ZOL 365 practical

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ZOL 365 practical
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2014-04-14 19:57:25
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  1. FAMILY APLODONTIIDAE (Mountain Beaver)
    • Suborder Sciurimorpha
    •      - Habitat: forests & dense thickets
    •      - Diet: plant material
    •      - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal & diurnal
    •      - Lifestyle: Semi-fossorial
    •      - Behavior: Colonial
    •      - Range: Pacific northwest, Central             California to Southern British Columbia
  2. FAMILY SCIURIDAE (Squirrels, chipmunks)
    • Suborder Sciurimorpha
    •   - Habitat: Tundra to Tropical Rain Forests   
    •  - Diet: Nuts, Seeds, insects   
    •  - Activity Pattern: Most Diurnal, some nocturnal   
    •  - Lifestyle: Arboreal or terrestrial    
    •  - Behavior: Mostly Solitary   
    •  - Range: Worldwide except Australia, Polar regions, Madagascar, Southern South Amer.
  3. FAMILY GEOMYIDAE (Gophers)
    • Suborder Castorimorpha
    •   - Habitat: Anywhere where soil can be dug   
    •  - Diet: roots & tubers     
    • - Activity Pattern: Variable
    •    - Lifestyle: Fossorial    
    •  - Behavior: Generally Solitary     
    • - Range: North America
  4. FAMILY HETEROMYIDAE (Pocket mice, Kangaroo rats)
    • Suborder Castorimorpha
    •   - Habitat: Desert to Tropical Forest    
    •  - Diet: Seeds & Plant parts    
    •  - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    •  - Lifestyle: Terrestrial & Semi-fossorial     
    • - Behavior: Solitary   
    •  - Range: Western North America, Central Amer. & NW South Amer.
  5. FAMILY CASTORIDAE (Beavers)
    • Suborder Castorimorpha
    •   - Habitat: Rivers & Lakes     
    • - Diet: Bark, Leaves     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Amphibious     
    • - Behavior: Live in Family Groups     
    • - Range: Northern Europe, Northern Asia, North America
  6. FAMILY PEDETIDAE (Springhare)
    • Suborder Anomaluromorpha
    •   - Habitat: Grasslands     
    • - Diet: herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial & Semi-fossorial    
    •  - Behavior: Singly or in pairs    
    •  - Range: Sub-saharan Africa
  7. FAMILY DIPODIDAE (Jerboas & Jumping Mice)
    • Suborder Myomorpha
    •   - Habitat: Forest to Desert     
    • - Diet: Leafy Vegetation & Seeds     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal & Crepuscular     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial, Saltatorial, Bipedal     
    • - Behavior: Shy, Generally Solitary     
    • - Range: Europe, North America, Asia, Africa
  8. FAMILY MURIDAE (Old World Rats & Mice)
    • Suborder Myomorpha
    •   - Habitat: Subarctic to Tropics      
    • - Diet: Plant matter to small Vertebrates     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal,Diurnal,or Crep.     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Some Gregarious, solitary     
    • - Range: Europe,Asia,Africa,Australia, adjacent islands
  9. FAMILY CRICETIDAE (3 Subfamilies)
    Suborder Myomorpha
  10. SUBFAMILY NEOTOMINAE (North American rats & Mice)
    • Family Cricetidae
    •   - Habitat: Prairies, Mountains, deserts, forests     
    • - Diet: Plant matter to small Vertebrates     
    • - Activity Pattern: Noct.,diurnal, Crepus.     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Some Gregarious, solitary   
    •  - Range: North America, Panama to Alaska & Northern Canada.
  11. SUBFAMILY SIGMODONTIDAE (South American rats & mice)
    • Family Cricetidae
    •   - Habitat: Grasslands,desert,forests, wetland    
    •  - Diet: Plant matter to small Verts.    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal, Diurnal, Crep.    
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Some Gregarious, Solitary     
    • - Range: South, Central & u.s.
  12. SUBFAMILY ARVICOLINAE (Voles, Lemmings, Muskrats)
    • Family Cricetidae
    •   - Habitat: Subarctic to Temperate zones     
    • - Diet: herbivorous    
    • - Activity Pattern: Active day & night
    • - Lifestyle: terrestrial, musk- amphib.      
    • - Behavior: Some Gregarious, solitary     
    • - Range: Holarctic, North, Central America, Europe
  13. FAMILY HYSTRICIDAE (Old World Porcupine)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    •   - Habitat: Desert to Forest     
    • - Diet: Herbivorous    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal or Crepuscular     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial, Fossorial    
    • - Behavior: Solitary to Gregarious     
    • - Range: Asia & Africa
  14. FAMILY ERETHIZONTIDAE (New World Porcupine)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    •   - Habitat: Desert to Forests     
    • - Diet: Generally Herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Arboreal to terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Usually Solitary     
    • - Range: North America & northern South America
  15. FAMILY CAVIIDAE (Guinea pigs, Cavies)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    • - Habitat: Open grassland to forest EDGE     
    • - Diet: Herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Diurnal or Crepuscular     
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial to amphibious     
    • - Behavior: Most Colonial     
    • - Range: South America
  16. FAMILY DASYPROCTIDAE (Agoutis)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    • - Habitat: Forest    
    • - Diet: Herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Diurnal to Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial, fast & agile     
    • - Behavior: Solitary     
    • - Range: Central & South America
  17. FAMILY CHINCHILLLIDAE (Chinchillas)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    • - Habitat: Mountainous rocky areas, grassy plains     
    • - Diet: Herbivorous    
    • - Activity Pattern: Diurnal or Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Colonial    
    • - Range: Western & southern South Amer.
  18. FAMILY MYOCASTORIDAE (Nutria)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    • - Habitat: slow-moving streams, lakes, fresh water marshes     
    • - Diet: Herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Amphibious     
    • - Behavior: Gregarious     
    • - Range: South America
  19. FAMILY BATHYERGIDAE (mole-rats)
    • Suborder Hystricomorpha
    • - Habitat: Soil in arid regions    
    • - Diet: Herbivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Burrow in morning & midafternoon.    
    • - Lifestyle: Highly Fossorial     
    • - Behavior: Solitary to Colonial     
    • - Range: Sub-saharan Africa
  20. FAMILY PTEROPODIDAE (Old World Fruit Bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Forest,woodland,savannah, swamps    
    • - Diet: Fruit, Pollen     
    • - Activity Pattern: Active evening & night     
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Large forms-Greg. Small- Solitary    
    •  - Range: Old World Tropics & Subtropics
  21. FAMILY NOCTILIONIDAE (Fish-eating Bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Roost near water    
    • - Diet: Insects, fish    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Gregarious     
    • - Range: Southern Mexico, Central & South Amer.
  22. FAMILY PHYLLOSTOMIDAE (Vampire bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Desert scrub, tropical forest near water, tropical lowlands    
    • - Diet: meat, blood    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Gregarious to Solitary     
    • - Range: Tropical & Subtropical New World
  23. FAMILY MOLOSSIDAE (Free-tailed bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Dense forest to open country to swamps    
    • - Diet: insectivorous    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Solitary to Highly Gregarious     
    • - Range: North, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Austrailia
  24. FAMILY RHINOLOPHIDAE (Horseshoe Bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Forested & non-forested areas    
    • - Diet: Insectivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Solitary to Gregarious    
    • - Range: Temperate & tropical regions of Old World
  25. FAMILY VESPERTILIONIDAE (Evening bats)
    • Order Chiroptera
    • - Habitat: Cave dwellers    
    • - Diet: insectivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: Volant     
    • - Behavior: Solitary to Gregarious     
    • - Range: Worldwide in Temperate & tropical areas
  26. FAMILY CANIDAE (Dogs, foxes, Wolves)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    • - Habitat: Ice Fields to deserts     
    • - Diet: Carnivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal or Diurnal   
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial    
    • - Behavior: monogamous pairs   
    • - Range: All continents except Antarctica
  27. FAMILY URSIDAE (Bears)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    • - Habitat: Ice fields to Tropical forests     
    • - Diet: omnivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal     
    • - Lifestyle: terrestrial    
    • - Behavior: Usually solitary     
    • - Range: All continents minus Australia & Ant.
  28. FAMILY PROCYONIDAE (RACCOONS ETC.)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    • - Habitat: Desert to Wetland     
    • - Diet: Omnivorous     
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Solitary to social    
    • - Range: Southern Canada to Northern Argentina
  29. FAMILY AILURIDAE (Red Panda)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    •   - Habitat: Temerate Deciduous & Coniferous     
    • - Diet: Bamboo Leaves     
    • - Activity Pattern: Primarily Noct. & Crepus.     
    • - Lifestyle: Arboreal    
    • - Behavior: Solitary   
    •  - Range: Himalayan mountains in North Burma, China,Nepal & India
  30. FAMILY MUSTELIDAE (weasels, otters)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    • - Habitat: Woods to deserts, grassland, rivers, coastal waters     
    • - Diet: Carnivorous      
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal or Diurnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Amphib to terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Usually solitary    
    • - Range:All except Antarctica & Australia
  31. FAMILY MEPHITIDAE (Skunks)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    • - Habitat: Woodland, deserts, wetlands, grass    
    • - Diet: omnivorous    
    • - Activity Pattern: Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Terrestrial     
    • - Behavior: Usually solitary    
    • - Range: North, Central & South America,Asia
  32. FAMILY PHOCIDAE (True seals)
    • Suborder Caniformia
    •   - Habitat: Land-fast ice, pack ice, rocks & islands     
    • - Diet: Fish, shellfish    
    • - Activity Pattern: Diurnal & Nocturnal    
    • - Lifestyle: Aquatic    
    • - Behavior: Highly variable     
    • - Range: All oceans of the world

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