Victor 7th Grade - History - Branches of Government - The Constitution - Preamble -

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Costi
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269665
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Victor 7th Grade - History - Branches of Government - The Constitution - Preamble -
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2014-06-10 11:08:49
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Constitution preamble branches government president terms bill law
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The Constitution of the United States, Branches of Government, President, bill, law, Congress, House of Representatives
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  1. Which branch decides what the laws really mean?
    Judicial Branch
  2. What is the Legislative Branch of the U.S. called?
    Congress
  3. Name two parts of the Legislative Branch.
    1. Senate

    2. House of Representatives
  4. What are the President's advisors called?
    The Cabinet
  5. What branch of the government can declare laws unconstitutional?
    Judicial Branch
  6. What is a proposed law called?
    A bill
  7. When can the President of the Senate vote on a bill?
    When there is a tie
  8. How many votes are needed to pass a bill in the House of Representatives or the Senate?
    Majority (1 more than half)
  9. How many votes are needed in the House of the Senate to override a Presidential veto?
    Two-thirds of both the House and Senate
  10. If there are differences between a bill passed in the House and the Senate, where is the bill sent?
    Conference committee
  11. What freedom allows people to gather together peacefully to protest a government policy?
    Freedom of Assembly
  12. What freedom allows people to criticize government officials?
    Freedom of Speech
  13. What is a representative democracy?
    A form of government where people choose representatives to govern them
  14. Define "constitution"
    A constitution is a written plan of government.
  15. What is the introduction to the U.S. Constitution called?
    The Preamble
  16. What is an amendment?
    An amendment is a written change to the constitution.
  17. How many amendments to the U.S. Constitution are there?
    27
  18. What is the First Amendment in the U.S. Constitution?
    The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition.  It forbids Congress from both promoting one religion over others and also restricting an individual's religious practices.  It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely.  It also guarantees the rights of individuals to assemble peacefully an to petition the government.
  19. Who has the power to coin or print money?
    Congress
  20. What is democracy?
    Democracy is "Rule by the people"
  21. How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives?
    435
  22. How many senators are there in the Senate?
    100
  23. How many representatives does New York have in the House of Representatives?
    29
  24. What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?
    The Bill of Rights
  25. The New York Times is able to publish an editorial criticizing the President without being punished because of what freedom?
    Freedom of the Press
  26. How does a bill become a law?
    A bill must be passed by majority in the House and the Senate and then signed by the President.
  27. What is the first step in the lawmaking process?
    A bill is introduced by a member of Congress.
  28. After Congress proposes a constitutional amendment, what must happen before it can become part of the U.S. Constitution?
    Three quarter (3/4) of the states must ratify it.
  29. What was the first constitution of the U.S. called?
    The Articles of Confederation
  30. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces?
    President of the United States
  31. What is the system called which keeps any one branch of government from assuming too much power?
    System of Checks and Balances
  32. What is Federalism?
    Separation of powers between the national government and the state governments.
  33. In which part of the legislative branch must a bill first be introduced if it deals with spending or raising money?
    The House of Representatives
  34. Why were the Articles of Confederation replaced?
    They created a national government that was too weak.
  35. How many Cabinet Departments are there?
    15
  36. The word "prosperity" in the Preamble is defined as what?
    Future generations
  37. What is the highest court in the State of New York?
    The Court of Appeals
  38. The Legislative Branch of the New York State government is divided into what two parts?
    The Assembly and the Senate
  39. How many terms can a Senator or a Representative serve?
    As many as they can get elected....
  40. Who ratifies treaties with foreign countries?
    The Senate
  41. Who may veto bills passed by Congress?
    The President of the United States
  42. How are federal judges, including Supreme Court Justices, chosen?
    They are nominated by the President and approved by the Senate.
  43. Who officially chooses the President of the United States?
    The Electoral College
  44. Who is the leader of the House of Representatives?
    The Speaker of the House
  45. Who can pardon people convicted of federal crimes?
    The President of the United States
  46. How old do you have to be to be a member of the House of Representatives?
    25
  47. How old do you have to be to be a member of the Senate?
    30
  48. How old do you have to be to be President of the United States?
    35
  49. How many years make up one term for a member of the House of Representatives?
    2
  50. How many years make up one term for a member of the Senate?
    6
  51. How many years make up "one term" for a President of the United States?
    4 years make up one Presidential term
  52. How many representatives in the House of Representatives does each state have?
    It depends on each state's population.
  53. How many senators does each state have?
    2
  54. How many terms may a President serve?
    2
  55. What is the highest federal court?
    The Supreme Court
  56. How long do federal judges serve?
    For life
  57. How many justices are there on the United States Supreme Court?
    9
  58. Who is the President of the Senate?
    Vice President of the United States
  59. How many branches is the federal government divided into?
    3

    • Judicial Branch
    • Legislative Branch
    • Executive Branch
  60. Which branch makes the laws?
    The Legislative Branch
  61. Which branch sees that the laws are carried out?
    The Executive Branch

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