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- lymphadenophaty-most common-lymph nodes larger than 1cm are enlarged
- Aortic aneurysms
- malingnat-lumphomas; SCLC; Mets (breast)
- Benign-infection (mono or Tb)
- Persistent above 4cm
- 5-6cm risk of rupture
- Abrubt onset of pain
- MRI-most sensitive but CT good as well
- Radiograph-widened mediastinum, left pleural effusion, loss of aortic arch shadow, deviation of trachea and esophagus to the right.
- Neurogenic tumors-can cause bone changes in spinal canal and ribs.
- May have pleural effusions
- Granulomas-may result post-infection
- Hamartomas-peripherally located "popcorn appearance
- Seeing a solitary nodule/mass
- seeing the effects of it suchas pneumonitis or atelectasis
- seeing direct or metastiatic spread
Lung cancers with spread
- Direct extension
- Hilar adenopathy
- Mediastinal adenopathy
- Pleural effusion from lymphagitic spread
- Mets to bone
most often think mets, defferent sizes-small to cannon ball
Lymphangitic spread-lung, breast, pancreas--unilateral pulmonary edema.
Bronchogenic-thick wall and irregular inner margin
Tb-thin wall and smooth inner margin
Abscess-thick wall and smooth inner margin