Chapter 35&36 Test APUSH

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  1. Korematsu vs US
    a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II, the Supreme Court deemed Executive Order 9066 constitutional
  2. Executive Order 9066
    authorized the Secretary of War and the U.S. Armed Forces to declare military areas from which any or all persons may be excluded. Did not specify nationality or ethnic group but led to the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps
  3. Henery J. Kaiser
  4. WPB
    a government agency established to regulate production and allocation of materials and fuel during the war; converted and expanded peacetime industries to meet war needs and rationed important materials
  5. Farmers
  6. Office of Price Administration
    Placed limits on the prices business could charge.
  7. Black Market
    Rationing lead to the creation of the black market.
  8. WLB
    Put a ceiling on wage increases.
  9. Success of Labor Unions
    Membership grew to 13 million memebers.
  10. United Mine Workers
    Under John L. Lewis, they walked out several times.
  11. Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act
    Authorized the government to seize and take up business held up by strikes.
  12. Four Freedoms
    FDR speech that called on the nation to protect the four freedoms "freedom of speech, worship, from want, and from fear."
  13. Women in Army
    216,000 women enlisted in noncombat roles. (WAAC's, WAVES, & SPARES)
  14. Braceros
    Mexican agriculture workers who ,under the agreement between America and Mexico, crossed the border to harvest crops.
  15. Women Workers
    Six Million women work outside the home.
  16. Women Workers - Rosie the Riveter
    Most recogonizable face in WWII. cultural icon representing the American woman who worked in factories, these women took the jobs of men while the men were in the military.
  17. South African American Migration
    1.6 million Southern African Americans migrate North because of Jim Crow Laws and segregation.
  18. A. Phillip Randolph - "Negro March on Washington"
    Head of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Wanted equal rights in the armed forces for African Americans.
  19. Fair Employment Practice Commission (FEPC)
    Monitor complince with no discrimination in defense industry.
  20. Double V
    For African Americans: a victory over fascism abroad and AND a victory over segregation at home
  21. NAACP
    Membership rose 1/2 million
  22. Congress of Racial Equality
    Militant organization to ensure black rights.
  23. Mechanical Cotton Picker
    Did the work of 50 people at 1/8th the cost. Caused 5 million black tenent farmers to move up north.
  24. Native Americans Migrating to Cities
    War prompted migration from reservations
  25. Native Americans in Armed Forces
    Navajo Code Talkers
  26. Zoot Suit Riot
    Series of riots that broke out in CA becuase of the robberies of policemen.
  27. Wartime Prosperity
    • War ended the depression. 
    • 1940 GDP >$1 billion
    • 1945 GDP <$2 billion
  28. Location of Japanese Attacks
    Burma, Hong Kong, etc.
  29. Philippines
    Invaded by Japan December 8,1941. General MacArthur Allied force leader.
  30. Bataan Death March
    American soldiers (MacArthur's men) were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors.
  31. Battle of Coral Sea
    Allied naval and air power stopped the Japanese advance and also relieved Australia from the threat of invasion. This victory was followed by the Battle of Midway Island.
  32. General Douglass MacArthur
    General Douglas MacArthur Commander of the US forces in the Philippine Islands who directed the Allied occupation of Japan
  33. Battle of Midway
    In this battle the US destroyed Japanese aircraft carriers and ended Japanese offensive in the Pacific Theater; turning point
  34. Victory Disease
  35. Guadlcanal
    1st US defensive move
  36. New Guinea
  37. Leapfrogging
    WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan.
  38. Great Marianas Turkey Shoot
    Destoryed 243 Jap Planes
  39. Battle of Philppine Sea
    US Navy sunk Jap naval carriers.
  40. Suicide Cliff
    Island of Saipans in Marianas, suicide of Jap suriviors
  41. German Submarine Warfare & US Shipping
    German wolfpacks attacked US Shipping
  42. Land-air war (Cologne)
  43. El Alamein
  44. Stalingard - September 1942
    Red Army stopped Hitlers Eastern Offensive
  45. Second  Front
    The fight against Germany on the West
  46. Mediterranean Campaign
    Allies move from Tunisa to Sicily to Italy.
  47. North Africa
    Allies move troops to Sicily then Italy.
  48. Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Commander of Allied Forces
  49. Casablance Conference
    FDR & Churchill meet and decide unconditional surrender is the only option for the axis powers. They want them to give up with no conditions.
  50. Sicily
    Allies attack Sicily from Italy.
  51. Fall of Mussolini
    He is taken out of power.
  52. Italy Surrenders
    After allied invasion
  53. Rome falls
    June 5, 1944.
  54. Teheran Conference
    Churhchill, Stalin, & FDR decide upon a 2nd front.
  55. D-Day
    June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II. Patton initially in control of an entirely fake base and army in Calais so that US could surprise attack the Germans.
  56. Election of 1944
    • Repub: Dewey
    • ****Dem: FDR (4th win)
  57. Battle of Bulge
    Stopped at Batsogone stopped German forces
  58. Genocide and Holocaust
    Begin in 1941
  59. Death of Hitler
    April 5, 1945; Hitler kills himself.
  60. Death of FDR
    APril 1945
  61. V-E Day
    May 8, 1945 Victory in Europe Day.
  62. Fire Bomb Raids
    Destoryed a quarter of the city in Tokoyo and killed 83,000.
  63. General MacArthur
    Returns to the Philippines in 1944.
  64. Battle of Leyte Gulf
    Allows America to regain control over the Philippenes.
  65. Iwo Jima
    Japanese homeland
  66. Okinawa
    Mainland Japan
  67. Kamikazes
    Sunk thirty ships.
  68. Potsdam Conference
    Discuss the spread of communism; Stalin promises nothing.
  69. Manhatten Project
    Worked on by Albert Einstein, a German scientist who created the atom bomb.
  70. Hiroshima
    Aug 6, 1945
  71. Nagasaki
    August 9, 1945
  72. Japanese Surrender Condition
    Unconditional Surrender
  73. VJ Day
    Victory in Japan Day
  74. Penicillin
    First deveopled in WWII due to fear of biological war fare.
  75. Best Fought War
    America considers WWII there best fought war.
  76. Military Leaders
    MacArthur, Patton, & Eisenhower
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Chapter 35&36 Test APUSH
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