Craniosynostosis and Cleft Lip

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Author:
Aleksbaron
ID:
270329
Filename:
Craniosynostosis and Cleft Lip
Updated:
2014-04-13 13:50:30
Tags:
Exam III
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Description:
exam 3 Craniosynostosis and Cleft Lip
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  1. What is the difference between hereditary and congenital?
    Hereditary: genetic passed

    Congenital: present at birth
  2. Embyryology week one is?
    Implantation
  3. Embryology week 2 is termed?
    Gastrulation
  4. Week 3 in embryology is?
    Neurulation
  5. Week 4 of embryology is?
    Cephalization
  6. What does not fuse for a unilateral cleft lip and palate?
    Maxillary process and the medial nasal process
  7. What is allometry?
    Difference in proportion
  8. Which one of the following has an autosomal recessive tranmission pattern for carniofacial dysostosis syndromes?
    Carpenter Syndrome
  9. What is Virchow's law?
    Cranial growth will occur parallel to the fused suture and reduce in the perpendicular direction
  10. If the sagittal suture fuses early you have what kind of cranial shape?
    Scaphocephaly
  11. Metopic suture fusion causes what shape?
    Trigonocephaly
  12. Treatment principles in order for major surgery:
    • 1.life preserved
    • 2.vital organs
    • 3.restore form and function

    Big operations prevail
  13. What is the bread and butter of craniofacial surgery?
    Fronto-orbital advancement and reshaping
  14. What is the most common for of craniosynostosis?
    Sagittal Synostosis
  15. What is the ratio of sagittal synostosis in male to female?
    4:1
  16. What is cephalic index?
    Cranial width/cranial length

    should be 1
  17. Which suture is only one to fuse early in infancy?
    Metopic
  18. The most common type of head deformity?
    Deformational plagiocephaly
  19. What are the 3 errors in morphogenesis?
    Malformation: genetic etiology, blueprint is wrong

    Deformation: blueprint is right, local environment is etiology, uterus impeding growth

    Disruption: something goes wrong and disrupts everything down
  20. Mortality for surgery is due to?
    Blood loss or venous air embolism
  21. Incidence of craniosynostosis?
    1/2000
  22. Celft palate repair is usually split up, timeline for lip and palatoplasty?
    • Lip 1-4 months
    • Plalate: 6-18 months

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