micro drugs post-midterm

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micro drugs post-midterm
2014-05-20 08:33:14

post-midterm micro drugs
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  1. Clindamycin
    • treatment for staphylococcus aureus infection
    • treat uncomplicated skin infection, along with incision and drainage
    • Community acquired MRSA - susceptible to clindamycin! (but they have PVL toxin--> lyses neutrophils and release of enzyme)
  2. Vancomycin
    • treatment for Staphylococcus aureus with sever infection or more resistant strains 
    • need IV or IM with vancomycin
  3. Trimethoprim and Fluoroquinolones
    • Treatment for Ecoli - EPEC 
    • watery diarrhea
  4. Nystatin (surface) and myconazole (systemic)
    • antifungal treatment for Eumycetoma infection 
    • Madura foot!
  5. oral potassium iodide (in milk)
    • treatment for Sporotrichosis 
    • sporothrix schenckii 
    • rose garden pricks infection 
    • fungus
  6. nystatin or clotrimazole
    treatment for skin infection by candida albicans
  7. Amphotericin B, clotrimazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole
    • antifungal 
    • treatment for trichosporon Beligelli infection 
    • exo-shaft, hair infection 
    • apply on surface
  8. Gentamycin, Tobramycin, Amikacin  (what anaerobe is resistant to this?)
    USEFUL against anaerobes
  9. Clidamycin  (what anaerobe is resistant to this?)
    60% of bacteroides spp are sensitive
  10. Metronidazole?  (what anaerobe is resistant to this?)
    all bacteroides spp.
  11. Chloramphenicol (what anaerobe is resistant to this?)
    Bacteroides Fragillus
  12. vancomycin and metronidazole
    • treatment for C. diff colitis 
    • if cessation of antibiotics don't help or if a patient has to be on antibiotics ie. post-operation, you can take these (gold standard) to inhibit C.diff infection
  13. Doxycyclin
    treatment for staphylococcus aureus infection treat uncomplicated skin infection, along with incision and drainage