Why were the colonists primarily upset with Great Britain and seeking their own independence?
Great Britain started passing several unpopular tax laws on the colonists and taking away their rights
What does taxation without representation mean?
It means the colonists were being taxed by Great Britain without having a say in it from many miles away - the colonists were not represented in the British government
What men signed the Declaration of Independence?
Ben Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson and John Hancock
What did the Declaration of Independence state?
Why the colonies should be free from Great Britain (England)
Who rode into Lexington, MA warning the colonists/minutemen that the British were coming and starting the first battle of the American Revolution?
Paul Revere and William Dawes
What time frame was the American Revolution?
1760s - 1800s
Britain needed to raise money so they started doing what?
Taxing colonial imports
What was the Stamp Act?
Colonists had to pay a tax every time they bought a newspaper, pamphlet, or signed a legal document - the money from this tax was sent straight to England
What is the Quartering Act?
Forced colonists to provide food and shelter for British soldiers.
What is treason? What is a person called who commits treason?
the betrayal of one's country - a traitor
What was the Sons of Liberty?
Colonists who formed together to fight and protest the unfair taxes
What did Samuel Adams do?
He wrote newspaper articles attacking the Stamp Act and formed the Committee of Correspondence - he was a patriot
What were the Townshend Acts?
Named after Charles Townshend, this law taxed tea, paper, glass, lead, and paint imported from Britain
What does boycott mean?
to not buy taxed goods, to not do business with a person, group, or country
Powerful way to get companies or government to change their policies - because they aren't making money
What was the Daughters of Liberty?
Colonist women who joined together to boycott the Townshend Acts
What was the Boston Massacre?
The British sent soldiers to Boston to control the colonists - the colonists didn't like it - Crispus Attucks (African who escaped slavery), spoke out against the British, the British killed Attucks and 4 other men
What was the Committees of Correspondence?
Samuel Adams encouraged all of the colonies (except Pennsylvania) to form together to discuss important political events with each other
What was the Tea Act and Boston Tea Party? How was Abigail Adams involved?
Britain repealed the Townshend Act, but still kept a tax on tea. A British ship carrying tea for sale came into the Boston Harbor and Abigail Adams led several colonists to board the ships and dump all of the tea overboard
The British government shut down the Boston Harbor after the tea party and the colonists called those actions the Intolerable Acts.
TRUE OR FALSE
What was the first Continental Congress?
Delegates from each colony (except Georgia) met in Philadelphia to protest the Intolerable Acts - they sent a petition to King George III
What is a petition?
A written request signed by many people
To fight the Intolerable Acts, delegates from each colony did what?
1) stopped trade with Britain
2) told colonies to gather minutemen to fight the British
What is a minuteman?
Men ready to battle the British at a minute's notice
What is a militia?
A military force made up of volunteers
What was the significance of the Sugar Act?
it was the first of several acts that took away rights of the colonists like being considered innocent until proven guilty and right to a trial by jury
What is a political cartoon? Did the 13 colonies write them?
A drawing that expresses a cartoonist's opinion about people, political events, or other issues. They deal with serious issues in a humorous way. They give the reader something to think about or something to laugh about. YES THE COLONISTS WROTE POLITICAL CARTOONS
What were the names of the first battles of the American Revolution? Did any colonists die?
Battle of Lexington and Battle of Concord - Yes members of the colony militias died
Who led the colony militia's in the first battles?
What is a musket?
a gun used by colonists in the militia - made from old gun parts - they didn't work in the rain or at long distance
One of Patrick Henry's most famous sayings that inspired colonists to break from Britain is:
Give me liberty or give me death!
What was Fort Ticonderoga Falls?
It was a main British supply post that milita members Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold took over with the Green Mountain Boys - without any bloodshed they captured British cannons and cutoff british support from Canada
What was the Battle of Bunker Hill?
It was a British victory after the colonists retreated, but the battle cost the lives of 1000 British soldiers and 400 colonists. It showed the colonists they could fight Britain though - gave them power and motivation
After the Battle of Bunker Hill, many colonists had to decide whether to be _____________ or _________________.
Patriots or Loyalists
What were Loyalists?
People who remained loyal to Britain, didn't necessarily like British policies but favored peaceful forms of protest - many still had family in Britain and wanted to continue to trade with Britain
What were Patriots?
They supported the fight for Americans independence from Britain
Who were the question marks?
Mostly Quakers, supported peace, and opposed all war, they didn't take sides between the Patriots and Loyalists
On which date was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 4, 1776
What is the first truth mentioned in the Declaration of Independence?
All men are created equal
Which unalienable rights does the Declaration of Independence acknowledge?
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What does the Declaration of Independence say people have the right to do when a government becomes destructive?
They have the right to take over the government and abolish it and start a new government
Why is the declaration of independence one of the most important documents in the history of our nation?
It was how the USA gained freedom and independence from Britain and it established the ideals our country stands for
After the initial battles of Lexington and Concord, the 2nd Continental Congress of colonists met and formed the Continental Army to fight Britain. Who was the commander?
The 2nd Continental Congress also formed what and asked who for help?
A post office and asked European countries for help
What was the Olive Branch petition?
The colonists last attempt to settle things peacefully with Britain. The petition was sent to King George asking the king to end the Intolerable Acts and fighting.
Would King George even read the Olive Branch petition?
After King George refused to read the Olive Branch petition, what city did the colonists take back from British control and who led them?
They took Boston back in control and the colonists were led by General Washington
What was the pamphlet called Common Sense written for the colonists?
It said the colonists owed no loyalty to an unjust ruler - written by Thomas Paine - told the colonists they should seek independence