RADR 2301 Lab Projections Flash Cards

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jimmycrow
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270472
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RADR 2301 Lab Projections Flash Cards
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2014-04-13 19:31:23
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RADR 2301 Projections
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RADR 2301 Lab Projections
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  1. What is the IR size and placement for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    • 8 x 10 lengthwise in the Bucky.
    • Center IR to CR
  2. What is the CR for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    • Perpendicular to the IR.
    • Direct CR through center of open mouth
  3. What is the part positioning for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    • Adjust head with the mouth open, so that a line from the lower margin of the upper incisors to the mastoid tips is perpendicular to the IR.
    • Ensure no rotation in the head.
    • Ensure mouth as wide open
  4. What is the SID for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    40 inches
  5. What is the collimation for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    • Collimate tightly on vertical sides.
    • Collimate horizontally with enough light field for marker.
  6. What is the breathing instructions for the AP C-spine open mouth?
    Suspend respiration.
  7. What is the IR size and placement for an AP axial C-spine?
    • 8 x 10 lengthwise.
    • Vertically adjust IR to CR.
  8. What is the CR for the AP axial C-spine?
    • Angled CR 20° for upright and angled CR 15° for supine.
    • Direct CR to enter the lower margin the thyroid cartilage.
  9. What is the part placement for the AP axial C-spine?
    • Stand patient erect at Bucky with head straight.
    • Adjust head so that a line from the lower margin of upper incisors to the mastoid tips is perpendicular to IR.
  10. What is the SID for the AP axial C-spine?
    40 inches
  11. What is the collimation for the AP axial C-spine?
    Collimate vertically from chin to jugular notch and horizontally with enough light field for marker.
  12. What is the breathing instructions for the AP axial C-spine?
    • Suspend respiration.
    • Ensure patient does not swallow.
  13. What is the IR size and placement for oblique C-spine?
    • 8 x 10 or 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Vertically adjust IR to CR.
  14. What is the CR for the oblique C-spine?
    • CR 15° cephalad to lower margin of thyroid for RPO and LPO.
    • CR 15° caudad to upper margin of thyroid for RAO and LAO.
  15. What is the part position for the oblique C-spine?
    • Rotate head and body into a 45° angle to IR.
    • Protract chin and ensure head is level.
  16. What is the SID for the oblique C-spine?
    72 inches
  17. What is the collimation for the oblique C-spine?
    Collimate vertically to EAM and horizontally, to include enough light field for marker.
  18. What is the breathing instructions for the oblique C-spine?
    Suspend respiration.
  19. What is the IR size and placement for the lateral C-spine?
    • 8 x 10 are 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Center IR to CR.
    • Top of IR at top of EAR
  20. What is the CR for the lateral C-spine?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR.
    • Center vertically to EAM and horizontal to upper margin of thyroid
  21. What is the part placement for the lateral C-spine?
    • Place patient in a true lateral position to IR.
    • Ensure no rotation or tilting of head.
  22. What is the SID for the lateral C-spine?
    72 inches
  23. Was the collimation for the lateral C-spine?
    Wide open vertically and horizontally with enough light field for marker.
  24. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral C-spine?
    Suspend respiration on full expiration
  25. What is the IR size and placement for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Center IR to CR.
  26. What is the CR for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    • CR perpendicular to IR.
    • Vertically 1 inch above jugular notch and mid coronal
  27. What is the part placement for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    • Place patient erect in a true lateral to IR Bucky.
    • Raise arm closest to Bucky as high as possible.
    • Lower opposite shoulder.
    • Ensure no rotation of thorax or head.
  28. What is the SID for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    72 inches
  29. What is the collimation for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    Collimate vertically to bottom of chin and horizontally to allow light field for marker.
  30. What is the breathing instructions for the swimmers lateral C-spine?
    • Breathing technique. If possible, otherwise
    • Suspend respiration on full expiration
  31. What is the IR size and placement for the AP T-Spine?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • Top of IR 1/2 inches above shoulders.
  32. What is the CR for the AP T-Spine?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR.
    • The CR 4 inches below jugular notch at T7
    • (similar to AP chest)
  33. What is the part placement for the AP T-spine?
    • Patient is supine mid-table line.
    • Flex knees and hips to reduce OID.
    • Ensure no rotation of thorax, or pelvis.
  34. What is the SID for the AP T spine?
    40 inches
  35. What is the collimation for the AP T spine?
    Open all the way vertically and 7 to 8 inches horizontally.
  36. What is the breathing instructions for the AP T spine?
    Suspend respiration on expiration
  37. What is the IR size and placement for the lateral T spine?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • 1 to 2 inches above shoulders.
  38. What is the CR for lateral T spine?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR
    • CR level with inferior portion of scapula.
    • CR halfway between mid coronal, and vertebral spine.
  39. What is the part placement for the lateral T spine?
    • Place patient on their side into lateral position.
    • Patients arms forward in prayer position.
    • Knees and hip flexed for stability.
    • Place sponge under waist if needed for level, spinal column.
    • Place lead strip on table to reduce scatter.
  40. What is the SID for the lateral T spine?
    40 inches
  41. What is the collimation for the lateral T spine?
    Open all the way vertically and 7 inches horizontally.
  42. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral T spine?
    Use breathing technique, if possible, otherwise suspend breath after full expiration
  43. What is the IR size and placement for the AP knee?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Adjust the IR vertically to the CR
  44. What is the CR for the AP knee?
    • CR one half an inch distal to apex of patella.
    • Angle CR 5° caudad if ASIS height is less than 19 inches.
    • Angle CR 5° cephalad if ASIS height is greater than 24 inches.
    • CR perpendicular to IR. If ASIS height is 19 to 24 inches
  45. What is the part positioning for the AP knee?
    Rotate knee medially 5°
  46. What is the SID for the AP knee?
    40 inches
  47. What is the collimation for the AP knee?
    No collimation top to bottom and 2 skin margins horizontally.
  48. What is the breathing instructions for the AP knee?
    None
  49. What is the IR size and placement for the oblique knee?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Adjust the IR vertically to the CR
  50. What is the CR for the oblique knee?
    • CR mid-joint space and 1/2 inch distal to apex of patella.
    • Angle CR 5° caudad if ASIS height is less than 19 inches.
    • Angle CR 5° cephalad if ASIS height is greater than 24 inches.
    • CR perpendicular to IR. If ASIS height is 19 to 24 inches.
  51. What is the part positioning for the oblique knee?
    Rotate leg 45° medially and laterally (both projections required for comparison)
  52. What is the SID for the oblique knee?
    40 inches
  53. What is the collimation for the oblique knee?
    No collimation top to bottom and skin to skin on sides.
  54. What is the breathing instructions for the oblique knee?
    None
  55. What is the IR size and placement for the lateral knee?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Adjust IR vertically to the CR
  56. What is the CR for the lateral knee?
    • Angle CR 5° cephalad.
    • CR 1 inch distal to medial epicondyles
  57. What is the part positioning of the lateral knee?
    • Flex knees 20 to 30°.
    • Ensure knee is in true lateral position with epicondyles perpendicular to IR
  58. What is the SID for the lateral knee?
    40 inches
  59. What is the collimation for the lateral knee?
    No collimation top to bottom skin the skin horizontally.
  60. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral knee?
    None
  61. What is the IR size and placement for the PA axial knee (Camp Coventry method)?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Adjust the IR vertically to the CR
  62. What is the CR for the PA axial knee?
    • CR centered to medial popliteal crease.
    • Angulation of CR matches angulation of leg.
  63. What is the part positioning of the PA axial knee?
    • Position, the patient prone on the table.
    • Flex knee 40 to 45°
  64. What is the SID for the PA axial knee?
    40 inches
  65. What is the collimation for the PA axial knee?
    Collimate closely to 4 sides.
  66. What is the breathing instructions for the PA axial knee?
    None
  67. What is the IR size and placement for the PA patella?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Place the center of IR to the center of CR.
  68. What is the CR for the PA patella?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR.
    • Centered at popliteal crease
  69. What is the part positioning for the PA patella?
    • Position, the patient prone on the table.
    • Rotate knee medially 5°.
    • Ensure the patella is flat on the table.
  70. What is the SID for the PA patella?
    40 inches
  71. What is the collimation for the PA patella?
    Collimate to 8 inches vertically and skin to skin sites.
  72. What is the breathing instructions with a PA patella?
    None
  73. What is the IR size and placement for the lateral patella?
    • 8 x 10 lengthwise.
    • Position, the part the center of the IR
  74. What is the CR for the lateral patella?
    CR perpendicular to IR and centered to mid-patellofemoral joint space
  75. What is the part positioning for the lateral patella?
    • Patient is recumbent on affected side.
    • Unaffected knee and leg behind patient.
    • Knee is flex 5 to 10°
  76. What is the SID for the lateral patella?
    40 inches
  77. What is the collimation for the lateral patella?
    Collimate to the area of knee joint, patella, and patellofemoral joint
  78. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral patella?
    None
  79. What is the IR size and placement for the tangential patella?
    • 10 x 12 crosswise tabletop.
    • Center IR to angled CR
  80. What is the CR for the tangential patella?
    • Angle CR 20° cephalad
    • CR centered to patellofemoral joint space
  81. What is the part positioning for the tangential patella?
    • Patient is prone with knee flexed a minimum 90°.
    • Have patient hold leg steady with strap
  82. What is the SID for the tangential patella?
    40 inches
  83. What is the collimation for the tangential patella?
    Collimate closely to the patella region.
  84. What is the breathing instructions for the tangential patella?
    None
  85. What is the IR size and placement for the mid-distal femur?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • Bottom of IR placed 2 inches below knee joint
  86. What is the CR for the mid-distal femur?
    CR perpendicular to IR and centered to mid-IR
  87. What is the part positioning for the mid-distal femur?
    • Rotate leg 5° internally. (Epicondyles should be parallel to IR)
    • Ensure no rotation by checking height of both ASIS
  88. What is the SID for the mid-distal femur?
    40 inches
  89. What is the collimation for the mid-distal femur?
    No collimation top to bottom and skin to skin on sides.
  90. What is the breathing instructions for the mid-distal femur?
    None
  91. What is the IR size and placement for lateral distal femur?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • Bottom of IR placed 2 inches below knee joint
  92. What is the CR for the lateral distal femur?
    CR perpendicular to IR and centered to mid-IR
  93. What is the part positioning for the lateral distal femur?
    • Affected knee is flexed approximately 45°.
    • Unaffected knee place behind patient.
    • Check for rotation to ensure knee is in true lateral position.
  94. What is the SID for the lateral distal femur?
    40 inches
  95. What is the collimation for the lateral distal femur?
    No collimation top to bottom in skin to skin on sides.
  96. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral distal femur?
    None
  97. What is the IR size and placement for the lateral proximal femur?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • Top of IR level with ASIS
  98. What is the CR for the lateral proximal femur?
    CR is perpendicular to IR and centered to the midpoint of IR
  99. What is the part positioning for the lateral proximal femur?
    • Patient is supine with affected me flexed 45°.
    • Foot of unaffected leg placed on tabletop.
    • Patient is rolled back 15°
  100. What is the SID for the lateral proximal femur?
    40 inches
  101. What is the collimation for the lateral proximal femur?
    No collimation top to bottom and skin the skin on sides.
  102. What is the breathing instructions for the lateral proximal femur?
    Suspend respiration.
  103. What is the IR size and placement for the AP pelvis?
    • 14 x 17 crosswise.
    • Center IR to the CR.
  104. What is the CR for the AP pelvis?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR
    • Midsagittal plane and 2 inches below ASIS
  105. What is a part positioning for the AP pelvis?
    • Patient is supine and centered to midline of table.
    • Check height of both ASIS to ensure no rotation.
    • Rotate both feet internally 15 to 20°
  106. What is the SID for the AP pelvis?
    40 inches
  107. What is the collimation for the AP pelvis?
    No collimation top to bottom and to skin margins on sides.
  108. What is the breathing instructions for the AP pelvis?
    Suspend respiration.
  109. What is the IR size and placement for AP pelvis bilateral frog leg?
    • 14 x 17 crosswise.
    • Center IR to the CR.
  110. What is the CR for the AP pelvis bilateral frog leg?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR.
    • Midsagittal plane, and 3 inches below ASIS
  111. What is the part positioning for the AP bilateral frog leg?
    • Patient is supine and centered to midline of table.
    • Check height of both ASIS to ensure no rotation.
    • Flexed knees, 90° and abduct legs 45°
  112. What is the SID for the AP pelvis bilateral frog leg?
    40 inches
  113. What is the collimation for the AP pelvis bilateral frog leg?
    No collimation top to bottom and to skin margins on side.
  114. What is the breathing instructions for the AP pelvis bilateral frog leg?
    Suspend respiration.
  115. What is the IR size and placement for AP hip?
    • 10 x 12 lengthwise.
    • Center IR to the CR.
  116. What is the CR for the AP hip?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR
    • 1 to 2 inches medially from ASIS and 3 to 4 inches inferior
  117. What is the part placement for the AP hip?
    • Patient is supine with hip centered to midline of table.
    • Check height of ASIS to ensure no rotation.
    • Rotate affected leg internally 15 to 20°
  118. What is the SID for the AP hip?
    40 inches
  119. Was the collimation for the AP hip?
    No collimation top to bottom and is skin margins on the sides.
  120. What is the breathing instruction on the AP hip?
    Suspend respiration
  121. What is the IR size and placement for AP Proximal Femur?
    • 14 x 17 lengthwise.
    • Center IR to the CR.
  122. What is the CR for the AP Proximal Femur?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR
    • 1 to 2 inches medially from ASIS and 3 to 4 inches inferior
  123. What is the part placement for the AP Proximal Femur?
    • Patient is supine with hip centered to midline of table.
    • Check height of ASIS to ensure no rotation.
    • Rotate affected leg internally 15 to 20°
  124. What is the SID for the AP Proximal Femur?
    40 inches
  125. Was the collimation for the AP Proximal Femur?
    No collimation top to bottom and is skin margins on the sides.
  126. What is the breathing instruction on the AP Proximal Femur?
    Suspend respiration.
  127. What is the IR size and placement for the hip unilateral frog leg?
    • 10 x 12 crosswise.
    • Center IR to the CR.
  128. What is the CR for the hip unilateral frog leg?
    • CR is perpendicular to IR
    • 1 to 2 inches medially from ASIS and 3 to 4 inches inferior.
    • Rotate tube head to align with femur
  129. What is the part positioning for the hip unilateral frog leg?
    • Patient is supine with hip centered to midline of table.
    • Checks height of ASIS to ensure no rotation.
    • Flex leg with soul of foot on the knee.
    • Abduct femur 45° from vertical
  130. What is the SID for the hip unilateral frog leg?
    40 inches
  131. What is the collimation for the hip unilateral frog leg?
    No collimation top to bottom and to skin margins on the sides.
  132. What is the breathing instructions for the AP hip unilateral frog leg?
    Suspend respiration.

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