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Who are Leaders?
Individuals who exert influence to help meet group goals.
What is Leader Effectiveness?
The extent to which a leader actually does help
According to Fiedler's Contingency Theory of Leadership, Leadership effectiveness is determined by what?
- The characteristic of individuals
- The situations in which they find themselves
According to Fiedler's Contingency Theory of Leadership, what are the distinct leader styles?
- Relationships oriented
- Task oriented
What is Path-Goal Theory?
It describes how leaders can motivate their followers to achieve group and organizational goals and the kinds of behaviors leaders can engage in to motivate followers.
What the types of behaviors under Path-Goal Theory?
- Achievement Oriented
According to Gregory P. Smith and the Leader-Member Exchange, why do people quit their jobs?
What are three reasons people quit their jobs due to management under Leader-Member Exchange?
- Management demands one person do the work of more than one.
- Management forces professionals to do menial tasks beneath them
- Management constantly moves people around.
What is the Leader-Member Exchange (LMX)?
The quality of interpersonal exchange relationship between an employee and his/her supervisor.
What is Role Theory?
Relationships develop from series of exchanges or interactions.
What is Social Exchange Theory?
Two or more parties exchange with each other intangible social costs and benefits, such as respect, honor, friendship, and caring, assuming that the other party has the intention to cooperate accordingly.
What are traits of charismatic leadership?
- Willingness to take-risk
What is Transformational Leadership Theory?
Differentiates between transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leaders
What are Transformational Leaders?
Inspire followers to transcend their own self-interests for the good of the group and are capable of transforming the values and self-concept of their followers.
What are Transactional Leaders?
Guide their followers in the direction of goals by clarifying roles and task requirements.
What is a Laissez-Faire Leader?
Defined by lack of leadership
What's the male advantage in Gender and Leadership?
Stereotype that men are better leaders because they are mot task-focused, less emotional, and more assertive.
What's the female advantage in Gender and Leadership?
Stereotype that women are better leaders because they are higher on mentoring, communication, goal-setting, quality orientation, and participative leadership
What are the female disadvantages in Gender and Leadership?
- Implicit Theory: the word "leader" is associated with males
- Women are criticized for not being "leader-like" when they lead in stereotypically female ways
- Women who employ "masculine" styles of leadership are criticized for not being feminine enough and inauthentic
Which gender is considered more transformational?
What is a Leader?
An individual who is able to influence group or organizational members to help the group or organization achieve its goals
What is a Formal Leader?
A member of an organization who is given authority by the organization to influence other organizational members to achieve organizational goals.
What is an Informal Leader?
An organizational member with no formal authority to influence others who nevertheless is able to exert considerable influence because of special skills or talents
What are the strongest traits of leaders?
- Task-relevant knowledge
- Energy/activity levels - high
- Tolerance for stress
- Integrity and honesty
Behavior indicating that a leader trusts, respects, and values good relationships with his or her followers.
Behaviors that a leader engages in to make sure that work gest done and subordinates perform their jobs acceptably.
Leader Reward Behavior
A leader's positive reinforcement of subordinate's desirable behavior
Leader Punishing Behavior
A leader's negative response to subordinates' undesired behavior
The relationships between a leader and his or her followers
The amount of formal authority a leader has
Vroom and Yetton Model
a model that describes the different ways in which leaders can make decisions and guides leaders in determining the extent to which subordinates should participate in decision making.
Something that acts in place of a formal leader and makes leadership unnecessary
Something that prevents a leader from having any influence and negates a leader's efforts
Behavior by a leader that is supportive and encouraging toward followers and gives them opportunities to develop and grow on the job, such as acquiring new skills and capabilities.