Cadaver Lab Unit 3

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Cadaver Lab Unit 3
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2014-04-16 02:36:45
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Cadaver lab unit 3, vessels and organ systems.
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  1. Coronary/Atrioventricular Sulcus
    Groove coronary sinus sits in
  2. Anterior Interventricular Sulci
    Groove that the Anterior Interventricular Artery sits in on the heart.  Comes off the left coronary artery on the anterior aspect of the heart.
  3. Interventricular Septum
    Wall of the heart between the left and right ventricles.
  4. Anteratrial Septum
    Wall of the heart between the right and left atria
  5. Posterior Interventricular Sulcus
    Groove that the posterior interventricular artery lies in on the heart.  On the posterior aspect of the heart and the artery is a combination of the right coronary artery and the circumflex artery.
  6. Trabeculae carneae
    "Working meat" The rough muscular tissue in the ventricles of the heart.
  7. pectinate muscles
    The smoother muscle in the atria of the heart.
  8. fossa ovalis
    smooth oval between the right and left atria that was a hole before birth as a bypass of the pulmonary system.
  9. Opening of the coronary sinus
    small hole in the right atria that the coronary sinus drains into
  10. Ligamentum Arteriosum
    small "ligament" between the pulmonary trunk and the aorta that acted as a pulmonary system bypass before birth
  11. Fibrous pericardium
    outside covering of the heart
  12. parietal pericardium
    inner portion of the outside covering of the heart
  13. epicardium/ visceral pericardium
    lining of the heart directly covering the outside of the organ
  14. myocardium
    muscle of the heart
  15. endocardium
    inner lining of the heart
  16. pulmonary arteries
    Come off of the pulmonary trunk and go towards the lungs
  17. pulmonary veins
    goes from the lungs to the left atrium, double
  18. brachiocephalic trunk
    farthest right of the great vessels on the aortic arch.
  19. Right Common Carotid Artery
    Comes off of the brachiocephalic trunk first and goes into the neck
  20. Right Subclavian Artery
    Second branch of the brachiocephalic trunk, goes towards the arm
  21. Left Common Carotid Artery
    Middle great vessel on the aortic arch, goes towards the neck
  22. left subclavian artery
    Leftmost great vessel on the aortic arch, goes towards the left arm.
  23. Descending Thoracic Aorta
    Section of aorta after the arch but superior to the diaphragm.
  24. Descending Abdominal Aorta
    section of the aorta inferior to the diaphragm and prior to the separation into the common iliac arteries.
  25. Right Coronary Artery
    First artery coming off the aorta on the right side of the heart near right atria
  26. Left Coronary Artery
    First artery coming off of the aorta going towards the left side of the heart, can be found behind the pulmonary trunk and is a short segment before splitting into the circumflex artery and the anterior interventricular artery.
  27. Anterior Interventricular Artery
    Splits off of the left coronary artery and goes towards the apex of the heart on the anterior side on the border of the ventricles
  28. Circumflex Artery
    Splits off of the left coronary artery and dives under the lefts auricle of the atria and wraps around to the posterior of the heart.  Partially supplies the posterior interventricular artery
  29. Coronary Sinus
    This is the enlarged vessel on the posterior aspect of the heart that receives all the deoxygenated coronary blood and has a hole to dump it into the right atria to be re-oxygenated.
  30. Basilar Artery
    The two vertebral arteries join to form this artery in the posterior, inferior aspect of the brain, after the foramen maximum.
  31. Internal thoracic artery
    A branch of the subclavian that immediately goes down and goes along the anterior portion of the rib cage.
  32. Vertebral artery
    Branch of the subclavian artery that normally comes off as a single tube without any branches and goes towards the back of the neck.  Can be seen in transverse foramen of the vertebrate.  The right and left join together in the brain to for the basilar artery.
  33. Axillary Artery
    The subclavian artery turns into this artery after it pops back out from behind the clavicle and goes towards the shoulder.
  34. Brachial Artery
    The axillary artery turns into this artery after the shoulder and before the elbow.
  35. Deep brachial artery
    Branch of the artery that dives into the muscle of the upper arm.
  36. Radial Artery
    This splits from the brachial artery near the elbow and goes towards the thumb side of the forearm.
  37. Ulnar Artery
    This branch of the brachial artery splits near the elbow and goes towards the pinky side of the forearm.
  38. Posterior Intercostal Arteries
    The arteries between the ribs that run along with the intercostal nerves
  39. Cavernous sinus of the brain
    Dural venous sinus in the brain that many veins, arteries, and nerves run through.  Near the center of the brain, about the spot of the optic chiasm
  40. superior sagittal sinus of the brain
    Dural venous sinus that runs along the top of the brain along the midline.
  41. Straight sinus of the brain
    The superior sagittal sinus of the brain turns into the straight sinus near the back and goes between the cerebrum and the cerebellum in towards the middle of the brain.
  42. Confluence of the Sinuses
    Feature of many sinuses, including superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus, and transverse sinus, meeting up at the posterior portion of the brain.
  43. Transverse Sinus of the brain
    A venous dural sinus that goes along the outside of the brain on the sides near the outside before turning into the sigmoid sinus
  44. Sigmoid Sinus of the brain
    An S-shaped dural venous fold on the inferior portion of the brain that that comes after the transverse sinus before turning into the internal jugular vein.
  45. Internal Carotid artery
    Branch of the common carotid artery going directly into the brain.
  46. External Carotid Artery
    The branch of the common carotid artery that supplies blood to the outside of the skull and branches off multiple times
  47. Facial Artery
    Branch of the external carotid artery that can be found around the mandible and is generally very squiggly and loose to allow for jaw movement
  48. Maxillary Artery
    Branch of the external carotid artery that dives deep and can be found under the mandible
  49. Superficial Temporal Artery
    Branch of the external carotid artery that is close to the surface of the skull near the temporal bone
  50. Cephalic Vein
    A vein in the arm that is superficial and on the lateral portion of the arm
  51. Basilic vein
    A vein in the arm that is superficial and on the medial portion of the arm. Think "B goes with body side"
  52. Median cubital vein
    This vein runs medial to lateral near the elbow and connects the cephalic and basilic veins
  53. Azygous vein
    This vein drains the thorax from right posterior intercostal veins.  This is found on the posterior aspect of the thorax running inferior to superior and is found close to the midline.
  54. Hemiazygous vein
    Vein that drains the thorax from the left posterior intercostal veins.  This is found on the posterior aspect of the thorax running up and down and is found to the left of the midline.
  55. Posterior Intercostal Veins
    Veins that drain into the azygous and hemiazygous veins and run transversely along the ribs.
  56. Internal Jugular Vein
    Large vein descending from the skull that the blood from the brain drains into just after it goes through the sigmoid sinus
  57. External Jugular Vein
    Blood from the face drains into this vein and down the neck. Generally smaller than the internal branch of this vein and attaches to the brachiocephalic veins more laterally
  58. Brachiocephalic veins
    Where the veins of the head and arms meet up before it turns into the superior vena cava to drain back into the heart. This vein has both a right and left one, unlike its corresponding artery.
  59. Filiform papillae
    The taste buds in the center of the tongue
  60. Fungiform papilae
    The taste buds near the edges of the tongue
  61. Vallate papilae
    Taste buds that are larger and rounder and form a "V" shape at the back portion of the tongue
  62. Lingual Tonsil
    Small glandular area at the back of the tongue
  63. Palatine Tonsils
    Glandular tissue on either lateral side of the pharynx
  64. Parotid Salivary Gland
    Large glandular tissue between the ear and the corner of the mouth
  65. Parotid Duct
    This duct comes from the salivary gland that has the same name, goes over the masseter muscle and dives into the buccinator before opening into the mouth.
  66. Submandibular Salivary Gland
    Glandular tissue that is under the chin and the facial artery dives under it
  67. Greater curvature of the stomach
    The longer length of curve on the stomach, on the left side of the stomach when in anatomical postion
  68. Cardia of the stomach
    the region of the stomach near the opening of the esophagus
  69. pylorus
    The region of the stomach near the sphincter that drains the stomach contents from the stomach into the duodenum
  70. pyloric sphincter
    The sphincter between the stomach and the duodenum of the small intenstine
  71. Duodenum
    The first section of the small intestine, relatively short and has a "c" shape to it
  72. Jejunum
    the second segment of the small intestine
  73. Ileum
    the last section of the small intestine before it turns into the large intestine.
  74. Ileocecal junction
    The place where the ileum of the small intestine and cecum of the large intestine meet
  75. Cecum
    First part of the colon that the small intestine drains into, also has the appendix attached
  76. hepatic flexure of the colon
    the curve between the ascending colon and the transverse colon on the right side of the body, near the liver
  77. splenic flexure
    the curve between the transverse colon and the descending colon on the left side of the body near the spleen.
  78. Sigmoid Colon
    The S-shaped segment of colon after the descending colon and before the rectum
  79. taenia coli
    Band of smooth muscle the runs the length of the colon that acts like an elastic band on a pair of sweatpants to keep the colon from stretching out
  80. Huastra
    Pouches in the colon formed in part by the bunching effect of the taenia coli
  81. Epiploic Appendages
    Short fatty projections off of the colon
  82. Pancreas
    Posterior to the duodenum and tends to look rough and mealy.
  83. spleen
    left side of the abdominal cavity near the stomach
  84. gallbladder
    located on the inferior portion of the liver
  85. Falciform Ligament of the liver
    Connective tissue that separates the left and right lobes of the liver
  86. Round Ligament of the Liver
    An extension of the falciform ligament of the liver that was used as a fetus, but is no longer relevant in an adult
  87. Right anatomical lobe of the liver
    Largest lobe of the liver
  88. Left lobe of the liver
    Smaller lobe of the liver, the more pointed side
  89. Visceral Peritoneum
    The lining that is directly covering the abdominal organs
  90. Parietal Peritoneum
    Layer of connective tissue that lines the abdominal cavity
  91. Mesentery
    The sheet of connective tissue that the small and large intestines are suspended from
  92. Greater Omentum
    An apron like connective tissue that hangs down in the abdominal cavity from the stomach
  93. Common hepatic duct
    The bile duct that leaves the liver
  94. Cystic duct
    The bile duct the comes from/goes to the gallbladder
  95. Common bile duct
    the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct combine to form this duct
  96. hepatopancreatic ampulla
    the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct join to create this structure
  97. hepatopancreatic papilla
    This small hole drains bile and pancreatic enzymes from the ampulla of the same name into the duodenum
  98. Celiac Trunk
    First unpaired vessel coming off of the abdominal aorta, short and branches quickly
  99. Left gastric artery
    One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes to the lesser curvature of the stomach
  100. Splenic artery
    One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes posterior to the stomach and connects to the spleen.
  101. Common Hepatic Artery
    One of the branches of the celiac trunk that goes towards the liver and branches quickly
  102. Hepatic Artery Proper
    Branch of the common hepatic artery that goes directly to the liver
  103. Gastroduodenal artery
    Branch of the common hepatic artery that goes towards the duodenum
  104. right gastroepiploic artery
    The continuation of the gastroduodenal artery after it dives posterior to the duodenum and comes back out to attach to the greater curvature of the stomach
  105. Superior Mesenteric Artery
    Second unpaired vessels on the abdominal aorta that supplies blood mostly to the small intestine and mesentery.
  106. Inferior Mesenteric Artery
    Most inferior unpaired vessel of the abdominal aorta that supplies blood mostly to the large intestine
  107. Renal arteries
    Paired arteries that go to the kidneys and come off of the abdominal aorta
  108. Gonadal Arteries (Ovarian/Testicular)
    Paired arteries that come off of the abdominal aorta and go to the reproductive organs, the may not come off of the aorta at exactly the same spot
  109. Lumbar arteries
    Small paired arteries coming off of the abdominal aorta that go along the posterior wall of the abdomen
  110. Hepatic veins
    Veins on the posterior aspect of the liver and can best be seen draining directly into the inferior vena cava
  111. renal veins
    The left is longer than the right due to orientation of the IVC, left gonadal vein attaches to this left vein
  112. Gonadal veins (testicular/ovarian)
    veins coming from the reproductive structures. the right side attaches directly to the IVC while the left vein attaches to the left renal vein
  113. Hepatic Portal Vein
    Vein that drains blood from the intestines into the liver.  Enter the liver in the same area as the hepatic artery proper and the hepatic bile duct
  114. Common iliac artery
    The split of the descending aorta near the hips
  115. Internal Iliac Artery
    The portion of the split aorta the dives into the pelvis and branches into the obturator artery, the superior gluteal artery, and the inferior gluteal artery
  116. External Iliac Artery
    The portion of the split aorta that goes outside of the pelvis and eventually into the leg
  117. Obturator artery
    An artery that splits off of the internal iliac artery and goes through the obturator canal in the anterior portion of the pelvis
  118. Inferior Gluteal artery
    A branch of the internal iliac artery that emerges on the posterior part of the pelvis from below the piriformis muscle
  119. Superior Gluteal Muscle
    A branch of the internal iliac artery that emerges on the posterior part of the pelvis from above the piriformis muscle
  120. Femoral Artery
    The external iliac artery turns into this artery in the thigh, it travels through the adductor canal and the adductor hiatus before popping out behind the knee as the popliteal artery
  121. Deep Femoral Artery
    A branch of the artery in the thigh that dives into the musculature
  122. Popliteal artery
    The artery behind the knee after the femoral artery emerges from the adductor hiatus before splitting into the anterior tibial artery, the posterior tibial artery, and the fibular artery
  123. Anterior Tibial Artery
    First thing to branch off of the popliteal artery.  It dives through the interosseus membrane to the front of the leg and continues towards ankle.
  124. Posterior Tibial Artery
    Branch of the popliteal artery that goes toward the big toe side of the leg and can be found by the medial malleolus
  125. Fibular Artery
    Branch of the popliteal artery the goes towards the pinky toe side of the leg
  126. Great Saphenous Vein
    Very superficial vein that runs the length of the entire leg
  127. Femoral vein
    The vein in the thigh
  128. External Iliac Vein
    The vein coming from the leg going to the pelvis.
  129. Internal Iliac Vein
    Vein coming from the inner part of the pelvis before connecting with the IVC
  130. Adductor Canal
    The tunnel of connective tissue that the femoral artery runs through
  131. Adductor Hiatus
    The break in the adductor magnus at the end of the adductor canal that allows the femoral artery to pop to the posterior side of the leg
  132. Obturator Canal
    Small space that nerves and the obturator artery travel through in the obturator foramen
  133. External Nares
    Nostrils, opening of the nasal cavity to the outside
  134. Internal nares
    The opening between the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx
  135. Nasal Conchae
    The nasal cavity contains three of these, the inferior is the largest, then the middle, and the superior
  136. Nasal Septum
    Connective tissue and bone that separates the halves of the nasal cavity
  137. Hard palate
    The floor of the nasal cavity and the roof of the mouth
  138. Soft palate
    The posterior portion of the hard palate
  139. uvula
    This hangs down from the soft palate and can be seen in the back of the throat "punching bag"
  140. Opening to the auditory canal
    This is a hole located in the nasopharynx
  141. nasopharynx
    the section of the throat posterior to the nasal cavity
  142. oropharynx
    the portion of the throat posterior to the oral cavity
  143. laryngeopharynx
    the portion of the throat posterior to the larynx
  144. Hyoid bone
    small bone that works with the larynx and does not articulate with any other bones
  145. thyroid cartilage
    Most superior cartilage of the larynx that has distinctive horns and a laryngeal prominence and does not continue completely around to the posterior side
  146. Laryngeal Prominence
    The point on the front, top portion of the thyroid cartilage on the midline
  147. Cricoid Cartilage
    Ring like cartilage of the larynx located inferior to the thyroid cartilage and completely encircles the larynx
  148. Cricothyroid ligament
    Small ligament that connects the thyroid cartilage to the cricoid cartilage
  149. Arytenoid cartilages
    Two small bits of cartilage on the posterior side of the larynx that the vocal ligaments and vestibular ligaments attach to
  150. Epiglottis
    A flap of cartilage in the larynx that folds down to cover the trachea when swallowing
  151. Ventricular Fold/False Vocal Fold
    The most superior of the folds of the larynx
  152. Vocal fold/ True Vocal Fold
    Inferior of the folds in the larynx
  153. rima glottidis
    The opening between the vocal folds of the larynx
  154. Tracheal Cartilages
    C shaped rings of cartilage that run the length of the trachea
  155. Primary Bronchus
    The First split of the trachea, one goes to each lung
  156. secondary bronchus
    the second split of the trachea, 3 for the right lung, 2 for the left lung
  157. apex of the lung
    the superior point of the lung
  158. base of the lung
    inferior portion of the lung
  159. Right Lung
    Has three lobes: the superior lob, the middle lobe, and the inferior lobe. There are two fissure: oblique fissure splits inferior lobe from middle and superior lobes, transverse fissure splits the superior lobe from the middle lobe
  160. Left Lung
    Has two lobes:  Superior Lobe and Inferior Lobe. Separated by one fissure, the Oblique fissure.
  161. Diaphragm
    Sheetlike muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and aids in respiration
  162. Hilus of the Lung
    Where things enter and exit the lung: Primary bronchus normally posterior, Pulmonary arteries normally superior, pulmonary veins normally inferior
  163. Scrotum
    Skin sac where male testes are held
  164. Spermatic cord
    The combination of vas deferens, testicular artery, testicular vein, and cremaster muscle that leaves the scrotum and enters the body.
  165. Cremaster muscle
    the muscle that is located in the scrotum
  166. Vas deferens
    The tube that connects the testes and epididymus in the scrotum to the seminal vesicle and eventually urethra within the body.
  167. Epididymis
    The wig like structures located on the testes
  168. Ampulla of the Vas Deferens
    Near where the vas deferens meets the siminal vesicle
  169. Testis
    the male gonad/ sex cell producer
  170. Seminal Vesicle
    Small projection near the end of the vas deferens by the prostate gland
  171. Prostatic Urethra
    portion of the male urine/sperm tube that travels through the prostate gland
  172. Spongy Urethra
    The longest portion of the male urethra that travels through the length of the penis and is surrounded by corpus spongiosum
  173. Membranous Urethra
    Very short portion of the urethra near the pubic symphysis that goes through a thin layer of muscle at the pelvic floor
  174. Corpus Cavernosum
    Erectile tissue on the superior portion of the penis, splits near body and goes laterally to form the right and left crus of the penis
  175. Crus of the penis/clitoris
    The lateral split of the corpus cavernosum
  176. Corpus Spongiosum
    Males: Surrounds the spongy urethra and is the inferior portion of the penis

    Females: erectile tissue on either side of the vestibule deep to the labia minora
  177. Rectovesical pouch
    In males, it is an indentation of the parietal peritoneum between the rectum and the bladder
  178. Bulb of the penis
    A spherical portion of the corpus spongiosum at the beginning of the penis still inside the body
  179. Labia Majora
    Large, external skin folds around the female vestibule
  180. Labia Minor
    Thin skin folds under the labia majora
  181. Prepuce in females
    "the clitoral hood", covering of the clitoris
  182. Fundus of the Uterus
    Superior portion of the uterus
  183. Cervix
    Entrance to the uterus
  184. Internal os
    The opening to the cervix from the uterus side
  185. External Os
    the opening to the cervix on the vaginal side
  186. Cervical canal
    the short space between the internal os and the external os
  187. Uterine tube/fallopian tube
    Tubes that run from the uterus to the ovaries
  188. Fimbriae
    Fingerlike projections at the end of the fallopian tubes directed towards the ovaries
  189. Ostium
    The opening of the fallopian tube into the uterus
  190. Ovary
    Female gonad/ sex cell releaser.  Suspended in the body to the sides of the uterus
  191. Suspensory Ligament of the Ovary
    Ligament that connects to the abdomen and the ovary to allow it to hang in place
  192. Broad ligament
    a large flat ligament that covers the uterus
  193. Ovarian Ligament
    the ligament that connects the ovary to the uterus
  194. Round ligament of the uterus
    Ligament that goes anterior from the broad ligament to connect to from of pelvis
  195. Clitoris
    The very tip of the corpus cavernosum in the female and the only erectile tissue accessible externally
  196. Bulb of the vestibule
    composed of corpus spongiosum and is deep to the labia minora and is on either side of the vestibule
  197. Rectouterine Pouch
    Indentation of parietal peritoneum between the rectum and the uterus
  198. vesicouterine pouch
    indentation of parietal peritoneum between the uterus and the bladder
  199. Pelvic diaphragm
    thin muscle at the bottom of the pelvis, the pelvic floor
  200. Ischiocavernosus muscle
    muscle that covers corpus cavernosum erectile tissue in both males and females
  201. bulbospongiosus muscle
    muscle that covers the corpus spongiosum in both males and females
  202. Renal Capsule
    The outer covering of the kidney
  203. Perirenal fat
    fatty covering of the kidney
  204. Renal Cortex
    The outermost portion of the interior of the kidney, generally lighter color
  205. Renal Columns
    The sections of lighter cells between the renal pyramids in the interior of the kidneys
  206. Renal Pyramids
    The darker colored portions on the inner part of the kidney that end in a point and connect to minor calyxes
  207. Ureter
    Tube leading from the kidney to the bladder
  208. Renal Papilla
    The point at the end of the renal pyramid that connects to a minor calyx
  209. Minor Calyx
    Smallest branch of urine tubes that drain urine from the kidneys
  210. Major Calyx
    Large branch of urine tube that is composed of many smaller branches and will converge to leave the kidney as the ureter
  211. Renal Pelvis
    the portion of the urine tube that leaves the kidney and turns into the ureter
  212. Hilus of the Kidney/ Renal Hilus
    The region of the kidney where veins, arteries, and urine enters and leaves.
  213. Orifices of the ureter
    the opening of the ureter into the posterior, inferior portion of the bladder
  214. Internal Urethra Orifice
    The opening to leave to bladder
  215. Internal Urethral sphincter
    The involuntary muscle that control the opening to the bladder
  216. Trigone
    The smooth, triangular space between the orifices of the ureter and the internal urethral orifice in the bladder
  217. External Urethral Sphincter
    Voluntary muscle around the membranous urethra
  218. External urethral orifice
    The opening of the urethra to the outside world
  219. Pituitary Gland
    Hangs from the infandibulum in the sella turcica in the skull and connects to the hypothalamus
  220. Infandibulum
    The stalk between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland
  221. Adrenal Gland
    Small glandular tissue on the superior portion of the kidneys
  222. Thyroid gland
    Glandular tissue on the anterior portion of the larynx, butterfly shaped
  223. Isthmus of the Thyroid gland
    the narrowing between the right and left lobes of the thyroid gland
  224. Parathyroid glands
    four small dots of glandular tissue, located on the posterior side of the thyroid gland, two dots on each lobe.
  225. Thymus gland
    Slightly superior and anterior to the heart, mostly shrunken in adults

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