Ch 23 Types of Surgeons and Anesthesias

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Author:
melitachristine
ID:
269380
Filename:
Ch 23 Types of Surgeons and Anesthesias
Updated:
2015-02-28 23:51:10
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medical terminology
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HAUC
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  1. anesthesiologist
    the specialty of administering anesthesia during surgery and pain management
  2. cardiac surgeon
    the specialty of treating heart problems with surgery
  3. general surgeon
    • the specialty of treating common abdominal problems such as hernias and appendicitis with surgery
    • (visceral organs)
  4. obstetrical surgeon
    the specialty of treating problems with the female reproductive system with surgery
  5. maxillofacial surgeon
    the specialty of treating problems of the mouth, jaw, neck and facial bones with surgery
  6. neurosurgeon
    the specialty of treating the CNS, including the brain and spinal cord, with surgery
  7. orthopedic surgeon
    the specialty of treating problems of the bones, joints, ligaments and tendons with surgery
  8. plastic surgeon
    cosmetic & reconstructive surgery
    the specialty of improving the appearance for cosmetic reasons, or to correct defects for a more appealing appearance
  9. thoracic surgeon
    the specialty of treating problems in the chest cavity, except the heart, with surgery
  10. transplant surgeon
    the specialty of replacing failing organs with donated organs with surgery
  11. vascular surgery
    the specialty of treating problems of the blood vessels with surgery
  12. local anesthesia
    injection of a numbing agent directly into the surgical area to block pain sensations. used for minor procedures on a limited part of the body. you may remain awake for this.
  13. regional anesthesia
    • injection of a numbing agent around major nerves or the spinal cord to block pain from a larger but still limited part of the body. pt is likely given medicine to help relax or sleep during surgery
    • peripheral nerve block
    • epidural and spinal anesthesia
  14. general anesthesia
    transfused through a vein (IV) or is inhaled. it affects the brain as well as the entire body. pt is completely unconcious, unaware, and do not feel pain during the surgery. general anesthesia often causes confusion and forgetfulness right after surgery. pt's are normally sent to a PACU (post anesthetic care unit) immediately after surgery to slowly emerge from sedation.

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