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What does the Five Factor Model study?
the components/makeup of personalities
What is personality?
it is enduring and able to sustain itself throughout life and life stages (determines how outgoing, bubbly and inviting you are or how cold, self-centered and demeaning you are)
What is a personality trait?
how you usually interact with others but can be temporarily altered based on your current "state" of mind (can over-shadow or overwhelm you for a short period of time)
What are personality factors?
help make predictions of how one trait may coincide with another trait (example: outgoing goes with sociable, good humor, adaptable, and talkative)
How do cultures relate to personality?
- the closer the cultures are to each other, the more similar their personalities
- european and american (outgoing, open and antagonistic)
- asian and african (introverted, traditional(less open to new ideas), complient)
What are the five factors in the Five Factor Model?
What does research say about conscientiousness and agreeableness?
increases across adulthood for both men and women
What is a personality state?
short term characteristic of a person (being in a mood that is temporary)
What does research say about neuroticism?
decreases across adulthood for women
What does research say about openness?
increases and then decreases across adulthood for both men and women
What does research say about extraversion?
increases for both men and women but decreases for women over time
How do men compare to women on neuroticism?
men are lower on neuroticism across the life-span compared to women who start off high and become less neurotic with age
How do men compare to women on openness?
openness levels increase from high school to shortly after college for both men and women (men more open than women)
How do men compare to women on extraversion?
women more extraverted than men overall