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The beginning of the 21st century marked a profound increase in the global burden of diabetes which is now described as a ___________.
Diabetes mellitus is currently the most frequently diagnosed of ____________________ and the fastest growing ________________ in the world.
- non-communicable diseases
- chronic disease
Almost half of all people with diabetes between 20-79 years, live in just 3 countries what are they?
how many people in the world are living with diabetes? How many are undiagnosed?
- 382 million people living with diabetes
- 46% undiagnosed
what are 5 of the 10 countries/ territories for prevalence of diabetes (20-79 years) in 2013?
- Saudi Arabia
- Cook Islands
what is the Diabetes prevalence regarding age and sex?
- prevalence increases exponentially by age
- age specific prevalence rates are similar for men and women becoming only slightly higher in elderly women due to their greater longevity
- prevalence slightly higher in males
what is the age-wise distribution of diabetes in developed countries?
adults over the age of 65 is the highest number of people with diabetes
what is the age-wise distribution of diabetes in developing countries?
adults from 45-64 is the highest number of people with diabetes
Half of the people who die from diabetes are under the age of?
what are the top 3 countries with the highest mortality rate for diabetes?
Increasing __________ and ____________ is correlated with decreasing early mortality due to diabetes.
During 2012, how many deaths were attributable to diabetes?
4.8 million deaths
Half of the people with diabetes don't know they have it. Which country has the highest percentage of undiagnosed cases?
- Africa 62%
- could be access to health care is limited
what is cited as reasons for the high percentage of undiagnosed diabetes in poor and developing countries?
lack of public awareness and diagnostic opportunities
___% of people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries.
The risk factors for type 1 diabetes include? (3)
- genetic propensity and family history
- environmental and/or dietary factors or triggers
- ethno-racial distribution and geography
what are the host-factors (non-modifiable risk factors) for type 2 diabetes? (5)
- Age- as age increases
- sex- slightly higher in males
- family history (genetic factors)
- maternal diabetes
what are some ethnicities at higher risk for diabetes? (4)
- south east Asian
- African Americans
what are the environmental risk factors for type 2 diabetes? (3)
- sedentary lifestyle
name some dietary factors as independent diabetes risk factors? (5)
- fast food intake
- soda intake
- alcohol intake
- coffee consumption
what BMI is considered obese?
what are the 4 principle reasons for increase in diabetes morbidity and diabetes related mortality?
- too much food with too much animal fat
- not enough exercise
- one set of genes inherited from parents that make you hungry
- another set of genes causes greater insulin resistance
Diabetes risk factors are _____________.
prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in Canada accelerates after the age of?
why the provincial variation of prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in Canada?
- "boomer" and "Echo" generation
- immigration and ethnicity (high percentage of Canadian immigrants are from ethnic groups that are high risk for developing DM)
what factors cause increase rates of diabetes and its complications among First Nations? (3)
- combination of non-traditional North American diet
- sedentary, inactive lifestyle
- increased alcohol consumption and smoking
More than 50% of Canadians diagnosed with diabetes were between what age?
between 25 and 64