English examples of third person personal pronouns?
he, she, it,
his, her, its
him, her, it.
they, their, them.
What is the major difference between 1st/2nd person pronouns and 3rd person singular pronouns?
3rd Person Singular Pronouns have gender.
How is the case of a pronoun determined?
by its function in a sentence.
How is the gender and number of a pronoun determined?
by the number and gender of the antecedent.
What greek word is the third person plural? 1st person? 2nd person?
3rd person- Autos
1st person - eyw
2nd person- su
What breathing mark does the 3rd person personal pronoun word "autos" have?
smooth - this is important because it is the only way to distinguish it from another word that will be learned later.
Do not think of autos (with smooth breathing) as the 3rd person pronoun but rath as a word that performs 3 different functions. What are those functions?
1. Personal Pronoun
2. Adjectival intensive
3. Identical Adjective
What is the most common function of "autos" (with smooth breathing)?
Personal Pronoun - translated as he, she, it, they
When "autos" (smooth breathing) is used as a pronoun- how is its 1) case determined? 2) number? 3) gender?
1) by its function in the sentence.
2) by its antecedent.3) by its antecedent.
When "autos" (smooth breathing) is showing possession, where in the sentence does it usually appear?
it usually follows the word that it modifies.
What are some examples of a reflexive pronoun?
himself, herself, itself, themselves, etc.
1. How do you translate "autos" (smooth breathing) when it is used as an adjectival intensive? 2. How does it usually appear in the sentence when used this way? 3. How is its case, number, and gender determined?
1. Since it intensifies the noun, it is translated with a reflexive pronoun (ex. Jesus himself).
2. in the predicate position (predicate = to declare something about the subject).
3. it will agree with the noun it modifies. it is usually in the nominative case and modifies the subject when it functions in this way.
What does it mean when "autos" (smooth breathing) is used as an identical adjective?
it means "same".
"en autn tn wra"
"in the same hour"
it usually is in the attributive position (article before adjective but the noun "tov autov loyon") but not always.