Infection Control TEST REVIEW

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SkinCareSpecialist
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270229
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Infection Control TEST REVIEW
Updated:
2014-04-11 16:59:31
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Infection Control TEST REVIEW Chapter 2A 5F
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Infection Control - TEST REVIEW Chapter 2A and Chapter 5F
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  1. Why study infection control?
    to prevent contamination and the spread of disease
  2. What does MSDS stand for?
    Material Safet Data Sheets
  3. What are the two types of disinfectants?
    Hospital and tuberculocidal
  4. What are the mehods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms?
    Infection control
  5. ______ is the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
    Infection
  6. What are the four types of potentially harmful organisms?
    Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi and Parasites
  7. _____ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
    Bacteria
  8. ______ is any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
    Microorganisms
  9. What are the primary types of bacteria?
    Pathogenic and non-pathogenic
  10. ______ bacteria are harmful microorganisms thta can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
    Pathogenic
  11. ______ are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.  They are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
    Non-pathogenic bacteria
  12. Round shaped bacteria...
    Cocci
  13. are pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes...
    Staphylococci
  14. are pus-forming bacteria arranced in curved lines resembling a string of beads.  they cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning...
    Streptococci
  15. are spherical bacteria that grow in pairs that cause diseases such as pneumonia...
    Diplococci
  16. are short rod-shaped bacteria.  They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis an ddiptheria...
    Bacilla
  17. are spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria...
    Spirilla
  18. Bacilla and spirilla are both capable of movement and use slender, hair-like extensions called ______ for locomotion (moving about).
    Flagella
  19. The life cycle of bacteria consists of two distinct phases...
    Active stage and inactive or spore-forming stage
  20. A _____, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
    Local infection
  21. ____ bacteria can be picked up on doorknobs, countertops, and other surfaces...
    Staph
  22. Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism.
    Parasites
  23. A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
    Virus
  24. When a disease spreads from one person to another person, it is said to be a _______, also known as ________.
    Contagious disease also known as communicable disease
  25. The presence, or the reasonable anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris such as dust, hair, and skin.
    Contamination
  26. The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
    Decontamination
  27. Disease causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV are called ________.
    Bloodborne pathogens
  28. How many forms of hepatitis are there?
    8 different forms
  29. _____ is a bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
    Hepatitis
  30. There are three types of hepatitis that are of concern in the salon, spa or medical facility...
    Hepatitis A, B, and C
  31. What does HIV stand for?
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  32. What does AIDS stand for?
    Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome
  33. _____ are microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews, and yeasts.
    Fungi
  34. Pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or fungi can enter the body through...
    Broken skin, the mouth, nose, eyes, ears, and unprotected sex.
  35. _____ is he process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
    Sterilization
  36. ______ are disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon or spa.
    Quats
  37. ______ are powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants.
    Phenolic
  38. is an effective disinfectant and has been used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon.
    Bleach
  39. Disinfect or dispose... there are three different types of items used in salons, they are...
    Multi-use, single-use, and porous

    (ie. multi-use - tweezers   single-use - cotton balls    porous - linens)
  40. _____ occurs when you touch an object such as gthe skin without cleaning your hands and then touch an object or product with the same hand or utensil.
    Cross contamination
  41. What are some examples of personal protective equipment (PPE).
    gloves, lab coat, etc.
  42. What layers are affected with first degree burns?
    epidermis
  43. What layers are affected with second degree burns?
    epidermis and dermis
  44. What layers are affected with third degree burns?
    all layers
  45. What layers are affected with fourth degree burns?
    all layers, muscle, ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and bones.
  46. What do you do when skin is broken (este)?
    BLEED, WASH, COVER
  47. Describe hand washing...
    use warm water, antimicrobial soap, wash for 20 seconds, pat dry, use hand lotion.

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