Sociology: Chap 9
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patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole
the nations with the highest overall standards of living
nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
nations with a low standard of living, in which most people are poor
the process by which some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nations
a new form of global power relationships that involves not direct political control but economic exploitation by multinational corporations
a large business that operates in many countries
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
what are some charatcterics of high-come countries?
- contain 23% of the world's people
- receive 75% of global income
- have a high standard of living based on advanced technology
- produce enough economic goods to enable their people to lead comfortable lives
- include 72 nations
- highly industrialized
what are some characteristics of middle-income countries?
- contain 61% of the world's people
- receive 23% of global income
- have average standard of living
- include 70 nations
- earn on average $2500-$10000
what are some characteristics of low-income countries?
- contain 17% of world's people
- receive 1% of global income
- low standard of living
- include 53 nations
- agrarian societies
- little industry
how many people worldwide are at risk of poor nutrition?
how many people die a year from poverty related diseases?
how many men, women and children live in slavery like conditions?
how many child laborers?
what factors cause poverty?
- lack of technology
- high birth rates
- traditional cultural patterns
- extreme social inequality
- extreme gender inequality
what are Wait Rostow's four stages of development?
- traditional stage- families and communities
- take-off stage-produce goods for profit
- drive to technological maturity- economic growth/higher social standing for women
- high mass consumption- people need countless goods
what are Immanuel's Wallerstein's model of the capitalist world economy identified three categorizes of nations?
- core- high income countries, multinational corporations
- semi periphery- middle income
- periphery- low-income; provide low-cost labor to high income countries
What would you like to do?
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