Rocky Flora study guide

Card Set Information

Author:
macylynn92
ID:
270386
Filename:
Rocky Flora study guide
Updated:
2014-05-09 19:02:45
Tags:
rocky flora
Folders:

Description:
Final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user macylynn92 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Achene
    dry indehisent fruit
  2. Follicle
    dry, dehiscent carpel splitting along suture
  3. Caprifoliaceae
    - leaves
    - calyx and corrolla
    - sex parts
    - fruit
    • Leaves - opposite, simple or pinnately compound leaves
    • 5 sepals and petals connate
    • 5 stamen
    • synocarpous
    • berry or drupe
  4. Ericaceae
    • Urn shaped corolla
    • open by pores
    • berry or capsul
    • Acidic Soils
    • Common at high elevation lakes
  5. Fruit
    • mature, ripened ovary
    • contains seeds
  6. Indehiscent
    seed doesn't break open
  7. Dehiscent
    • breaks into pieces but does not break open
    • or it can
    • breaks open
  8. Taxonomy
    nomenclature
    classification
    systematics
    • Taxonomy- naming, describing and classifying plants
    • Nomenclature- giving names
    • Classification- grouping plants and assigning ranks
    • Systematics- a method for classification (there are many)
  9. What are 2 ways of classifying plants?
    • Functional¬†
    • Evolutionary
  10. Convergent Evolution
    when two things totally unrelated share very similar characteristics
  11. Phylogenetic systematics
    Study of evolutionary relationships using genetics data plus morphological indices
  12. Why do names change?
    • new evolutionary data
    • rediscovery of older names
  13. What influences plant distribution (6)
    • climate
    • soils
    • herbivores
    • competition with other plants
    • History (Glaciation, etc.)
    • dispersal
  14. Native Species
    in North America prior to European Contact
  15. Weed
    An unwanted plant
  16. Invasive
    A non-native plant that grows to the exclusion of other plants
  17. Naturalized
    A non-native plant that establishes in an introduced rate and continues to exist without human intervantion
  18. Noxious Weed
    • A legal category of introduced plants
    • Designated in MT every 2 years
    • plant must cause economic or ecological harm
    • must be controlled once designated
  19. MT Noxious Weeds
    • Spotted knapweed
    • Leafy spurge
    • Dalmation toadflax
    • St. johnswort
    • houndstoungue
  20. Methods of Introduction
    • horticulture or land management
    • accidentally as contaminants with other seeds, nursery stock
  21. Why do some introduced plants become invasive?
    • pre-adaptations
    • escape natural enemies
    • novel weapons - native plants have not experienced this type of defense against introduced plant
    • Exploiting available niches - roots go deeper, grow sooner
  22. Fabaceae extra info
    • Pea, bean, legume falmily
    • economic importance
    • nitrogen fixing bacteria in their root
  23. Fabaceae's 3 subfamilies
    • Mimosoidae- regular flowers
    • Caesalpinioidae- slightly irregular flowers
    • Papillionoidae- always irregular flowers with specialized corolla
  24. Asteraceae terminology
    • Largest flowering plant family
    • head
    • receptacle
    • bracts/involucre
    • ray floret
    • disc floret
    • ligule
    • pappus

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview