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A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of its founder, the prophet Muhammad.
The removal of salt from ocean water.
A riverbed that remains dry except during the rainy season.
Petroleum that has not been processed yet.
A plant that converts crude oil into many useful products.
The holiest city of Islam.
A pilgrimage to the holiest city of Islam (Mecca) that every Muslim is expected to take at least once in their lifetime.
Religious leaders control the government. (Rulers relied on religious law and consulted with religious scholars on running the country).
A place of worship for Muslims. (Also called masjid).
Also called the Wailing Wall (although not by most Jews), it is a place where Jews come to pray at the holiest site in Jerusalem.
A kind of oil that is trapped in the pores of rocks below the ground. It is a source of gasoline and many other products.
A narrow body of water connecting 2 larger bodies of water.