HDEV 402 Weeks 11-12

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  1. The typical American adolescent:
    Listens to music ____ hours/day
    Watched TV ____ hours/day
    ___% go to a movie at least once a month
    ___% of girls read popular magazines
    ___% have access to computers
    ___% have access to Internet
    • Listens to music 4 hours/day
    • Watched TV 2 hours/day
    • 50% go to a movie at least once a month
    • 70% of girls read popular magazines
    • 75% have access to computers
    • 50% have access to Internet
  2. Displacement Effect
    Media's impact on adolescents by taking time away from other activities
  3. Theories of Media Influence
    • Cultivation Theory
    • Social Learning Theory
  4. Cultivation Theory
    Watching TV gradually shapes or cultivates a person's worldview so it becomes like the worldview frequently depicted on TV
  5. Social Learning Theory
    People are more likely to imitate behavior they see frequently modeled [in the media] and that behavior is rewarded (or at least not punished)
  6. Sexual Portrayals on TV: Males vs. Females
    • Males
    • Preoccupied with sex
    • Always "ready and willing"
    • Recreational attitude toward sex

    • Females
    • Value men mainly for physical appearance, wealth and statues
    • Recreational attitude toward sex
  7. Sexual Portrayals on TV: Research
    • 82% of programs had sexual content
    • Sexual behavior more frequent than sexual talk
    • Sexual behavior between partners with established relationships (not married)
    • Kisses and hugs; Intercourse or nudity infrequent
    • Discussion of sexual risk RARELY took place
  8. Music TV: Basics
    • MTV started in USA 1981 - now broadcast worldwide representing a force in globalization
    • American adolescents watch MTV approximately 15-30 minutes a day
    • About 15% of videos contain violence ()usually mild vs. severe violence)
    • About 75% contain sexual themes (implied vs. explicit)
  9. Music TV: 2 Categories
    • Performance Videos: just like a concert conveying the song
    • Concept Videos: tell a story, like a mini-movie that enacts the lyrics of the song
  10. Big Tobacco & Advertising
    • Cigarettes are the 2nd most heavily promoted consumer product in the USA, totaling $6 billion  per year
    • 90% of smokers start by age 18
    • Ads resent images of fun, independence, and "coolness"
    • According to research the effects of advertising on brand choice was 3 ties as strong for adolescents as adults
  11. Internet Benefits
    • Access to information - potential to enhance education
    • Can be source of positive social interactions - opportunities to practice communication and engage in "identity play," and finding and answering problems they may be facing
  12. Internet Cautions
    • Chat rooms sometimes frequented by sexual predators seeking to victimize children and adolescents
    • Academic cheating via downloading or purchasing pre-written papers
    • Promote social isolation (displacement effect)
  13. Why western media appeals to adolescents:
    • Rapid, social, and economic change in developing countries in the past 50 years (youth have grown up with Western media)
    • Adolescents are more capable than younger children of exploring the environment outside the family 
    • Adolescence is a time of identity formation - anticipating changes in their social world due to globalization and look outside the family for information
  14. Self Understanding
    The individual's cognitive representation of the self, the substance and content of one's self-conceptions
  15. Dimensions of Self-Understanding
    • Abstraction and Idealism
    • Differentiation/Fluctuating
    • Contradictions
    • Real vs. Ideal/True vs. False
    • Social comparison/Self-Consciousness
    • Self-Protection
    • Unconscious Self
    • Self-Integration
  16. Self-Esteem
    Global Dimension
  17. Self-concept
  18. How are Self-Esteem and Self-Concept measured?
    Harter's Self-Perception Profile
  19. Does Self-Esteem change during adolescence?
    Fluctuation across the lifespan
  20. Are some domains more salient than others?
    Physical appearance
  21. 4 Main Ways to Improve Self-Esteem
    • Identifying the causes of low self-esteem and which domains of competence are important to the self
    • Emotional support and social approval
    • Achievement
    • Coping
  22. Erikson: Identity
    • Identity vs. Identity Confusion
    • Personality and Role Experimentation
    • Some Contemporary Thoughts
  23. Family Influences on Developmental Changes
    • Individuality: Consists of (1) self-assertion, ability to have and communicate a point of view; and (2) separateness, expressing how one is different from others
    • Connectedness: Consists of (1) mutuality, sensitivity to and respect for others' views; and (2)permeability, opened to others' views
  24. Intimacy
    • Erikson's 6th stage
    • Intimacy vs. Isolation

    • Orlofsky's 5 Styles
    • Intiate
    • Preintimate
    • Stereotyped
    • Pseudointimate
    • Isolated
  25. Loneliness
    • Emotional Isolation - in a crowd of people but still feel lonely
    • Social Isolation - choose not to be around people
  26. Encouraging children to learn math
    • Children should and can learn math with understanding
    • Allow children to do the math in their own way
    • If you're child is having trouble, encourage him or her to get some paper and pencil to draw or write something that might help
    • Children may also benefit from having counter (such as pennies or small blocks) that they can use to act out the problem
  27. Methods to help children learn math
    • Do best to resist temptation
    • Children are typically proud of their solution strategies
    • This pride is very empowering and encourages them to take risks when trying new strategies
    • Having an adult show you a better strategy can diminish a child's pride in her or his strategy
  28. Teaching Strategy
    • Direct Modeling is a powerful strategy that provide a foundation for the more advanced strategies that follow
    • If you cannot model a problem, you cannot solve the problem
    • When your child struggles with a math problem, avoid referring to the operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division).
    • Kids who are struggling should be reminded to think about what is happening in the story and find a way to show it
Card Set:
HDEV 402 Weeks 11-12
2014-04-16 23:11:55
Self Identity Math Concepts

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