World History Exam Ch.30-33

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rsuarez3
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World History Exam Ch.30-33
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2014-04-06 20:59:34
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Material for Tests on Ch.30-33
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  1. Sykes–Picot Agreement
    The Sykes–Picot Agreement, officially known as the Asia Minor Agreement, was a secret agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and France,with the assent of Russia, defining their proposed spheres of influence and control in theMiddle East should the Triple Entente succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire duringWorld War I. The negotiation of the treaty occurred between November 1915 and March 1916. The agreement was concluded on 16 May 1916
  2. Balfour Declaration
    was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild (Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild), a leader of the British Jewish community that gives consent to Zionist establishment in Palestine
  3. Mustafa Kemal
    Turkish national. Turkish officer, hero of the Gallipoli campaign. He led a Turkish nationalist movement and gained Turkish independence. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"),
  4. Treaty of Lausanne
    The Treaty of Lausanne ended the conflict between Allied British Empire, French Republic, Kingdom of Italy, Empire of Japan, Kingdom of Greece, Kingdom of Romania, and Serb-Croat-Slovene State and defined the borders of the modern Turkish state except for its border with Iraq. In the treaty, Turkey gave up all claims to the remainder of the Ottoman Empire and in return the Allies recognized Turkish sovereignty within its new borders.[1]
  5. African National Congress
    The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa'sgoverning political party, supported by its Tripartite Alliance with theCongress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP), since the establishment of multi-racial democracy in April 1994. Opposed discrimination of blacks. Had a military wing called ANC headed by Nelson Mandela.
  6. Apartheid
    Apartheid (Afrikaans pronunciation: [ɐˈpartɦɛit]; an Afrikaans[1] word meaning "the state of being apart", literally "apart-hood"[2][3]) was a system of racial segregationin South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP) governments, the ruling party from 1948 to 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants were curtailed and Afrikaner minority rule was maintained. Blacks were given "homelands" in impoverished areas away from whites. Apartheid was dismantled slowly and systematically as opposed to a violent overthrow.
  7. Suez Canal
  8. Egypt
  9. Israel on map
  10. Sinai Peninsula
  11. Gulf of Suez
  12. Gaza strip on map
  13. Lend Lease Act of 1941
    Empowered the president to make arms available to any country whose defense was vital to the U.S national interest.
  14. Attack on Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor[nb 4] was a surprise military strikeconducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United Statesnaval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.
  15. Locarno Treaties
    The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno,Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on 1 December, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany(which was, by this time, the Weimar Republic). Ratifications for the Locarno treaties were exchanged in Geneva on 14 September 1926, and on the same day they became effective. The treaties were also registered in the League of Nations Treaty Series on the same day.
  16. Battle of Britain
    The Battle of Britain is the name given to the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940.The Battle of Britain was the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces
  17. Appeasement
    Appeasement in a political context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict. Neville Chaimberlain appeased to Germany's demands such as the annexation of the Czech borderlands to avoid war.
  18. Charles de Gaulle
    Frenchgeneral and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its firstpresident from 1959 to 1969
  19. Sicily on map
  20. Normandy on map
  21. Germany
  22. English Channel
  23. France
  24. Cold War
    • The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATOand others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact). There were never any direct hostilities howver there were proxy wars waged against one another for example Vietnam war against the U.S. and the Soviet
    • Afghan war
  25. Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was an international relations policy set forth by the U.S. President Harry Truman in a speech[1] on March 12, 1947, which stated that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into the Soviet sphere.
  26. NATO
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; /ˈneɪtoʊ/ nay-toh; French:Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN)), also called the (North)Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. Major members are the United States, Britain, Italy
  27. was a politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier.
    Successor to Stalin he was a was a politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier.
  28. Berlin Wall
    A major Cold War symbol. The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer) was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) starting on 13 August 1961, that completely cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.
  29. Mujahideen
    The mujahideen fought against Soviet and DRA troops during the Soviet War in Afghanistan (1979-1989); the United States provided assistance
  30. Iran
  31. Kabul on map
  32. Gamal Abdel Nasser
    15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was thesecond President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death. He planned the1952 overthrow of the monarchy, and was deputy prime minister in the new government. In 1953, Nasser introduced far-reaching land reforms. Following a 1954 Muslim Brotherhood-led attempt on his life, he ordered a crackdown on the organization, put President Muhammad Naguib under house arrest, and assumed executive office. A June 1956 public referendum approved both thenew constitution and Nasser's nomination for presidency.
  33. Six-Day War
    was fought between June 5 and 10, 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria. The war began on June 5 with Israel launching surprise strikes against Egyptian air-fields in response to the mobilisation of Egyptian forces on the Israeli border.Within six days, Israel had won a decisive land war. Israeli forces had taken control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.
  34. Palestine Liberation Organization
    an organization founded in 1964 with the purpose of creating an independent State of Palestine.
  35. United Nations Security Council Resolution 24
    was adopted unanimously by the UN Security Council on November 22, 1967, in the aftermath of the Six-Day War.The preamble[3] refers to the "inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security."
  36. OPEC
    an oil cartel whose mission is to coordinate the policies of the oil-producing countries. The goal is to secure a steady income to the member states and to secure supply of oil to the consumers. Its nations imposed an oil embargo to protest the U.S support of Isreal
  37. Osama bin Laden
    was the founder of al-Qaeda, the Sunni militant Islamist organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets.  He was a Saudi Arabian, a member of the wealthy bin Laden family, and an ethnic Yemeni Kindite
  38. Orange River
  39. Lake Tanganyika
  40. Morrocco
  41. Algeria
  42. Sahara
  43. Canary

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