Infection Control TEST REVIEW

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Infection Control TEST REVIEW
2014-04-11 16:59:31
Infection Control TEST REVIEW Chapter 2A 5F

Infection Control - TEST REVIEW Chapter 2A and Chapter 5F
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  1. Why study infection control?
    to prevent contamination and the spread of disease
  2. What does MSDS stand for?
    Material Safet Data Sheets
  3. What are the two types of disinfectants?
    Hospital and tuberculocidal
  4. What are the mehods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms?
    Infection control
  5. ______ is the invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
  6. What are the four types of potentially harmful organisms?
    Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi and Parasites
  7. _____ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
  8. ______ is any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
  9. What are the primary types of bacteria?
    Pathogenic and non-pathogenic
  10. ______ bacteria are harmful microorganisms thta can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
  11. ______ are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.  They are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
    Non-pathogenic bacteria
  12. Round shaped bacteria...
  13. are pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes...
  14. are pus-forming bacteria arranced in curved lines resembling a string of beads.  they cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning...
  15. are spherical bacteria that grow in pairs that cause diseases such as pneumonia...
  16. are short rod-shaped bacteria.  They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis an ddiptheria...
  17. are spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria...
  18. Bacilla and spirilla are both capable of movement and use slender, hair-like extensions called ______ for locomotion (moving about).
  19. The life cycle of bacteria consists of two distinct phases...
    Active stage and inactive or spore-forming stage
  20. A _____, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
    Local infection
  21. ____ bacteria can be picked up on doorknobs, countertops, and other surfaces...
  22. Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism.
  23. A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms.
  24. When a disease spreads from one person to another person, it is said to be a _______, also known as ________.
    Contagious disease also known as communicable disease
  25. The presence, or the reasonable anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris such as dust, hair, and skin.
  26. The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
  27. Disease causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV are called ________.
    Bloodborne pathogens
  28. How many forms of hepatitis are there?
    8 different forms
  29. _____ is a bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
  30. There are three types of hepatitis that are of concern in the salon, spa or medical facility...
    Hepatitis A, B, and C
  31. What does HIV stand for?
    Human immunodeficiency virus
  32. What does AIDS stand for?
    Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome
  33. _____ are microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews, and yeasts.
  34. Pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or fungi can enter the body through...
    Broken skin, the mouth, nose, eyes, ears, and unprotected sex.
  35. _____ is he process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
  36. ______ are disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon or spa.
  37. ______ are powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants.
  38. is an effective disinfectant and has been used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon.
  39. Disinfect or dispose... there are three different types of items used in salons, they are...
    Multi-use, single-use, and porous

    (ie. multi-use - tweezers   single-use - cotton balls    porous - linens)
  40. _____ occurs when you touch an object such as gthe skin without cleaning your hands and then touch an object or product with the same hand or utensil.
    Cross contamination
  41. What are some examples of personal protective equipment (PPE).
    gloves, lab coat, etc.
  42. What layers are affected with first degree burns?
  43. What layers are affected with second degree burns?
    epidermis and dermis
  44. What layers are affected with third degree burns?
    all layers
  45. What layers are affected with fourth degree burns?
    all layers, muscle, ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, and bones.
  46. What do you do when skin is broken (este)?
  47. Describe hand washing...
    use warm water, antimicrobial soap, wash for 20 seconds, pat dry, use hand lotion.