Sociology Chap 8
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Sociology Chap 8
Chap 8: Social Stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
a change in position within the social hierarchy
social stratification based on ascription, or birth
social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
social stratification based on personal merit
the degree of uniformity in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality
structural social mobility?
a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts
cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality
the functional analysis claiming that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society
people who own and operate factories and other businesses in pursuit of profits
people who sell their labor for wages
the experiences of isolation and misery resulting from powerlessness
lower-prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labor
higher-prestige jobs that involve mostly mental activity
socioeconomic status (SES)?
a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality
buying and using products because of the "statement" they make about social position
earnings from work or investments
the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts
intrageneratioanls social mobility?
a change in social position occurring during a person's lifetime
intergenerational social mobility?
upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
the lack of resources of some people in relation to those who have more
a lack of resources that is life threatening
feminization of poverty?
the trend of women making up an increasing proportion of the poor
What factors in social stratification?
is a trait of society
carries over from one generation to the next
supported by a system of cultural beliefs that defines certain kinds of inequality as just
takes two general forms
: caste and class
What are factors in Caste System?
based on birth (ascription)
permit little or no social mobility
common in traditional, agrarian societies
What are factors in Class System?
based on both birth and meritocracy
permit some social mobility
common in modern industrial and postindustrial societies
What is the
marx saw people's classes defined by the