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5 biggest concerns
-lack of nutrition education
-sleeping through breakfast
-improper weight loss and weight gain practices
-indiscriminate use of dietary supplements
-disordered eating problems
3 sources of information for college athletes
-men are more likely than women to get info from store clerks, fellow athletes, friends, coaches, TV or magazines
-women more likely to get information from university classes, nutritionists, or individual sport coaches
-athletic trainers are the most frequent source of nutrition information
3 reasons why college athletes use supplements?
-improve body composition
-boost energy levels
Which supplement is the most commonly use in college athletes?
*testimonials are often more relied on than scientific Proof of efficacy
7 suggestions NCAA offers to athletic departments
-develop a supplement use policy based on sound science
-enlist the help of the athletic trainer
-make sure no coaches are distributors of supplements
-expand education programs beyond scare tactics
-explain to athletes that natural and completely safe are not the same thing
-remind athletes that salespeople are not trained to offer advice on NCAA banned substances
-explained that a supplement that lists related compounds in the ingredients could contain a banned substance such as ephedra
How does time demands impact supplement usage?
Because college athletes have time demands they do not have much time for food preparation therefore tend to use supplements more
What do athletic trainers say about the body weight importance to college athletes?
They rated body weight as very or moderately important to an athlete's performance
(3) stats on disorders eating in females
-10% of female athletes have significant problems with bulimia or binge eating
-1.1% have anorexia
-31% have menstrual irregularities
6 contributing factors to disordered eating
-lack of education by coaches
-self consciousness about uniforms
-administrative policies about making weight
-constant images from media that imply fat is bad rather than stressing importance of good nutrition
-new environment, social roles, and codes of conduct
-little adult guidance
What's the most prevalent syndrome in males?
What's is muscle dysmorphia?
Described as desire for larger, more muscular bodies, feeling of never being big enough
What are some warning signs of muscle dysmorphia?
Excessive exercise, shunning social or work obligations to spend time in the gym, avoiding situations where the body might be exposed such as beach or pool