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Describe in your own words teratogens and be able to identify examples of teratogens discussed in class and their effects on prenatal development
- Teratogens: anything that effects the fetus during grow.
- example: drugs, alcohol, chemical substances
Describe the time markers in pregnancy for the zygote, embryonic, and fetal periods and discuss the general developmental activities of each
- zygote: 2 weeks
- embryonic stage: 3 weeks to 8 weeks
- fetus: 8 weeks to birth
Describe in your own words cephalocaudal and proximodistal developmental growth patterns
head down development... their body will fill in from the head, and then work its way down
- proximodistal development: growth from the center to outward.
- making the limbs, and chest grow longer
Describe the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome: mental retardation, physical differences, underweight, excessive crying
Recite the definition of accommodation and assimilation and discuss their differences
- accommodation: creating a new schema/file of information.
- example: seeing a horse for the first time
- assimilation: including new information into an existing schema/file of information
- example: seeing a zebra and calling it a horse
Be able to recognize examples of accommodation and assimilation
Recite Piaget’s four stages of development in order, and describe the characteristics, abilities, and typical errors of each
Be able to recognize examples (and errors that children make) of object permanence, animism, egocentrism and conservation and know what Piagetian stage they occur in
Object permanence: the act of remembering an object... with babies before they achieve object permanence, out of sight, out of mind... when a baby doesn't see the object, they forget about it
Anaimism: they believe objects have intentions... such as believing a wall wanted to hurt them.
egocentrism: they believe that everyone can see, hear, and think like them
conservation: water in one cup, is the same volume as water in another cup
Describe the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions of Harlow’s study of attachment in monkeys.