Groove that the Anterior Interventricular Artery sits in on the heart. Comes off the left coronary artery on the anterior aspect of the heart.
Wall of the heart between the left and right ventricles.
Wall of the heart between the right and left atria
Posterior Interventricular Sulcus
Groove that the posterior interventricular artery lies in on the heart. On the posterior aspect of the heart and the artery is a combination of the right coronary artery and the circumflex artery.
"Working meat" The rough muscular tissue in the ventricles of the heart.
The smoother muscle in the atria of the heart.
smooth oval between the right and left atria that was a hole before birth as a bypass of the pulmonary system.
Opening of the coronary sinus
small hole in the right atria that the coronary sinus drains into
small "ligament" between the pulmonary trunk and the aorta that acted as a pulmonary system bypass before birth
outside covering of the heart
inner portion of the outside covering of the heart
epicardium/ visceral pericardium
lining of the heart directly covering the outside of the organ
muscle of the heart
inner lining of the heart
Come off of the pulmonary trunk and go towards the lungs
goes from the lungs to the left atrium, double
farthest right of the great vessels on the aortic arch.
Right Common Carotid Artery
Comes off of the brachiocephalic trunk first and goes into the neck
Right Subclavian Artery
Second branch of the brachiocephalic trunk, goes towards the arm
Left Common Carotid Artery
Middle great vessel on the aortic arch, goes towards the neck
left subclavian artery
Leftmost great vessel on the aortic arch, goes towards the left arm.
Descending Thoracic Aorta
Section of aorta after the arch but superior to the diaphragm.
Descending Abdominal Aorta
section of the aorta inferior to the diaphragm and prior to the separation into the common iliac arteries.
Right Coronary Artery
First artery coming off the aorta on the right side of the heart near right atria
Left Coronary Artery
First artery coming off of the aorta going towards the left side of the heart, can be found behind the pulmonary trunk and is a short segment before splitting into the circumflex artery and the anterior interventricular artery.
Anterior Interventricular Artery
Splits off of the left coronary artery and goes towards the apex of the heart on the anterior side on the border of the ventricles
Splits off of the left coronary artery and dives under the lefts auricle of the atria and wraps around to the posterior of the heart. Partially supplies the posterior interventricular artery
This is the enlarged vessel on the posterior aspect of the heart that receives all the deoxygenated coronary blood and has a hole to dump it into the right atria to be re-oxygenated.
The two vertebral arteries join to form this artery in the posterior, inferior aspect of the brain, after the foramen maximum.
Internal thoracic artery
A branch of the subclavian that immediately goes down and goes along the anterior portion of the rib cage.
Branch of the subclavian artery that normally comes off as a single tube without any branches and goes towards the back of the neck. Can be seen in transverse foramen of the vertebrate. The right and left join together in the brain to for the basilar artery.
The subclavian artery turns into this artery after it pops back out from behind the clavicle and goes towards the shoulder.
The axillary artery turns into this artery after the shoulder and before the elbow.
Deep brachial artery
Branch of the artery that dives into the muscle of the upper arm.
This splits from the brachial artery near the elbow and goes towards the thumb side of the forearm.
This branch of the brachial artery splits near the elbow and goes towards the pinky side of the forearm.
Posterior Intercostal Arteries
The arteries between the ribs that run along with the intercostal nerves
Cavernous sinus of the brain
Dural venous sinus in the brain that many veins, arteries, and nerves run through. Near the center of the brain, about the spot of the optic chiasm
superior sagittal sinus of the brain
Dural venous sinus that runs along the top of the brain along the midline.
Straight sinus of the brain
The superior sagittal sinus of the brain turns into the straight sinus near the back and goes between the cerebrum and the cerebellum in towards the middle of the brain.
Confluence of the Sinuses
Feature of many sinuses, including superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus, and transverse sinus, meeting up at the posterior portion of the brain.
Transverse Sinus of the brain
A venous dural sinus that goes along the outside of the brain on the sides near the outside before turning into the sigmoid sinus
Sigmoid Sinus of the brain
An S-shaped dural venous fold on the inferior portion of the brain that that comes after the transverse sinus before turning into the internal jugular vein.
Internal Carotid artery
Branch of the common carotid artery going directly into the brain.
External Carotid Artery
The branch of the common carotid artery that supplies blood to the outside of the skull and branches off multiple times
Branch of the external carotid artery that can be found around the mandible and is generally very squiggly and loose to allow for jaw movement
Branch of the external carotid artery that dives deep and can be found under the mandible
Superficial Temporal Artery
Branch of the external carotid artery that is close to the surface of the skull near the temporal bone
A vein in the arm that is superficial and on the lateral portion of the arm
A vein in the arm that is superficial and on the medial portion of the arm. Think "B goes with body side"
Median cubital vein
This vein runs medial to lateral near the elbow and connects the cephalic and basilic veins
This vein drains the thorax from right posterior intercostal veins. This is found on the posterior aspect of the thorax running inferior to superior and is found close to the midline.
Vein that drains the thorax from the left posterior intercostal veins. This is found on the posterior aspect of the thorax running up and down and is found to the left of the midline.
Posterior Intercostal Veins
Veins that drain into the azygous and hemiazygous veins and run transversely along the ribs.
Internal Jugular Vein
Large vein descending from the skull that the blood from the brain drains into just after it goes through the sigmoid sinus
External Jugular Vein
Blood from the face drains into this vein and down the neck. Generally smaller than the internal branch of this vein and attaches to the brachiocephalic veins more laterally
Where the veins of the head and arms meet up before it turns into the superior vena cava to drain back into the heart. This vein has both a right and left one, unlike its corresponding artery.
The taste buds in the center of the tongue
The taste buds near the edges of the tongue
Taste buds that are larger and rounder and form a "V" shape at the back portion of the tongue
Small glandular area at the back of the tongue
Glandular tissue on either lateral side of the pharynx
Parotid Salivary Gland
Large glandular tissue between the ear and the corner of the mouth
This duct comes from the salivary gland that has the same name, goes over the masseter muscle and dives into the buccinator before opening into the mouth.
Submandibular Salivary Gland
Glandular tissue that is under the chin and the facial artery dives under it
Greater curvature of the stomach
The longer length of curve on the stomach, on the left side of the stomach when in anatomical postion
Cardia of the stomach
the region of the stomach near the opening of the esophagus
The region of the stomach near the sphincter that drains the stomach contents from the stomach into the duodenum
The sphincter between the stomach and the duodenum of the small intenstine
The first section of the small intestine, relatively short and has a "c" shape to it
the second segment of the small intestine
the last section of the small intestine before it turns into the large intestine.
The place where the ileum of the small intestine and cecum of the large intestine meet
First part of the colon that the small intestine drains into, also has the appendix attached
hepatic flexure of the colon
the curve between the ascending colon and the transverse colon on the right side of the body, near the liver
the curve between the transverse colon and the descending colon on the left side of the body near the spleen.
The S-shaped segment of colon after the descending colon and before the rectum
Band of smooth muscle the runs the length of the colon that acts like an elastic band on a pair of sweatpants to keep the colon from stretching out
Pouches in the colon formed in part by the bunching effect of the taenia coli
Short fatty projections off of the colon
Posterior to the duodenum and tends to look rough and mealy.
left side of the abdominal cavity near the stomach
located on the inferior portion of the liver
Falciform Ligament of the liver
Connective tissue that separates the left and right lobes of the liver
Round Ligament of the Liver
An extension of the falciform ligament of the liver that was used as a fetus, but is no longer relevant in an adult
Right anatomical lobe of the liver
Largest lobe of the liver
Left lobe of the liver
Smaller lobe of the liver, the more pointed side
The lining that is directly covering the abdominal organs
Layer of connective tissue that lines the abdominal cavity
The sheet of connective tissue that the small and large intestines are suspended from
An apron like connective tissue that hangs down in the abdominal cavity from the stomach
Common hepatic duct
The bile duct that leaves the liver
The bile duct the comes from/goes to the gallbladder
Common bile duct
the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct combine to form this duct
the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct join to create this structure
This small hole drains bile and pancreatic enzymes from the ampulla of the same name into the duodenum
First unpaired vessel coming off of the abdominal aorta, short and branches quickly
Left gastric artery
One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes to the lesser curvature of the stomach
One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes posterior to the stomach and connects to the spleen.
Common Hepatic Artery
One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes towards the liver and branches quickly
Hepatic Artery Proper
Branch of the common hepatic artery that goes directly to the liver
Branch of the common hepatic artery that goes towards the duodenum
right gastroepiploic artery
The continuation of the gastroduodenal artery after it dives posterior to the duodenum and comes back out to attach to the greater curvature of the stomach
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Second unpaired vessels on the abdominal aorta that supplies blood mostly to the small intestine and mesentery.
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
Most inferior unpaired vessel of the abdominal aorta that supplies blood mostly to the large intestine
Paired arteries that go to the kidneys and come off of the abdominal aorta
Gonadal Arteries (Ovarian/Testicular)
Paired arteries that come off of the abdominal aorta and go to the reproductive organs, the may not come off of the aorta at exactly the same spot
Small paired arteries coming off of the abdominal aorta that go along the posterior wall of the abdomen
Veins on the posterior aspect of the liver and can best be seen draining directly into the inferior vena cava
The left is longer than the right due to orientation of the IVC, left gonadal vein attaches to this left vein
Gonadal veins (testicular/ovarian)
veins coming from the reproductive structures. the right side attaches directly to the IVC while the left vein attaches to the left renal vein
Hepatic Portal Vein
Vein that drains blood from the intestines into the liver. Enter the liver in the same area as the hepatic artery proper and the hepatic bile duct
Common iliac artery
The split of the descending aorta near the hips
Internal Iliac Artery
The portion of the split aorta the dives into the pelvis and branches into the obturator artery, the superior gluteal artery, and the inferior gluteal artery
External Iliac Artery
The portion of the split aorta that goes outside of the pelvis and eventually into the leg
An artery that splits off of the internal iliac artery and goes through the obturator canal in the anterior portion of the pelvis
Inferior Gluteal artery
A branch of the internal iliac artery that emerges on the posterior part of the pelvis from below the piriformis muscle
Superior Gluteal Muscle
A branch of the internal iliac artery that emerges on the posterior part of the pelvis from above the piriformis muscle
The external iliac artery turns into this artery in the thigh, it travels through the adductor canal and the adductor hiatus before popping out behind the knee as the popliteal artery
Deep Femoral Artery
A branch of the artery in the thigh that dives into the musculature
The artery behind the knee after the femoral artery emerges from the adductor hiatus before splitting into the anterior tibial artery, the posterior tibial artery, and the fibular artery
Anterior Tibial Artery
First thing to branch off of the popliteal artery. It dives through the interosseus membrane to the front of the leg and continues towards ankle.
Posterior Tibial Artery
Branch of the popliteal artery that goes toward the big toe side of the leg and can be found by the medial malleolus
Branch of the popliteal artery the goes towards the pinky toe side of the leg
Great Saphenous Vein
Very superficial vein that runs the length of the entire leg
The vein in the thigh
External Iliac Vein
The vein coming from the leg going to the pelvis.
Internal Iliac Vein
Vein coming from the inner part of the pelvis before connecting with the IVC
The tunnel of connective tissue that the femoral artery runs through
The break in the adductor magnus at the end of the adductor canal that allows the femoral artery to pop to the posterior side of the leg
Small space that nerves and the obturator artery travel through in the obturator foramen
Nostrils, opening of the nasal cavity to the outside
The opening between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx
The nasal cavity contains three of these, the inferior is the largest, then the middle, and the superior
Connective tissue and bone that separates the halves of the nasal cavity
The floor of the nasal cavity and the roof of the mouth
The posterior portion of the hard palate
This hangs down from the soft palate and can be seen in the back of the throat "punching bag"
Opening to the auditory canal
This is a hole located in the nasopharynx
the section of the throat posterior to the nasal cavity
the portion of the throat posterior to the oral cavity
the portion of the throat posterior to the larynx
small bone that works with the larynx and does not articulate with any other bones
Most superior cartilage of the larynx that has distinctive horns and a laryngeal prominence and does not continue completely around to the posterior side
The point on the front, top portion of the thyroid cartilage on the midline
Ring like cartilage of the larynx located inferior to the thyroid cartilage and completely encircles the larynx
Small ligament that connects the thyroid cartilage to the cricoid cartilage
Two small bits of cartilage on the posterior side of the larynx that the vocal ligaments and vestibular ligaments attach to
A flap of cartilage in the larynx that folds down to cover the trachea when swallowing
Ventricular Fold/False Vocal Fold
The most superior of the folds of the larynx
Vocal fold/ True Vocal Fold
Inferior of the folds in the larynx
The opening between the vocal folds of the larynx
C shaped rings of cartilage that run the length of the trachea
The First split of the trachea, one goes to each lung
the second split of the trachea, 3 for the right lung, 2 for the left lung
apex of the lung
the superior point of the lung
base of the lung
inferior portion of the lung
Has three lobes: the superior lob, the middle lobe, and the inferior lobe. There are two fissure: oblique fissure splits inferior lobe from middle and superior lobes, transverse fissure splits the superior lobe from the middle lobe
Has two lobes: Superior Lobe and Inferior Lobe. Separated by one fissure, the Oblique fissure.
Sheetlike muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and aids in respiration
Hilus of the Lung
Where things enter and exit the lung: Primary bronchus normally posterior, Pulmonary arteries normally superior, pulmonary veins normally inferior
Skin sac where male testes are held
The combination of vas deferens, testicular artery, testicular vein, and cremaster muscle that leaves the scrotum and enters the body.
the muscle that is located in the scrotum
The tube that connects the testes and epididymus in the scrotum to the seminal vesicle and eventually urethra within the body.
The wig like structures located on the testes
Ampulla of the Vas Deferens
Near where the vas deferens meets the siminal vesicle
the male gonad/ sex cell producer
Small projection near the end of the vas deferens by the prostate gland
portion of the male urine/sperm tube that travels through the prostate gland
The longest portion of the male urethra that travels through the length of the penis and is surrounded by corpus spongiosum
Very short portion of the urethra near the pubic symphysis that goes through a thin layer of muscle at the pelvic floor
Erectile tissue on the superior portion of the penis, splits near body and goes laterally to form the right and left crus of the penis
Crus of the penis/clitoris
The lateral split of the corpus cavernosum
Males: Surrounds the spongy urethra and is the inferior portion of the penis
Females: erectile tissue on either side of the vestibule deep to the labia minora
In males, it is an indentation of the parietal peritoneum between the rectum and the bladder
Bulb of the penis
A spherical portion of the corpus spongiosum at the beginning of the penis still inside the body
Large, external skin folds around the female vestibule
Thin skin folds under the labia majora
Prepuce in females
"the clitoral hood", covering of the clitoris
Fundus of the Uterus
Superior portion of the uterus
Entrance to the uterus
The opening to the cervix from the uterus side
the opening to the cervix on the vaginal side
the short space between the internal os and the external os
Uterine tube/fallopian tube
Tubes that run from the uterus to the ovaries
Fingerlike projections at the end of the fallopian tubes directed towards the ovaries
The opening of the fallopian tube into the uterus
Female gonad/ sex cell releaser. Suspended in the body to the sides of the uterus
Suspensory Ligament of the Ovary
Ligament that connects to the abdomen and the ovary to allow it to hang in place
a large flat ligament that covers the uterus
the ligament that connects the ovary to the uterus
Round ligament of the uterus
Ligament that goes anterior from the broad ligament to connect to from of pelvis
The very tip of the corpus cavernosum in the female and the only erectile tissue accessible externally
Bulb of the vestibule
composed of corpus spongiosum and is deep to the labia minora and is on either side of the vestibule
Indentation of parietal peritoneum between the rectum and the uterus
indentation of parietal peritoneum between the uterus and the bladder
thin muscle at the bottom of the pelvis, the pelvic floor
muscle that covers corpus cavernosum erectile tissue in both males and females
muscle that covers the corpus spongiosum in both males and females
The outer covering of the kidney
fatty covering of the kidney
The outermost portion of the interior of the kidney, generally lighter color
The sections of lighter cells between the renal pyramids in the interior of the kidneys
The darker colored portions on the inner part of the kidney that end in a point and connect to minor calyxes
Tube leading from the kidney to the bladder
The point at the end of the renal pyramid that connects to a minor calyx
Smallest branch of urine tubes that drain urine from the kidneys
Large branch of urine tube that is composed of many smaller branches and will converge to leave the kidney as the ureter
the portion of the urine tube that leaves the kidney and turns into the ureter
Hilus of the Kidney/ Renal Hilus
The region of the kidney where veins, arteries, and urine enters and leaves.
Orifices of the ureter
the opening of the ureter into the posterior, inferior portion of the bladder
Internal Urethra Orifice
The opening to leave to bladder
Internal Urethral sphincter
The involuntary muscle that control the opening to the bladder
The smooth, triangular space between the orifices of the ureter and the internal urethral orifice in the bladder
External Urethral Sphincter
Voluntary muscle around the membranous urethra
External urethral orifice
The opening of the urethra to the outside world
Hangs from the infandibulum in the sella turcica in the skull and connects to the hypothalamus
The stalk between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland
Small glandular tissue on the superior portion of the kidneys
Glandular tissue on the anterior portion of the larynx, butterfly shaped
Isthmus of the Thyroid gland
the narrowing between the right and left lobes of the thyroid gland
four small dots of glandular tissue, located on the posterior side of the thyroid gland, two dots on each lobe.
Slightly superior and anterior to the heart, mostly shrunken in adults