Sociology: Chap 9
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Sociology: Chap 9
patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole
the nations with the highest overall standards of living
nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
nations with a low standard of living, in which most people are poor
the process by which some nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of other nations
a new form of global power relationships that involves not direct political control but economic exploitation by multinational corporations
a large business that operates in many countries
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations
a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones
what are some charatcterics of high-come countries?
contain 23% of the world's people
receive 75% of global income
have a high standard of living based on advanced technology
produce enough economic goods to enable their people to lead comfortable lives
include 72 nations
what are some characteristics of middle-income countries?
contain 61% of the world's people
receive 23% of global income
have average standard of living
include 70 nations
earn on average $2500-$10000
what are some characteristics of low-income countries?
contain 17% of world's people
receive 1% of global income
low standard of living
include 53 nations
how many people worldwide are at risk of poor
how many people die a year from poverty related diseases?
how many men, women and children live in slavery like conditions?
how many child laborers?
what factors cause poverty?
lack of technology
high birth rates
traditional cultural patterns
extreme social inequality
extreme gender inequality
four stages of development?
- families and communities
-produce goods for profit
drive to technological maturity
- economic growth/higher social standing for women
high mass consumption
- people need countless goods
what are Immanuel's Wallerstein's model of the capitalist world economy identified three categorizes of nations?
- high income countries, multinational corporations
- middle income
- low-income; provide low-cost labor to high income countries