. Severe Acute respiratory syndrome transmission
    • close person-to-person contact
    • respiratory droplets
    • fomite 
    • airborne
  18. Severe acute respiratory syndrome signs and symptoms
    high fever, headache, overall feeling of discomfort, body aches, diarrhea, dry cough, pneumonia
  19. severe acute respiratory syndrome diagnose
    detection of the antibodies to SARS-CoV followed by a validation test
  20. severe acute respiratory syndrome treatment
    no treatment person is put on isolation/droplet precautions
  21. severe acute respiratory syndrome vaccine
  22. severe actue respiratory syndrome reportable disease in Illinois
  23. severe acute respiratory syndrome education
    • cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing
    • perform hand hygiene
    • do not be in close contact with a person with SARS as it is very contagious
  24. Smallpox transmission
    • face to face contact
    • infected body fluids or contaminated objects
  25. smallpox signs and symptoms
    • fever, malaise, head and body aches, and vomiting, rash starting on the tongue or mouth then spreads over the body
    • Postules are formed
  26. smallpox onset of symptoms
    • 7-17 day incubation
    • 2-4 day prodromal period 
    • when scabs are resolved the person is no longer contagious
  27. smallpox diagnosis
    culture blisters, throat, and blood samples for variola
  28. smallpox treatment
    Cidofocir may fight, but mostly supportive therapy such as fluids and antibiotics
  29. smallpox vaccine
    yes, live virus
  30. smallpox reportable disease in Illinois
    Yes, immediately
  31. smallpox education
    • understand the signs and symptoms and how to identify 
    • don't get vaccination while pregnant 
    • avoid contact with people who are affected
  32. syphilis transmission
    • STD (direct contact with a syphilis sore during anal, vaginal, or oral sex
    • transmitted from mother to unborn baby
  33. syphilis signs and symptoms
    • Primary: firm, round, painless sore 
    • secondary stage: skin rashes or mucus membrane lesions; rough, red, or reddish brown spots; fever; swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue 
    • Latent phase: difficulty coordinating muscle movements, paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, and dementia
  34. syphilis diagnosis
    blood tests: nontreponeumal tests and treponemal tests
  35. syphilis treatment
    single IM injection of long acting Benzathine penicillin G and three doses for late phases
  36. syphilis vaccine
  37. Syphilis reportable disease in Illinois
  38. Syphilis education
    • Protection: not having sex, monogamous relationship, latex condoms and dental ms every time you have sex
    • get regularly tested 
    • can be given to unborn baby
  39. Toxic Shock syndrome transmission
    Not spread from person to person, but by infected wound or surgical contamination
  40. Toxic Shock syndrome signs and symptoms
    dizziness, confusion, fever, influenza-like syndrome, "sun burn" type rash
  41. Toxic shock treatment diagnosis
    Blood culture may be positive for S. Aureus, but no single test can diagnose
  42. Toxic shock syndrome treatment
    Any foreign materials are removed, antibiotics fluids, draining, and medicines may be given
  43. Toxic Shock syndrome vaccine
  44. Toxic Shock syndrome reportable in Illinois?
  45. Toxic Shock syndrome education
    Change tampons and vaginal contraception products should be removed products according to directions
Card Set:
Community diseases stack 4
2014-04-04 18:33:31
Pertussis Rocky mountain spotted fever severe acute resiratory syndrome smallpox syphillis Toxic shock

Community diseases stack 4
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