Community Disease-stack 5

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Community Disease-stack 5
2014-04-04 14:46:57
varicella west nile virus yellow fever Legionellosis

Community Disease-stack 5 (last stack)
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  1. Varicella transmission
    • Droplet
    • Airborne
  2. Varicella symptoms
    • rash that turns into itchy fluid-filled blisters and then scabs after a week
    • fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, headache
  3. Varicella onset of symptoms
    symptoms last for 5-10 days
  4. Varicella diagnoses
    Made upon presenting rash
  5. Varicella treatment
    • Rash: calamine and colloidal oatmeal bath
    • Fever: acetaminophen 
    • Antiviral: acyclovir
  6. Varicella vaccine
  7. Varicella reportable in Illinois?
  8. Varicella education
    • The vaccine should be received (both doses)
    • Treat symptoms until they diminish and reduce contact with healthy persons
  9. West Nile virus transmission
    • Mosquitos to humans
    • blood transfusions, organ transplants, mother to fetus, and laboratory exposure
  10. West Nile virus signs and symptoms
    • Most of asymptomatic 
    • fever, headache, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and persistent fatigue and weakness 
    • meningitis and encephalitis (rare)
  11. West Nile Virus onset of symptoms
    Incubation lasts 2-6 days but ranges 2-14 days
  12. West Nile virus diagnosis
    Clinical signs and symptoms, specialized lab tests of blood and CSF used to detect antibodies
  13. West Nile virus treatment
    • No specific medication
    • Mild symptoms: analgesics and antipyretics
    • Severe: supportive care in a hospital--IV fluids, analgesics, and nursing care
  14. West Nile Virus vaccine
  15. West Nile virus reportable in illinois
  16. West Nile virus education
    • Use DEET
    • Wear long sleeve shirts and pants from dusk to dawn outside
    • Screen doors and windows
    • Reduce number of mosquitoes around the home
  17. Yellow fever transmission
    humans through the bite of infected mosquito
  18. Yellow fever signs and symptoms
    • sudden onset of fever, chills, severe headache, back pain, general body aches, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and weakness
    • Severe form: high fever, jaundice, bleeding, shock, and multiple organ failure
  19. Yellow Fever onset of symptoms
    3-6 days after exposure
  20. Yellow Fever diagnosis
    Blood tests that look for antibodies
  21. Yellow fever treatment
    • Symptomatic: rest, fluids, pain relievers, and fever reduces
    • Avoid meds that increase bleeding
  22. Yellow fever vaccine
    Yes, live virus
  23. Yellow fever reportable disease in Illinois
  24. Yellow fever education
    • Mosquito protection methods
    • Weakness and fatigue may last for several months
    • Vaccine is for those 9 months or older traveling/living in high risk ares (South America and Africa)
  25. Legionellosis Transmission
  26. Legionellosis signs and symptoms
    cough, shortness of breath, high fever, muscle aches, and headaches
  27. Legionellosis onset of symptoms
    2-14 days
  28. Legionellosis diagnosis
    urine antigen test, cultures of phlegm, and blood specimens
  29. Legionellosis treatment
  30. Legionellosis vaccine
  31. Legionellosis reportable in Illinois
  32. Legionellosis educations
    • Prevention: maintain hot tubs, drinking water systems, decorative fountains, and cooling towers
    • if you have a weak immune system don't go in or around hot tubs