Card Set Information
Who is statistically more likely to get a stroke: men or women?
Who is statistically more likely to get a stroke: Caucasians or African Americans?
Which stroke type is more common: ischemic or hemorrhagic?
Which is the more likely source of an ischemic stroke: thrombus or embolus?
What is the most common precipitating factor for hemorrhagic strokes: HTN or a-fib?
By definition, a CVA lasts for: >24 hrs or <24 hrs?
In general, a left sided stroke would cause muscle weakness on which side: right or left?
CVA in the anterior circulation (ACA/MCA) are more likely to cause: hemiparesis or ataxia?
Hemiparesis (hemispheric signs: aphasia, apraxia, hemisensory loss, visual field defects)
CVA in the posterior circulation (PCA/basilar) are more likely to cause: hemiparesis or ataxia?
Ataxia (coma, vertigo, nausea, vomiting)
What is the best modality for diagnosing acute hemorrhagic stroke: CT or MRI?
What is the best modality for diagnosing acute ischemic stroke: CT or MRI?
If you suspect hemorragic stroke but CT is negative, what is the next test you should do: MRI or LP?
What is the gold standard for diagnosing CVA: MRI or cerebral angiography?
The goal time for thrombolytic therapy in CVA is: 3 hrs or 12 hrs?
3 hrs (can be given up to 4.5 hrs)
What is the biggest complication of tPA in CVA: bleeding or seizure?
Antiplatlet therapy is indicated in which type of stroke: ischemic or hemorrhagic?
TIAs are most likely due to issues with: carotid stenosis or DVT?
carotid stenosis (also vertebral artery issues)
Focal neurologic deficits that only partially clear after 24 hours: CVA or TIA?
Workup for CVA or TIA should include labs to identify: coagulopathies or dyslipidemias?
Cardioembolic TIAs or CVAs require which form of treatment: antiplatlet or anticoagulation?
Back-to-back seizures where the patient does not regain full consciousness between is one form of status epilepticus: true or false?
True (other is seizures failing to cease spontaneously)
Seizures that involve loss of consciousness are classified as: generalized or partial?
What is the most beneficial test in the diagnosis of a seizure disorder: EEG or ECG?
Isolated involuntary movements without impaired consciousness would represent what type of seizure: simple partial or clonic?
Seizure aura, impaired consciousness, and focal clonic activity would represent what type of seizure: complex partial or Jacksonian?
Do single unprovoked seizures without exam or diagnostic abnormalities require treatment: yes or no?
What is the best way to maintain an airway in someone who is having a seizure: recovery position / head-tilt or use of a bite block?
Recovery position / head-tilt
Initial treatment of refractory seizures includes: benzos or propofol?
Is MS a disease of the central or peripheral white matter?
MS is more likely to affect who: women or men?
Facial weakness + arm weakness, more likely to be: CVA or MS?
Diplopia + urinary incontinance, more likely to be: CVA or MS?
Initial treatment for acute MS includes: corticosteroids or cyclophosphamide?
The most common type of brain tumor is a: glioma or meningioma?
What type of dementia is more common: Alzheimer's or vascular?
Pseudodementia is related to: depression or psychosis?
Dementia associated with behavioral symptoms and compulsive disorders is: Lewy-body or frontotemporal?
Dementia that progresses in a stepwise fashion is more characteristic of: Alzheimer's or vascular?
Vascular (AKA multi-infarct dementia)
Tremor that improves with alcohol is more characteristic of: essential or parkinsonian?
Tremor that is bilateral and symmetric is more characterisic of: essential or parkinsonian?
Tremor that is unilateral and asymetric is more characteristic of: essential or parkinsonian?
For your patient with HTN and essential tremor, what medication may help to improve both: atenolol or propranolol?
Parkinson's is related to what neurotransmitter: seratonin or dopamine?
Motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease include: postural instability or autonomic dysfunction?
Progressive chorea is associated with which disease: Huntington's or Coryza?
Bell's palsy is paralysis of cranial nerve: five or seven?
The most common cause of mixed peripheral polyneuropathy is: diabetes or MS?
Symmetrical weakness that begins distal and progresses proximal is: Guillain-Barre or botulism?
Increased muscle weakness and fatigability that resolved by rest is characteristic of: Guillain-Barre or Myasthenia gravis?
The most appropriate lab test for myastenia gravis would be: CK or anti-ACh?