History Midterm

Card Set Information

History Midterm
2014-04-08 17:48:13
History 102
Show Answers:

  1. The eighteenth-century British political party that favored isolationism in foreign affairs and deference toward monarchical authority was known as the:
  2. Voltaire served as an advisor to the king of:
  3. The inventor of the flying shuttle was:
    James Hargreaves
  4. The storming of the Bastille was a result of:
    The kings use of troops
  5. After an attempted flight of the royal family:
    divisions among more and less radical groups became more apparent
  6. 4 political symbols represent the French revolution. One of them was:
    A pike
  7. Many Italian Catholics were antagonized by
    limitation of papal sovereignty to Vatican City
  8. First target og Prussian military in 1860
  9. DOES not describe Otto von Bismarck
    he established a Prussian political system based on a strong parliamentary base
  10. In his book, Reflections on the Revolution in France, the conservative theorist Edmund Burke justified maintaining traditional institutions like the French monarchy because:
    overthrowing them suddenly for abstract notions of equality was dangerous and threatened the social order.
  11. After 1815, a reactionary government in Spain under the restored monarch Ferdinand VII was able to dominate Spain with the help of the Concert of Europe, but it could not:
    maintain its control over Spain's mainland American colonies who won their independence from Spain with British support.
  12. During the early 1800s, the Ottoman Empire lost control of:
    Greece and Egypt
  13. The Bourbon king restored to power was
    Louis XVIII
  14. The Peterloo Massacre occurred in which European kingdom?
  15. Decemberists
    group of Russian military officers who led an unsuccessful rebellion to install a constitutional monarchy
  16. During the 1800s, the most autocratic of the European states was:
  17. Utilitarianism
    political theory by Jeremy Bentham who argued that the purpose of gov is to provide the greatest happiness of the greatest number and the test of gov is it's usefulness
  18. John Stuart Mill
    wrote Liberty called for free circulation of ideas even false ideas wrote on subjection of Women all member equal access to freedom.
  19. bourgeois
    derives from burgers term used to describe a group of people who gained wealth and civic identity from urban occupation unsympathetic to lower classes
  20. Early socialist thinkers
    • Babeuf - communist society 
    • Henri de Saint Simon 
    • Robert Owen- utopian 
    • Charles Fourier
    • Karl Marx
  21. Great Reform Bill
    British law that broadened the franchise and provided parliamentary seats for new urban areas that had not been previously represented
  22. 1833 slavery abolished
    in British empire
  23. Corn Laws
    laws passed by British parliament that placed tariffs on imported foreign grains to protect domestic grain producers from international competition
  24. Piedmont
    City that fought to unify Italy as its own state separate from French and Austrian rule
  25. Cavour
    ruler of Piedmont. Made a deal with France to get Austria out of some territories in exchange for border provinces
  26. Realpolitik
    • Style of governing that is based on practical
    • and material factors, rather than ethics or ideology and that uses all means, including war to expand the influence the power of a state
  27. charge of the light brigade
    famous poem written by Alfred Lord Tennison during Crimean War
  28. MIR
    Russian peasant commune, After Tsar Alexander II freed the serfs in 1861 the mir determined land use and paid gov. mortgage and taxes
  29. Dmitri Mendeleev
    developed the periodic table of elements and arranged them by their atomic mass
  30. Joseph Lister
    developed effective disinfectant that killed germs that caused things like gangrene. Midwives and doctors could now sanitize their hands and tools and keep from infecting patients
  31. Anthropology and Edward Tylor
    comparative study of of people in different societies. the farther you traveled from Europe the more primitive humankind became
  32. Fabian Society
    British socialist founded and criticized the capitalistic system as inefficient, wasteful and unjust
  33. Jaures
    social doctrine on social justice and ethical notions rather then complete take over like Marxist doctrine
  34. Nietzsche
    German philospher expressed tension between reason and emotion. Proclaimed rationality had led humankind into a meaningless abyss
  35. Paul Gauguin
    French avante garde painter who expressed human emotion in things
  36. Edvard Munch
    painted hidden anxieties of societies like scenes of violence, fear and sheet horror
  37. David Lloyd
    chancellor who brought on new social reform like old age pensions and bill to amend power of House of Lords to veto. Proposed raising income taxes and death duties ad levying landed wealth to pay for things.
  38. Wilhelm II
    • Kaiser of Germany. Autocratic ruler
    • – dismiss Otto von Bismarck b/c he was intimidated by him. Announced his power
    • only one ruler. Wanted Germany to have colonies, navy and major influence among
    • the Great powers
  39. The European power that exercised imperial control over the East Indies was:
    The netherlands
  40. Which European monarch is known for his exploitative control over the Congo?
    Leapold of Belguim
  41. The Boer Wars were fought between the Boers and the British in:
    South Africa