how stress affects us and the theories that support it
What is stress?
physical, cognitive, and emotional responses to demands from the environment. events leading up to demands, or individual's perception of the demands
What is the response-oriented theory?
based on the "fight or flight" reaction for stress that involve the general adaptation syndrome: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
What is alarm?
bodily reaction prepping for flight or fight (physically energizing)
What is resistance?
holding the reigns of bodily "alarm" prep and can result in recovery: managing the stress and pushing through(ideal outcome)
What is exhaustion?
death by stress(worst case) stress pushes body to its limits(go into massive sleep mode)
What is the stimulus-oriented theory?
focuses on life-changing events, any event, that requires adaptation
What are the types of stress?
short term, chronic, major, and daily stressors
What are short term life events?
have definite beginnings and ends(cause immediate problem)
What are chronic life strains?
continuous and ongoing (cause most health problems) examples: illness, disability, long-term unemployment, poverty, discrimination (tend to erode social relationships)
What are daily stressors?
meetings, traffic (occur more frequently-immediate effects that accumulate, might have more effect on health than chronic strains)
What types of stress do women deal with more often?
things that happen to those in their social or family circles with the fear that someone in their social or family circle won't like them or think they are good enough if they don't help in the right way (women experience the most stress)
How do women respond to stress?
"tend and befriend" tend (clean and organize things: stress releaser) befriend (women turn to other women and close friends) (express more love to those in their lives)
What types of stress do men deal with more often?
issues at work and/or school with a focus on financial concerns
How do men respond to stress?
either stay and fight or prepare to run away "flight" (become argumentative with anyone)
How do young adults respond to stress in comparison to older adults?
young adults report having the highest amount of stress and older adults report having the lowest amount (older adults are better copers to the stress they encounter whereas young adults are better able to physically handle the stress)