encompasses all the things you might think, feel, and do in response to stressful events
What is problem-focused coping?
directly addressing stressor/issue (problem seems like you have some control over how it turns out) example: studying, going to class, and taking good notes to directly address finals
What is emotion-focused coping?
trying to manage emotions/feelings about our stressors/issues (example: substance use, wishful thinking, denial, humor, exercise, venting to counteract panic, anxiety, fear of finals) venting alone is emotion focused
What is social coping?
seeking help from others (instrumental/hands on help and emotional support/expressing yourself to someone) venting with someone is social coping
What is meaning-focused coping?
reframing understanding of the stressful situation (acceptance)
What is religious coping?
using religious or spiritual beliefs to reduce stress (pray, go to church)
can be positive (god will take care of me, higher purpose in suffering)