Psychology of Emotion Ch 3 & 4

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  1. a brief period of high arousal of the sympathetic nervous system, readying the body for vigorous activity
  2. a branch of the peripheral nervous system, by which the central nervous system influences the visceral organs
    Autonomic Nervous System
  3. the hypothesis that different emotions involve qualitatively different autonomic nervous system physiology profiles
    Autonomic Specificity Hypothesis
  4. the time in milliseconds between the beginning of ventricular contraction and the expulsion of blood into the aorta
    Cardiac Pre-ejection Period
  5. an adrenal gland hormone that enhances metabolism and increases the availability of fuels in the body
  6. the pressure exerted by blood against the arteries while the heart is not contracting
    Diastolic Blood Pressure
  7. the extent to which self-reports of emotion, physiological changes and behaviors like facial expressions are intercorrelated
    Emotional Response Coherence
  8. the final stage of reaction to a prolonged stressor, characterized by weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite, and lack of interest
  9. Hans Selye's term for the body's reaction to any threat
    General Adaptation Syndrome
  10. a chemical produced by an endocrine gland and released into the bloodstream, with effects on one or more organs elsewhere in the body
  11. a stress-response system including the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal gland
    HPA axis
  12. the average time in milliseconds between heart beats
    Interbeat Interval
  13. the "rest and digest" branch of the autonomic nervous system, that diverts resources to maintenance and growth activities
    Parasympathetic Nervous System
  14. smooth muscle contractions that move food through the digestive system; caused by parasympathetic nervous system activation
  15. contraction of smooth muscles around the base of hairs, making them stand up; caused by sympathetic nervous system activation
  16. the stage of prolonged but moderate arousal in response to some stressor
  17. the change in heart rate associated with breathing in versus out; used as a measure of parasympathetic nervous system activation
    Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia
  18. the speed at which the skin transmits an electrical signal from one sensor to another; used as a measure of sweat gland activity
    Skin Conductance Level
  19. an event or events that are interpreted as threatening to an individual and which elicit physiological and behavioral responses
    Stress (McEwen's Definition)
  20. the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it
    Stress (Selye's Definition)
  21. the "fight or flight" branch of the autonomic nervous system, that supports and prepares the body for intense muscular activity
    Sympathetic Nervous System
  22. pressure exerted by blood against the arteries while the heart is contracting
    Systolic Blood Pressure
  23. personality marked by competitiveness, impatience, and hostility
    Type A Personality
  24. an effect where positive emotions facilitate recovery from sympathetic arousal associated with negative emotion
    Undoing Effect of Positive Emotion
  25. the degree of parasympathetic influence on the heart while a person is at rest
    Vagal Tone
  26. Japanese term describing the feeling of pleasurable dependence on another person, like the feeling an infant has toward its mother
  27. The ability to alternate between membership in one culture and membership in another
  28. Prioritizing the group over the individual, valuing group identification, deference, social harmony, and interdependence
  29. The meanings, conceptions, and interpretive schemes that are activated by participation in social practices (including languages)
  30. An experimental manipulation that makes one of a bicultural person's cultural identities especially salient for a short period of time
    Cultural Priming
  31. Belief that reality is always changing, that all things are interrelated, and that the same proposition can be both true and false from different perspectives
    Dialectical Epistemology
  32. Policies about when and with whom it is appropriate to display certain kinds of emotional expressions
    Display Rules
  33. One in which people typically minimize attention to status differences and seldom acknowledge those differences publicly
    Horizontal Society
  34. To create an elaborate network of associations and distinctions that lead to an increase in the vocabulary for some emotion
  35. To fail to give an emotion much cognitive elaboration or detail
  36. Emphasis on individual uniqueness, personal rights, being true to one's self, and independence from others
  37. Belief that "knowing" something means knowing what is constant and unchanging about it, how it differs from other things, and what is true and what is false about it
    Linear Epistemology
  38. A statistical technique that combines the results of many different studies into a single analysis
  39. Proposal that humans require language to think, and therefore we have only those experiences, thoughts, and perceptions for which we have words
    Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
  40. Process by which societies create culture-specific ways of thinking about, experiencing, and expressing emotion
    Social Construction of Emotion
  41. One that pays particular attention to the social hierarchy, and encourages emotions and behaviors that respect status differences
    Vertical Society
Card Set:
Psychology of Emotion Ch 3 & 4
2014-04-06 00:17:21

Emotion Terms Chapter 4
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