Chapter 08 Vocab

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Author:
Gesyca_is_joy
ID:
269399
Filename:
Chapter 08 Vocab
Updated:
2014-04-20 22:32:08
Tags:
CHEM 1405
Folders:
Chemistry
Description:
Chemical Nomenclature
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  1. Chemical Nomenclature
    The system of names used to distinguish compounds from each other and the rules needed to devise those names
  2. Binary Compound
    A compound in which only two elements are present
  3. Binary Ionic Compound
    an Ionic compound in which one element is metal and the other element is non metal
  4. Fixed Charge Metal
    A metal that only forms one type of positive ion and that ion always has the same magnitude
  5. Variable Charge Metal
    a metal that forms more than one type of positive ion, each ion having a different Magnitude

    Example Fe2+ and Fe3+
  6. Ternary Compound
    A compound containing three different elements
  7. Ternary Ionic Compound
    A compound in which three elements are present; one element in a monoatomic ion and the others in a polyatomic ion
  8. Binary Molecular Compound
    A Compound in which two nonmetallic elements are present
  9. Systematic Name
    A name for a compound based on IUPAC Rules that conveys information about the composition of that compound

    Example: H2O is Hydrogen Oxide
  10. Common Name
    A name for a compound that is not based on IUPAC Rules and that does not convey information about the composition of that compound

    Example H2O is water
  11. Acid
    Hydrogen containing ternary molecular compound whose molecules yield Hydrogen ions when dissolved in water

    Acids have Hydrogen listed as the first element in their formula
  12. Non-oxyacid
    A molecular compound composed of hydrogen and one or more non metals other than oxygen that produce H+ ions in an aqueous solution

    Non-oxyacids exist as both pure compounds and water solutions

    • HCl (g) is Hydrogen chloride
    • HCl (aq) is Hydrochloric acid
  13. Oxyacid
    A molecular compound composed of hydrogen, oxygen and one or more other elements that produce H+ ions in an aqueous solution

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