blood test study

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Author:
gingaboop
ID:
26974
Filename:
blood test study
Updated:
2010-07-15 22:25:27
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blood system
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blood test study 2
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  1. 3 Formed Elements:
    • 1. Erythrocytes (RBC)
    • 2. Leukocytes (WBC)
    • 3. Thrombocytes (Platelets)
  2. Erythrocytes
    RBC - transport oxygen; when mature, do not have nucleus
  3. Leukocytes
    WBC - fight infection; have a nucleus
  4. Dipedesis
    process by which WBC can enter tissue spaces
  5. Name 5 Leukocytes
    basophil, eosinophil, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte
  6. Platelets
    • thrombocyte; lifespan: 8-11 days
    • - cell fragment
    • - function in clotting
  7. Hemostasis
    process by which bleeding is stopped
  8. 3 Steps in Hemostasis
    • 1. vascular constriction (reduces blood flow)
    • 2. platelet plug formation
    • 3. coagulation
  9. Blood Types
    A, B, AB, O
  10. Type O Blood
    Universal Donor
  11. Type AB Blood
    Universal Recipient
  12. If mother is Rh negative and fetus is Rh positive, danger of hemolytic disease of newborn is with which child?
    2nd
  13. Aplastic Anemia
    no RBC are made
  14. Leukemia
    WBC are too numerous and malformed
  15. Stasis
    sluggish/poor circulation
  16. Thrombus
    blood clot in vessel
  17. ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate)
    test that measures the speed that a RBC settles to the bottom of calibrated tube
  18. Hematocrit
    test that measures the percentage of given volume of whole blood occupied by erythrocytes
  19. Hemoglobin
    estimation of total amount of oxygen-carrying component in blood
  20. SMAC (sequential multiple analyzer computer)
    type of automated blood chemistry
  21. FBS (fasting blood sugar)
    measures blood glucose
  22. post-prandial
    after eating
  23. Cholesterol
    type of fat found in blood; normal 150-200
  24. LDL Cholesterol
    bad (lousy) cholesterol
  25. HDL Cholesterol
    good (healthy) cholesterol
  26. Uric Acid
    elevated levels indicate gout
  27. BUN (Kidney Function Test)
    Blood, Urea, Nitrogen
  28. Sources of capillary blood
    • 1. fingertip
    • 2. earlobes
    • 3. great toe/heel
  29. Areas to avoid
    • 1. scar areas
    • 2. cyanotic area (blue)
    • 3. heavy callous
    • 4. swollen areas
    • 5. traumatized areas
  30. Antecubital space of arm
    Most commonly used for obtaining specimen of venous blood
  31. When selecting a vein, choose one that is __________________ and ____________________
    elastic and resilient
  32. After obtaining a blood specimen with an additive in tube, do not _____________________________________________
    vigorously shake the tube
  33. Syncope
    fainting

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