What is a dislocation?
Occur when the articular sufaces of a joint are no longer in contact. Usually shoulder, hip, knee are dislocated.
Path/eti = trauma, diseases of joint, compartment syndrome,
s/s = popping sound, complaint of something "gave out", pain, affected ext is longer than unaffected ext, ROM limited, swelling, coolness, numbness, tingling, pale dusky color of distal tissues
Tx = Dr. reduces the displaced part until normal, then immobilizes the joint w/ elastic bandage, cast, splint for several wks, some may require surgery
Nurse = give pain meds if prescribed, elevating, immobilizing affected limp, applying cold packs, neurovascular assessment every 30mins for several hrs then @least every 2to4hrs for next 1to2days 2 watch 4 compartment syndrome.