APES Acronyms

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APES Acronyms
2014-04-07 18:25:09

Laws, acts, companies, etc...
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  1. CAA
    Clean Air Act

    Requires the EPA to enforce regulations that protect the public from airborne contaminants
  2. CDWA / SDWA(?)
    • Clean Drinking Water Act
    • Safe

    Ensures the quality of safe drinking water in US
    • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, & Liability Act
    • AKA Superfund

    US federal law designed to clean up sites contaminated with hazardous substances. Gives authority to recover natural resource damage.
  4. CWA
    Clean Water Act

    Primary Federal Law in US governing water pollution. Goal is to eliminate releases of toxic substances into water.
  5. ESA
    Endangered Species Act

    Designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a consequence of economic growth & development
  6. FIFRA
    Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

    US federal law that set up basic pesticide regulation to protect applicators, consumers, & the environment
  7. MMPA
    Marine Mammal Protection Act

    US law that prohibits the taking of marine mammals & enacts a moratorium on the import, export, & sale of any marine mammal
  8. NEPA
    National Environmental Policy Act

    Established a US national policy promoting the enhancement of the environment. Set up requirements for environmental assessments and environmental impact statements.
  9. NMSA
    National Marine Sanctuaries Act

    Authorizes the designation & protection of the marine environment for conservation, ecological scientific, etc… reasons
  10. RCRA
    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

    the principal federal law in the US governing the disposal of solid waste & hazardous waste
  11. SMCRA
    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

    Primary federal law that regulates the environmental impacts of coal mining; made of 2 programs: one for regulating and one for reclaiming
  12. TSCA
    Toxic Substance Control Act

    US law regulating the introduction of new or already existing chemicals
  13. BLM
    Bureau of Land Management

    Administers America's public lands; sustains the health, diversity, & productivity of the public lands
  14. CDC
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    National public health institute for the US; main goal is to protect public health & safety through control & prevention of disease, injury, and disability
  15. DOE
    Department of Energy

    concerned with US policies regarding energy & safety in handling nuclear material
  16. EPA
    Environmental Protection Agency

    Created for the purpose of protecting human health & the environment by writing & enforcing regulations
  17. FDA
    Food and Drug Administration

    Responsible for protecting & promoting health through regulation & supervision
  18. FWS
    Fish & Wildlife Service

    Dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, & natural habitats
  19. NASA
    National Aeronautics & Space Administration 

    Responsible for the civilian space program & aeronautics and aerospace research
  20. NMFS
    National Marine Fisheries Service

    Responsible for the stewardship & management of the nation's living marine resources & their habitat
  21. NPS
    National Park Services

    Manages US national parks & monuments, and other conservation & historical properties
  22. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    Assures safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by training, outreach, education, and assistance
  23. USDA
    United States Department of Agriculture

    Responsible for developing and executing federal government policy on farming, ag, forestry, and food; aims to meet the needs of farmers, promote ag trade, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, and hunger in the US and abroad
  24. USGS
    United States Geological Survey

    Study the landscapes of the US, its natural resources, & the hazards that threaten it. Four major disciplines: biology, geography, geology, & hydrology
    Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement

    North American Free Trade Agreement

    Created large free trade zones between multiple countries
  26. CITES
    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

    Multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants & animals; aims to ensure that international trade does not threaten survival of species
  27. IAEA
    International Atomic Energy Agency 

    International organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy; promotes high standards for nuclear safety
  28. ICRW
    International Center for Research on Women

    Mission is to empower women, advance gender equality and fight poverty in the developing world
  29. IPCC
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

    Aims to assess: human induced climate change, impacts of that, & options for adaptation and mitigation
  30. IUCN
    International Union for Conservation of Nature

    Influences and assists societies world-wide to conserve the integrity & diversity of nature; ensure that use of natural resources is equitable & ecologically sustainable
  31. UN
    United Nations

    Promotes international cooperation in peace, human rights, economic development, protecting the environment, & humanitarian aid
  32. UN-FAO
    Food and Agriculture Organization

    Strives to eliminate hunger, make agriculture more sustainable, reduce rural poverty, & increase food efficiency
  33. UN-WHO
    World Health Organization

    Provides leadership on global health matters, shapes the health research agenda, & monitors health trends
  34. UNICEF
    United Nation's Children's Fund

    Provides long term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children & mothers in developing countries
  35. Kyoto Protocol
    International treaty that sets binding obligations on industrialized countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (Esp Co2)
  36. Montreal Protocol
    International treaty dealing with CFCs that destroy ozone
  37. BOD
    Biochemical oxygen demand

    Amount of dissolved oxygen needed by aerobic biological organisms in a body of water to break down organic material
  38. Btu
    British thermal unit

    The amount of energy needed to cool or heat one pound of water by one degree F
  39. CFC

    • organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as a volatile derivative of methane, ethane, & propane.
    • Contributes to ozone depletion)
  40. Ch4

    Main component of natural gas, atmospheric methane is a greenhouse gas
  41. CO
    Carbon monoxide

    Colorless, odorless, & tasteless gas; toxic to humans; plays a role in ground level ozone formation
  42. CO2
    Carbon dioxide

    Used by plants for photosynthesis; produced by combustion of coal or hydrocarbons; greenhouse gas
  43. DDT

    Colorless, tasteless, dangerous, and persistent pesticide; banned by ESA
  44. DO
    Dissolved oxygen/oxygen saturation 

    A relative measure of the amount of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium
  45. ENSO
    El Niño-Southern Oscillation

    Refers to variations in the temperature of the surface of the tropical East Pacific Ocean & in air surface pressure in the tropical West Pacific Ocean
  46. HAA
    Haloacetic acids

    Common undesirable by-product of drinking water chlorination
  47. HAB
    Harmful algae bloom

    Algal bloom that causes negative impacts to other organisms via production of natural toxins
  48. HAP
    Hazardous Air Pollutant
  49. K

    reactive with water
  50. LD-50
    Lethal Dose 50%

    Amount of substance required to kill 50% of a test population
  51. LEED
    Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

    Set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, & maintenance of green buildings
  52. MPA
    Marine Protected Areas

    Region in which human activity has been placed under restrictions
  53. N2
    Nitrogen gas
  54. NO2
    Nitrogen Dioxide

    Prominent air pollution
  55. N2O
    Nitrous Oxide

    Laughing gas
  56. NO
    Nitrogen Monoxide

    Byproduct of combustion (cars, fossil fuels…)
  57. NH3

    Serves as a fertilizer
  58. Nimby
    Not in my back yard

    Opposition by residents to new development because its close to them
  59. O2

    Gas that is colorless, odorless, & tasteless
  60. O3

    Pale, blue gas with a pungent smell, makes up .6ppm of the atmosphere
  61. Pb

    Soft metal used in construction, batteries, bullet, etc...
  62. pH
    Measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution
  63. pm
    Particulate Matter

    Tiny pieces of solid or liquid matter associated with earth's atmosphere
  64. POP
    Persistent organic pollutant

    Organic compound that is resistant to environmental degradation
  65. ppb
    parts per billion
  66. ppm
    parts per million
  67. SO2
    Sulfur Dioxide

    A toxic gas with a pungent, irritating, and rotten smell
  68. TDS
    Total dissolved solids

    the total mass content of of dissolved ions and molecules in a liquid medium
  69. TSS
    Total suspended solids

    Water quality measurement; conventional pollutant
  70. VOC
    Volatile Organic Compound

    Chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at room temperature
  71. WTE

    The process go generating energy in the form of electricity/heat from the incineration of waste
  72. WTP
    Water treatment plant

    A facility that performs water purification