Nutrition exam 2

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Nutrition exam 2
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2014-04-09 19:34:35
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Nutrition exam 2
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  1. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -Gene expression
    -Vision-Body lining
    -skin,
    -immune defense
    Vitimin A






    -bone & cell growth
  2. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -helps regulate calcium & phosphorus and
    thereby maintains bone integrity
    Vitamin D
  3. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -guards against free radicals and LDL
    -reduces inflammation
    -acts as an antioxidant (especially lungs)
    (will effect anti clotting meds)
    Vitamin E
  4. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -Activates proteins = blood clotting
    -synthesize keytones bodies (bind minerals to bone)
    -intestines produce ½ of it, Biotin is produce as a result from bacteria
    Vitamin K
  5. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -supports callogen
    -makes carnitine
    -antioxidant
    -prooxidant
    Vitamin C
  6. What vitamin has the following functions

    -coenzyme
    -helps
    -metabolize  carbs, fat,
    -AA’s
    Thamin B12
  7. What vitamin has the following functions

    -cell metabolism of energy
    Riboflavin B2
  8. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -energy metabolism
    Niacin
  9. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -coenzyme (makes new cells)
    -DNA synthesis
    Folate
  10. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -maintains sheaths around nerve fibers
    Vitamin B12
  11. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -Participates in over 100 reactions

    -Involved in amino and fatty Acids , the conversion of tryptophan to niacin or 
    serotonin, and the production of red blood cells and
    DNA/RNA
    Vitamin B6
  12. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -energy metabolism
    -cofactor for enzymes
    -gene expression
    Botin
  13. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -Key coenzyme- release of energy from nutrients
    -involved in more than 100 different steps in the synthesis of lipids, neurotransmitters, steroid hormones, and hemoglobin
    Pantothentic Acid
  14. What vitamin has the following functions;

    -most abundant mineral in the body and is critical for overall body function

    -Most of calcium (99%) is found in the bones/teeth and 1% in blood But that 1% is fundamental to cardiac muscle function

    -maintain normal BP

    - important role in muscle contractions

    -Transmission of nerve impulses
    Calcium
  15. What mineral has the following functions;

    -2nd abundant mineral in the body. 80% in bones and teeth)
    -mineralization of bones and teeth
    -buffers
    -Principle components of phospholipids
    -Part of every cell; essential for growth and renewal of tissues
    -Energy trasnfers
    Phosphorus
  16. What mineral has the following functions;

    -Bone mineralization (half in bones)
    -protein building
    -Transmission of muscle contraction & nerve impulse
    -blood clotting 
    -Protects against HTN disease
    Magnesium
  17. What mineral has the following functions;

    -maintains normal fluid, electrolyte & acid balances
    -essential to muscle contractions
    Sodium
  18. What mineral has the following functions;

    -maintains fluid an electrolyte balances
    -assists in nerve impulse, transmission muscle contractions
    -maintains the Na & K pump action
    Potassium
  19. What mineral has the following functions;

    -part of hormone (thyroxine) which helps
    regulate metabolic rate, temperature, reproduction &growth
    Iodine
  20. What mineral has the following functions

    -O2 transporter
    -makes new cells, AA”s, hormones
    -neurotransmitters
    -part of dozens of enzymatic reactions
    -muscle contractions (myogloben)
    -Transferrin (iron to cells)
    -Hepcidin (regulates blood iron
    levels)
    Zink
  21. What mineral has the following functions

    -defends against oxidation
    -regulate thyroid hormone
    Selenium
  22. What mineral has the following functions;

    -formation of teeth and bones
    -resists teeth decay
    Flouride
  23. What mineral has the following functions;

    -enhances insulin action
    Chormium
  24. What mineral has the following functions;

    -some enzymes act as antioxidants
    -absorption & use of iron in hemoglobin, collagen
    Copper
  25. What vitamin/mineral has the following deficiencies;

    -Lack of Rhodopsin
     = night blindness

    -Keritization
    Viti A
  26. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies; 

    -Rockets
    -ostermalacia

    -Osterperosis
    Viti D
  27. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -premature birth
    -liver, gull bladder, pancreas disease.
    -premature babies become anemic (erythrocyte hemolysis)
    Viti E
  28. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -New borns defficieint-need shot right
    after birth
    Vitit K
  29. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -scurvy
    -breakdown of collegen
    -loss of appetite
    -growth
    -swollen ankles
    -red spots on skin
    -cessation
    -tenderness
    -weakness
    -bleeding gums
    -lack of iron absorbtion
    Viti C
  30. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -lack of energy
    -cracked corner of mouth
    -Beriberi
    syndrome
    -swollen tongue
    -teary,
    bloodshot eyes
    -wernicke-korsakoff syndrome from alcholace
    Thamin B1
  31. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -Skin lesion
    -mouth (craked corners)
    -smooth tongue
    Riboflavin
  32. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -Pellagra (eating only corn). Result: Diarrhea
    dermatitis, dementia, death. The “4 D’s”
    Niacin  (B3)
  33. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    NTD (neural tube deficiency)
    -Anemia
    -Weak immunity
    -weak digestive track
    -Spinal bifida
    Folate
  34. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -Degeneration of peripheral never progression to paralysis.
    -depression
    • -Anemia
    • -fatigue






    Vitamin B12
  35. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -dermatitis
    -anemia
    -depression
    -confusion
    -abnormal brain waves
    -convulsions
    Vitamin B6
  36. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -osteoporosis
    Calcium
  37. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -muscle cramps
    -mental apathy
    -loss of appetite
    Sodium
  38. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -low potassium + high salt intake = HTN….heart failure
    potassium
  39. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -Anemia
    -slows metabolism
    -pale skin
    Iron
  40. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -occurs in pregnant women, young children and elderly
    -growth retardation
    -sexual maturation
    -hair loss
    -eye and skin lesions
    -altered taste
    -appetite loss
    -delay wound healing
    -digestive
    -dysfunction
    Zink
  41. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -heart
    disease
    Selenium
  42. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;

    -elevated bold sugar levels
    Chomium
  43. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;
  44. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;
  45. What mineral/Vitamin has the following deficiencies;
  46. What is caused by this toxicity?

    -increases
    calcium levels  = kidney & heart
    failure
    Vitii D
  47. What is caused by this toxicity?

    -Increases
    calcium concentrations = heart and kidney failure
    Viti E
  48. What is caused by this toxicity?
    -Jaundice
    Viti K
  49. What is caused by this toxicity?
    -kidney
    diseased people = gout
    -kidney
    stones
    -increase
    iron absorbtion
    Viti C
  50. What is caused by this toxicity?

     flush (redness of skin)
    Niacin
  51. What is caused by this toxicity?

    B12 definciency
    Folate
  52. What is caused by this toxicity?

    -Urinary
    stones
    -kidney
    dysfunction
    -interference of absorption of other minerals
    Calcium
  53. What is caused by this toxicity?
  54. What is caused by this toxicity?

    Kidney disease
    Phosphorus
  55. What is caused by this toxicity?

    edema
    & hypertension
    -hyponatremia
    (dehydration)
    -HTN
    -Increase
    BP
    Sodium
  56. What is caused by this toxicity?

    Only
    from suppliments;
    -muscle
    weakness
    -vomiting
    -cardiac
    arrest
    Potassium
  57. What is caused by this toxicity?

    over consumption = Goiter
    Iodine
  58. What is caused by this toxicity?

    fatigue
    Depression
    -abdominal
    pain
    -liver
    failure
    -heart failure
    Iron
  59. What is caused by this toxicity?

    over
    50mg ;
    -vomiting
    -Diarrhea
    -headaches
    -exhaustion
    -inhibits iron absorption
    Zink
  60. What is caused by this toxicity?

    From
    supplements only
    -hair
    loss
    -brittle nails
    Selenium
  61. What is caused by this toxicity?

    Food sources are safe; industrial sources are
    toxic
    Chromium
  62. What is caused by this toxicity?

    Wilsons Disease:
    Copper

    Copper builds up in liverand brain
  63. What is caused by this toxicity?
  64. What is caused by this toxicity?

    supplements only
      *hair loss
      *weak bones
    *birth defects
    Viti A

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