english vocab 2

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english vocab 2
2014-04-06 11:54:38
hodges english vocab

english vocab
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  1. a posteriori
    In rhetoric, logic and philosophy, a belief or proposition is said to be a posteriori if it can only be determined through observation
  2. a priori
    In rhetoric, logic, and philosophy, an argument is said to be a priori if its truth can be known or inferred independently of any direct perception (logic, geometry, math)
  3. Ab ovo
    refers to a narrative that starts "at the beginning" of the plot, and then moves chronologically through a sequence of events to the tale's conclusion
  4. In Medias Res
    One in which the narrative starts "in the middle of things", well into the middle of the plot, and then proceeds to explain earlier events through the characters dialogue, memories, or flashbacks
  5. Alphabetism
    • A word formed from the initial letters of other words (or syllables) pronounced with the letters of the alphabet 
  6. Antithesis
    Using two opposite phrases in close conjunction "I burn and I freeze", her character is white as sunlight, black as midnight or a contrast in degree "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind"
  7. apostrophe
    The act of addressing some abstraction or personification that is not physically present (talking to death)
  8. Bathos
    a descent in literature in which a poet or writer- striving too hard to be passionate or elevated- falls into trivial or stupid imagery, phrasing, or ideas.
  9. Caractonym
    an evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. (7 dwarfs, Deloris Umbridge)
  10. Closure
    a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of a play or narrative work- especially after a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactory
  11. Commonizaton
    linguistic term for an epohym- a common word derived from the proper name of a person or place (q-tip: cotton swab, bandaid: adhesive strip)
  12. Contrapassio
    a thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly with the nature of a crime
  13. Detuteragonist
    a side kick who accompanies the main protagonist
  14. Diacope
    a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase broken up by one or more intervening words
  15. Epizeuxis
    The repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis visually with no words in between
  16. Anaphora
    repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
  17. Epiphora
    the repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses
  18. Enjambement
    a line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line
  19. Hamaritia
    A tragic flaw, especially a misperception, a lack of some important insight, or some blindness that ironically results from one's own strengths and abilities
  20. Arete
    humble and constant striving for perfection and self-improvement combined with a realistic awareness that such perfection cannot be reached
  21. Humility Topos
    a common rhetorical strategy in which an author or speaker feigns ignorance or pretends to be less clever or less intelligent that he/she really is
  22. Horatian Satire
    tends to focus lightly on laughter and ridicule, but it maintains a playful tone
  23. Juvenalian Satire
    uses withering, invective, insults and a slashing attack but lacks the humor
  24. Kleos
    renown, horror, glory, and fair reputation achieved through great deeds- especially battle
  25. Neologism
    a made-up word that is not a a part of normal, every day vocabulary
  26. Peripeteia
    the sudden reversal of fortune in a story, play, or any narrative in which there is an observable change in direction
  27. polyptoton
    a rhetorical term for the repetition of words derived from the same root but with different endings adj:polyptotonic (choosy moms chose Jif)
  28. polysyndeton
    using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect in a sentence (I am taking biology and english and math and social studies and...)
  29. Tmesis
    intentionally breaking a word into two parts for emphasis (abso-freaking-lutely, in sane)
  30. Wanderjahr
    a period in a character's life during which he/she is absent from his/her normal routine, engaged in thought, travel, and a quest for experiences or insight
  31. Alliosis
    rhetorical use of any isocolon parallel sentence that presents two choices to the reader (you can eat well or you can sleep well)
  32. Bildungsroman
    german term for coming of age story
  33. morpheme
    any of the minimal grammatical units of a language,each constituting a word or meaningful part of aword, that cannot be divided into smallerindependent grammatical parts (un-lady-like, s-top, dog-s, a-lone)
  34. Hemingway hero
    facing death with dignity, enduring physical and emotional pain in silence, never showing emotions, never weakly allowing commitment to a single woman or social convention to prevent adventure, travel, or acts of bravery
  35. Pluck buffet
    (game) one child trades blows on the arm or chest with another to see who is "bravest" or "toughest", refers to any game in which individuals challenge each other and the loser receives a punishment