Card Set Information
A group of neuron cell bodies in the PNS (128)
Cells within PNS & CNS
external to neurons
form an essential part of nerve tissue
The connecting point b/w nerve cells or b/w a nerve cell and a receptor or effector cell.
paralysis of the lower extremities and often the lower trunk of the body.
paralysis of one side of the body.
paralysis of one side of the body
white envelope of cells providing
the inner surface of the heart
the outer covering of the heart
serous membrane lining the pericardial cavity (peri- = surrounding)
the heart muscle
includes nerves and blood vessels
to the tissues
inflammation of the kidney
inflammation of the bladder
inflammation of a ureter
inflammation of the urethra
inflammation of the gallbladder
chronic disease of the liver
of the liver
wave-like muscular contractions that move food along in the digestive tract
act of belching or burping gas up from the stomach
absence of breathing
abnormal slowness of respiration
abnormal rapid respiration.
slight muscle paralysis
abnormal hardening condition
a plaque of fatty tissue (p. 190)
localized tissue death
part of the stomach lying above the cardia notch (265)
word used to describe the bottom of each lung (238)
word used to describe the upper tip of each lung (238)
Normal apical pulse for a teenager.
What is a thrill?
Nine modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
reg physical activity
eating fruits & veggies
Which valve closures are louder at base of heart?
S2 (semilunar) is louder than S1 (AV valve, carotid artery pulse)
How is blood returned to the heart (venous BF)?
skeletal muscles contract & milk it back
breathing causes a pressure gradient (inspiration decreases thoracic pressure & increases abdominal pressure)
intraluminal valves ensure unidirectional flow
Normal PV changes in aging adults.
Peripheral BV more rigid (arteriosclerosis) = increase in systolic BP
enlargement of intramuscular calf veins
immobility, HF = risk DVT & pulm embolism
less lymph nodes due to loss of lymph tissue
What is a modified Allen test used for?
to evaluate adequacy of collateral circulation before cannulating the radial artery
curvature shows when standing & bending fwd
apparent when standing
disappears w/ fwd bending
Herniated nucleus pulposus.
nucleus pulposus (ctr of intervertebral disk) ruptures into spinal canal & puts pressure on the local spinal nerve root
What causes sciatic pain with herniated nucleus pulposus?
straight leg raises
head of femur is displaced out of cup-shaped acetabulum
3 bones of the knee.
What causes decreased ht as we age?
shortening of vertebral column caused by
loss of water content & thinning of intervertebral disks, and
osteoporosis (decrease in ht of individual vertebrae)
crunching or grating that accompanies movement
occurs when articular surfaces in joints are roughened (RA)
Loss of bone MATRIX
Inward curvature of spine
abnormal lateral curvature of thoracic & lumbar, usually with some rotation
Curving of spine that causes rounding of back (hunchback)
stiffness or fixation of a joint
due to abnormal adhesion s& rigidity of bones at the joing
Where are the liver, duodenum, & gallbladder located?
Where is the sigmoid colon located?
Changes in GI system of aging adult.
decrease in gastric acid secretion
-increased risk of pernicious anemia
-iron deficiency anemia
-malabsorption of Ca++
What to ask about discharge (vaginal)?
color (white, yellow-grn, gray)
associated w/ itching, rash, pain w/ sex?
What causes thick, white, curdlike discharge?
Candiasis (Moniliasis): intense pruritis
Severe perineal itching, excoriations & erythematous areas, usually localized in pubic hair.
Pediculosis Pubis (crab lice)
Red rash, primary lesion is red, swollen vesicles, then may have weeping of lesions, crusts, scales, thickening of skin, excoriations from scratching.
Painless warty growths, may be unnoticed by woman. Pink/flesh colored, soft, pointed, moist, warty papules.
HPV (genital warts)
Single or multiple cauliflower-like patch around vulva, introitus, anus, vagina, cervix.
HPV (genital warts)
Clusters of small, shallow vesicles with surrounding erythema that erupt on genitals & inner thighs.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
Clusters of vesicles accompanied by episodes of local pain, dysuria, & fever (inguinal adenopathy, edema).
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
Length of infection of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2.
Initial = 1-7 days
Recurrent = 3-10 days w/ milder symptoms
number of PREGNANCIES
number of BIRTHS
Why do the changes in menopause occur?
generally b/c cells in reproductive tract are estrogen dependent
What causes anal pain with BM?
hemorrhoids (swollen tissue sticks out from anus)
S/S of fecal impaction.
constipation or diarrhea
abdominal cramping & bloating
An abnormal growth of tissue projecting from a mucous membrane
Intense perianal itching manifested by red, raised, thickened, excoriated skin around the anus.
Dry & brittle around anus; swollen & moist with intense itching.
A fecal impaction is a collection of hard, desiccated feces in the rectum which often results from decreased ______ where _______ is reabsorbed from the stool
Meatus opens on dorsal (upper) side of glans or shaft above a broad, spade-like penis.
_______ is associated with urinary incontinence and pubic bone separation.
Common symptoms of urethral stricture.
gradual decrease in force of urine
forms pointy tip with tiny oraface
abnormal narrowing of urethra
pinpoint, constricted opening at meatus or inside along urethra
Urethral meatus opens on ventral (under) side of glans, shaft, or at penoscrotal junction.
Groove from meatus to normal location at tip of penis.
Bowel sac herniates through internal inguinal ring, can remain in canal or pass into scrotum.
Type of hernia in which there is pain with straining.
Type of hernia that is usually painless.
Type of hernia that is behind and through the EXTERNAL inguinal ring.
Type of hernia which rarely enters the scrotum.
Type of hernia in which pain may be SEVERE.
Type of hernia which is usually on the right side.
Some normal neurological changes of aging.
inability to identify vibrations at the ankle or
position of big toe
slower more deliberate gait
slightly impaired tactile sensation
Lightheadedness AND vertigo
A whirling or spinning movement
Sequence for neurologic exam.
(position person sitting up w/ head @ eye level)
Components of Neurologic recheck exam.
3 behaviors rated on GCS.
Perform this on people who have neurologic deficits & require periodic assessments.
neurologic recheck exam