PSY3173 - final

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Anonymous
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270480
Filename:
PSY3173 - final
Updated:
2014-04-13 21:25:00
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psychology forensic
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forensic psychology final
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  1. Environmental factors affect brain development:
    • - disruptions to brain development associated with early behavioral problems and adult antisocial conduct
    • - neurodevelopmental vulnerability and quality of the environment --> tend to occur together: 

    • * people vulnerable to perturbations in brain development tend to live in environments that create these perturbations
    • * more sensitive tend to live in worse environments
    • * children not easy to soothe and cry a lot related to a neurodevelopmental pattern
    • * parental abuse tends to have negative impact on development
  2. Factors or indicators associated with disruption in brain development and anti-social outcomes:
    • - low birth weight
    • - malnutrition: found more anti-social personality disorder diagnoses of children born during food shortages
    • - infections and other diseases of pregnancies: certain illness associated with schizophrenia
    • - smoking or drinking during pregnancy
    • - maternal immunoreactivity: immune response to fetus, body of mother compels to attack it
    • - obstetrical complications during delivery: lack of oxygen, infections and umbilical cord around neck
    • - exposure to toxins (lead)
  3. Minor physical anomalies:
    • - unusual features of development that are present at birth
    • - formed in first trimester
    • - same cells that creates skin creates rain - same material
    • - not genetic programming, rather something developmental
    • - boys have more minor physical anomalies - more vulnerable during development
    • - more minor physical anomalies: people with schizophrenia, autism, intellectual disabilities, Down's Syndrome, lower IQ
  4. Handedness:
    • - origins
    • - heritability
    • - sex differences
    • - neurodevelopmental problems
    • - criminality
  5. Left-handedness:
    • - more vulnerable, live in dangerous world made for right-handed
    • - potential risk for antisocial behavior
    • - 10%, slightly more males
    • - fetuses bias to right-handedness with thumb sucking
    • - genetics not great indicator
    • - more minor physical anomalies
    • - mental retardation and intellectual abilities, people with autism, people with schizophrenia, learning, people who have epilepsy more chances of being left-handed
  6. smoking during pregnancy:
    • - poor health
    • - lower birth weight
    • - ischemia (lack of blood in tissue)
    • - hypoxia (lack of oxygen)
    • - hypertonicity (muscle tone is really tight and rigid)
    • - increased startled response
  7. kids of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, 5, 10 and 16:
    • - more likely to smoke at age 16
    • - lower scores in vocabulary and reading
    • - lower wight at birth
    • - conduct disorder
  8. effects on the brain

    - IQ and Delinquency:
    • - people convicted of crimes difference of 8 -12 points with non-convicted people
    • - IQ may be lower because they are the ones who were caught
  9. effects on the brain

    - deficits in verbal skills (comprehension and expression):
    • - implicates temporal lobes
    • - problems in understanding verbal instructions from others
    • - less self-talk
    • - more in the moment
    • - temptations rarely resisted
    • - hard time imagining the future
    • - difficulty in imagining what other people think or feel - makes it easier to hurt others
  10. effects on the brain:
    • - IQ and Delinquency
    • - Deficits in verbal skills (comprehension and expression)
    • - Deficits in executive functions (inhibitory control)
  11. effects on the brain

    - Deficits in executive functions (inhibitory control):
    • - implicated frontal lobes
    • - ability to modify course of action in spur of the moment
    • - hard times sustaining attention and concentration
    • - difficulties in formulating goals and self-monitoring
    • - criminals are often not all that smart

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