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What is a psychiatrist?
a medical doctor and the only and the only mental health professionals who can prescribe medicine
What is a clinical psychologist?
- have doctoral degress
- use different theapeutic approaches depending on training and diagnosis
What are counseling psychologists?
deal with less severe mental problems
What are psychoanalyst?
may or may not be psychiatrists, but follow the teachings of Freud and practice psychoanylsis and other psychodynamic theapries
What are clinical pr psychiatric social workers?
have masters degrees in social work
What do psychoanlytics believes causes abnormal behavior?
unconscious internal conflicts, possibly stemming from early childhood trauma
How do Psychoanytics treat abnormal behavior?
help paitients gain insight into their unconscious conflicts; does not offer a cure
What did hippocrates propose about abnormal behavior?
psychological have physical causes for which he prescribed rest, controlled diets, and abstience from sex and alchohol
What did Galen believe?
medicine was need to treat abnormal behavior, which he thought was an inbalance of in the 4 bodily humors
What is deinstitutionalism?
removing patients from mental hospitals who were not considered a threat to themselves or the community
What is free association?
therapist sits behind patient and asks them to say whatever comes to mind
What is resistance?
blocking of anxiety provoking feelings and experiences
What is transference?
treating the anlayst as someone important in their past
What is Catharsis?
the release of emotional tension after remembering an emotionally charged experience from the past
What is modern psychodynamic psychotherapy?
- less frequent
- client sits up and talks to therapist
What is interpersonal psychotherapy?
focouses on current relations to relieve present symptoms
What do humanists believe is the cause of abnormal behavior?
poor self concept as a result of conditions of worth
How does humanistic therapy treat abnormal behavior?
reduce the discrepancy between the real and ideal self
What the goal of client centered thearpy?
- provide atomsphere of acceptance (unconditional positive regard)
- understanding (empathy)
- achieve self actualization
What was Carl rodger's therapy?
- unconditional postive regard
- active listening
- show sensitivity and genuineness
What is active listening?
echocing, restating, and seeking clarification of what client says
What is gesalt therapy?
push clients to decide whether they will allow past conflicts to control their future or whether they will chose right now and take control of their own destiny
What do behaviorist believe causes abnormal behavior?
learned maladaptive behavior through faulty contingencies of reinforcement
What is the goal of behavioral therapy?
unlearn maladaptive behavior and replace it with more adaptive behavior
What does the cognitive approach believe is the cause of abnormal behavior?
irrational and faulty thought processes
What is the goal of congnitve therapy?
- cognitive reconstructing by replacing irrational thoughts with more rational ones
- changing negative thoughts to more positive ones
What does the biological approach believe is the cause of abnormal behavior?
- imbalance of neurotransmitters, hormones
- genetic predisposition and other brain abnormalities
What is biological treatment?
- use drugs to restore blance
- electroconvulsive shock treatment
What is systematic desensitization?