Phlebotomy Terminology ( cont. )

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Phlebotomy Terminology ( cont. )
2014-04-13 01:24:28

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  1. Electrocardiogram
    Tracing of the heart's activities
  2. Empathy
    Objective awareness. The recognition of and entering into the feelings of another person.
  3. Endothelium
    The layer of epithelial cells that lines the cavities of the heart and of the blood and lymph vessels
  4. Epithelium
    Cellular substances of skin and mucous membrane
  5. Erythrocytes
    Mature red blood cells formed in the bone marrow
  6. Femoral
    Pertaining to the femur. The femoral vein and artery are located in the groin
  7. Fibrin
    Protein substance produced by the elements of the blood and tissues which form a network as the base of clots
  8. Fistula
    The attachment of a vein to an artery to change the flow of blood. Most commonly seen in dialysis patients
  9. Frothing
    Bubbles caused by improper venipuncture technique
  10. Gauge
    The diameter of a needle. The recommended ga. for VP is 20- 21 ga.
  11. Geriatric
    Pertaining to the treatment of the aged
  12. Glucose
    A sugar. The most important carbohydrate in body metabolism.
  13. Great Sephenous
    The longest vein in the body
  14. Hema
    Prefix indicating blood
  15. Hematocrit
    The volume percentage of erythrocytes in whole blood
  16. Hematology
    The study of blood and blood forming tissues
  17. Hematoma
    A localized collection of blood, usually clotted, in an organ space or tissue due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel. It is most commonly caused by improper venipuncture technique.
  18. Hemo
    Prefix meaning blood
  19. Hemoconcentration
    The concentration of blood due to prolong application of a tourniquet
  20. Hemolysis
    Destruction of red blood cells with the liberation of hemoglobin which diffuses into the surrounding fluid
  21. Hemostasis
    • The stoppage of normal blood flow
    • Ex: if a blood test is to be drawn " without stasis", it is to be drawn ¬†without a tourniquet
  22. Hepatitis
    Inflammation of the liver of virus or toxic origin
  23. Hyperglycemia
    Abnormally increased amount of sugar or glucose in the blood
  24. Hypoglycemia
    Abnormally decreased amount of sugar or glucose in the blood
  25. Incoherent
    Unable to think or express ones thoughts clearly
  26. Incontinent
    Unable to control bladder and/or bowels
  27. Inferior Vena Cava
    The principal vein draining the lower portion of the body
  28. Insulin
    A Hormone secreted by the pancreas concerned with metabolism of glucose in the body
  29. Iodine
    A solution which is an agent effective in the destruction of bacteria
  30. Lanoxin
    A drug for cardiac patients
  31. Lethargic
    A condition of drowsiness or indifference
  32. Leukemia
    A disease characterized by excessive amounts of WBC'S
  33. Lipemia
    Abnormal amounts of fat in the blood
  34. Liver
    Largest organ in the body vitally concerned with metabolism, blood clotting and protein manufacture.
  35. Lumen
    The space within an artery , vein or tube; the open part of the vein through which blood flows
  36. Median Cubital Vein
    The major vein of the antecubital fossa most commonly used for venipuncture
  37. Metacarpal Veins
    Veins in the hands
  38. Metatarsal Veins
    Veins in the feet
  39. Myelosuppression
    Inhibiting bone marrow activity, resulting in decreased production of blood cells and platelets
  40. Myocardial Infarction
    Blockage of the muscular tissue of the heart ( heart attack)
  41. Neonatal
    Pertaining to the first 6 weeks of life
  42. Nosocomial
    Hospital acquired infections
  43. Palpate
    to examine by touch
  44. Pancreas
    An endocrine gland which produces insulin
  45. Patency
    The state of being feely open
  46. Pathology
    The scientific study of the nature of disease
  47. Peripheral Blood
    Blood obtained from the outer surface of the body
  48. Phlebo
    Prefix meaning vein
  49. Phelbology
    The study of veins and their diseases
  50. Plasma
    The clear, yellowish fluid portion of blood in which cells are suspended
  51. Platelets (Thrombocytes)
    Cellular components in the blood that aids in its coagulation
  52. Prandial
    Pertaining to a meal
  53. Pulmonary Artery
    An artery in which blood travels directly from the heart to the lungs
  54. Pulmonary Veins
    Four veins which returns oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
  55. Radial Artery
    The artery located in the wrist
  56. Renal
    Pertaining to the kidney(s)
  57. Sclerosed
    Hardened and/or thickened, as in the wall of a damaged vein
  58. Serum
    Clear watery fluid which separates from blood when it clots
  59. Shunt
    An artificially created passage to change the flow of fluids; to divert flow from one main route to another
  60. Spleen
    Organ situated in the left upper part of the abdomen which manufactures, stores and destroys
  61. Super Vena Cava
    The principal vein draining the upper portion of the body
  62. Syncope
  63. Synovial Fluids
    Fluid from the joints
  64. Thrombocytes
  65. Thrombosis
    Formation of a clot within a blood vessel
  66. Transfixion
    The act of piercing through an object with a pointed weapon.
  67. Urinalysis
    The examination and analysis of urine
  68. Vascular
    Pertaining to the blood vessel
  69. Vein
    Blood vessels carrying blood to the heart, except for the pulmonary veins, which carry oxygenated blood
  70. Venipuncture
    The act of puncturing a vein to obtain a blood sample
  71. Venous Blood
    Blood obtained from a vein; oxygen-depleted blood which is darker than arterial blood
  72. Venous Return
    The amount of blood obtained returning to the artia of the heart
  73. Ventricle
    A small cavity, such as one of the lower chambers of the heart
  74. Whole Blood
    Blood containing all components. ALso referred to as Macro Method Technique