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Child and adolescent athletes) different between children and adults?
Children are not as capable of utilizing glycogen and working in an anaerobic capacity as adults are but they may recover more quickly after exercise
Child and adolescent athletes) Children's muscle tissue and water
Children's muscle tissue contains more water than adult tissue therefore children have a higher percentage of body water to maintain and must pay attention to good hydration
Child and adolescent athletes) young athletes and efficiency at movement
Young athletes are not as efficient at movement as adults are thus results in a relative increase in energy expenditure
Child and adolescent athletes) does a child or adolescent energy requirements stagnate or fluctuate?
Child and adolescent athletes) how many inches and pounds do children grow per year between the ages of 2 through the beginning of puberty?
2-3 inches and 4-7 pounds
Child and adolescent athletes) what percent of bone mass is laid down during puberty?
Child and adolescent athletes) what has recent research been able to show about the theory of certain sports leading to body image disorders?
Recent research suggests that eating disorders &body image issues are just as prevalent in sedentary youth
Child and adolescent athletes) nutrients requirements: energy (2)
-it is based on gender, weight, height, and 4 levels of PA
- -25 kcal/day added for energy deposition
Child and adolescent athletes) nutrient requirements: protein
-estimated average requirement EAR set at .8 g/kg/day
Child and adolescent athletes) nutrient requirements: iron (2)
-critical during growth and development
- -stress importance to young population
- *explain side effects of low iron consumption
- *educate on high iron foods
- *may need supplementation year round
Child and adolescent athletes) nutrient requirements: calcium & vitamin D
-RDA for ages 8-18 is 1400 mg/day
-calcium absorption efficiency decreases after menarche
- *be aware of the female athlete triad that are more prone to disorders
- *milk products are often avoided due to the negative perception that they are fattening
Child and adolescent athletes) hydration: 3 reasons for greater fluid requirements in youth
-sweat glands not fully functioning so can't sweat and lose heat
-the surface area to mass ratio much greater than in adults
-greater heat absorption
4 tips to ensure adequate hydration
-have an athlete work out how many sips it takes to drink a 1/2 cup portion of fluid then require that number of sips at each break
- -stop at drinking fountain between classes at school
- -pack a water bottle with practice gear each day
-drink extra fluids at lunch to help prepare for afternoon practices
Child and adolescent athletes) how should prevent meals and post event meals look like?
Pre: high carb snacks and beverages for hydration
Post: snacks with protein, carbohydrate, and fluid
Child and adolescent athletes) what is the female athlete triad?
combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and low bone density.
Child and adolescent athletes) is there scientific evidence for either the efficacy or the safety of performance enhancing agents and dietary supplements in children and adolescents?
There is little to no scientific evidence for that
Child and adolescent athletes) what are the 3 most popular ergogenic aids?