Chapter 37 APUSH

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anmott
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270849
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Chapter 37 APUSH
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2014-04-16 20:58:39
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Eisenhower
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  1. IBM
    Creates first computer.
  2. Boeing
    Aerospace Industries
  3. 1950's TV
    The 1950s was about conformatism and the wonderful new television made its way into most homes. Elvis and his new style of music, called rock and roll, was also introduced during the 1950.
  4. Pink Collar Workers
    Refers to women in clerical work industries.
  5. Diner's Club
    First credit card.
  6. Disneyland
    First appears in 1955
  7. Elvis Pressley
    United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977).
  8. Televangalist
    A term used to describe ministers like Billy Graham, who would spread their messages via television networks.
  9. McDonalds
    First drive through fast food restaurant - began in 1948.
  10. Rock-N-Roll
    music that grew out of rhythm and blues and that became popular in the 1950s.
  11. Mairlyn Monroe
    Female icon of the 1950s and 60s, she could sing, dance, act, and was the most infamous Playboy Bunny.
  12. President Dwight D. Eisenhower
    1952-1960 The US president who followed Truman. After election he immediately signed an armistice and ended the Korean War. He was the army general who led D-Day.
  13. Emmitt Till
    Murdered in 1955 for whistling at a white woman by her husband and his friends. They kidnapped him and brutally killed him. his death led to the American Civil Rights movement.
  14. Jackie Robinson
    The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.
  15. Thurgood Marshall
    American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor.
  16. Rosa Parks
    December 1955,This woman refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Her arrest sparked a yearlong black boycott of the city busses and served notice throughout the South that blacks would no longer submit meekly to the absurdities and indignities of segregation.
  17. Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Protest in 1955-1956 by African Americans against racial segregation in bus system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  18. MLK Jr
    An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, he earned a Ph.D. at Boston University. The leader of the Civil Rights Movement and President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, he was assassinated outside his hotel room.
  19. Brown v Board of Education
    Found "seperate but equal" (Plessy v Ferguson) illegal.
  20. Massive Resistance
    A term refering to the South's unwillingness to intergrate. Only 2% actually intergrate in the Deep South.
  21. Little Rock Nine
    Nine african american students who first integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957.
  22. Civil Rights Act 1957
    Set up a permanent Civil Rights Commission to investigate violations of civil rights and authorized federal injunctions to protect voting rights.
  23. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    Southern Christian Leadership Conference, founded by MLK, which taught that civil rights could be achieved through nonviolent protests.
  24. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
    Student-created & led civil right organization that worked for desegregation through sit-ins, freedom rides, & civil disobedience.
  25. House of UnAmerican Activies
    an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security".When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee.
  26. Brinkmanship
    The act of pushing a situation to the verge of war in order to threaten and encourage one's opponent to back down.
  27. Marshall Plan for Latin America
    Give $500 million to the area, but many Latin Americans felt the aid was to little to late.
  28. National Defense and Education Act
    Authorized $887 million in loans to needy college students and in grants for the improvement of teaching sciences and languages so we could keep up with Russia's technology.
  29. 22nd Amendement
    Presidents are limited to a maximum of two elected terms, and only one if they succeeded an elected President and served for more than two years of that elected President's term. (This Amendment was a reaction to FDR's four elected terms, which broke the age-old tradition set by George Washington. George Washington set a two-term precedent, but it was only a tradition until this Amendment mad it the law of the land.) (1951).
  30. Landrum Griffin Act
    1959 - Act that protects the rights of union members from corrupt or discriminatory labor unions; also known as Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (LMRDA).
  31. Space Race
    Between US & USSR.Soviet satellite first launched into Earth orbit on October 4, 1957, this scientific achievement marked the first time human beings had put a man-made object into orbit and pushed the USSR noticeably ahead of the United States in the Space Race
  32. New States
    Hawaiia and Alaska
  33. Integration
    Eisenhower was one of the first presidents to tackle the issue of integration in the United States.
  34. Alger Hiss
    A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
  35. McCarran Security Act
    vetoed by Truman, authorized the president to arrest and detain suspicious people during an "internal security emergency.
  36. Rosenburgs
    convicted in 1951 of giving atomic bomb data found by American scientists to the Soviet Union; only Americans ever executed during peacetime for espionage
  37. McCarthy
    United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists. Lead the nation wide search for communist in America.
  38. McCarthyism
    The use of lies and slander to attack and discredit the Democratic party.
  39. Korea
    Divided by the 38th parallel
  40. Only UN Victory in Korea
    Inchon
  41. Ho Chi Minh
    Attempted to get Woodrow Wilson to help the Vietnamese
  42. Dienbienphu
    In March 1954, the French became trapped and the US did not intervene.
  43. 17th parallel
    Vietnam was split between a communist north and a pro-Western south. Dienbienphu marks the start of American involvement in Vietnam. We send troops to help France.
  44. US takes Iran
    In 1953, to protect oil supplies in the Middle East, the CIA engineered a coup in Iran that installe dthe youthful shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, as the ruler of Iran.
  45. Suez Crisis
    After the US would not help President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt get needed money to build a dam in the upper Nile, the dam was nationalized. France and Britian invaded and controlled Egypt fo a while.
  46. OPEC
    Formed in 1960 by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran and Venezuela to controloil prices in the West. (Organziation of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
  47. U2 Spy Plane
    The incident when an American U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union. The U.S. denied the true purpose of the plane at first, but was forced to when the U.S.S.R. produced the living pilot and the largely intact plane to validate their claim of being spied on aerially. The incident worsened East-West relations during the Cold War and was a great embarrassment for the United States.
  48. Cuba
    Cuba becomes communist. In 1959, Castro overthrows US supported Batista. And in 1961, America broke diplomatic relations with Cuba.
  49. Dulles and Containment
    Eisenhower's Sec. of State; harsh anti-Communist; called for more radical measures to roll back communism where it had already spread (containment too cautious).
  50. Strategic Air Command
    1954 - Proposed by secretary of state John Foster Dulle , An airfleet of bombers armed with nuclear bombs. This would allow President Eisenhower to threaten countries such as the Soviet Union and China with nuclear weapons.
  51. Massive Retalliation
    Massive retaliation, also known as a massive response or massive deterrence, is a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack.
  52. Union Membership
    Peaks at 35% and then will steadily decline throughout the 1950's.
  53. Betty Friedan
    Feminist author of "The Feminie Mystique" in 1960. Her book sparked a new consciousness among suburban women and helped launch the second-wave feminist movement.
  54. The Feminie Mystique
    1963 - Betty Friedan depicted how difficult a woman's life is because she doesn't think about herself, only her family. It said that middle-class society stifled women and didn't let them use their talents. Attacked the "cult of domesticity."
  55. John Kenneth Galbraith
    Author of "The Affluence Society." This book talked about the abduance of wealth of America not being used in the right way.
  56. 1952 Election
    Eisenhower v Adlai Stevenson
  57. Aldali Stevenson
    The Democratic candidate who ran against Eisenhower in 1952. His intellectual speeches earned him and his supporters the term "eggheads". Lost to Eisenhower.
  58. Richard Nixon
    President of the United States from 1969-1974, he rose to national prominence as a "communist hutner" and member of HUAC in the 1950s. He was vice president under Eisenhower from 1953-1961 and defended American capitalism in the 1959 Kitchen Debate with Khrushchev. He ran unsuccessfully for president against JFK in 1960 but was elected in 1968, resigning amid the Watergate scandal in 1974.
  59. Checkers Speech
    Nationally televised address by vice-presidential candidate Richard Nixon. Using the new mass medium of telvision shortly before the 1952 election, the vice presidental candidate saved his place on the ticked by defending himself against accusations of corruption by speaking about his daughters desire for a dog since she was so lonley.
  60. 38th Parallel
    Divides Korea into North and South.
  61. Panmujom Treaty
    Ceased fighting in the Korean war.
  62. Plessy v Ferguson
    Declared seperate but equal legal.
  63. Declaration of Constitutional Principles
    Orgaiations in the South that fight against desegreation.
  64. White Citizens Council
    Stopped & protested intergration.
  65. Greensboro, North Carolina
    At segregated Woolworth's counter in Greensboro, NC, February of 1960 black college students staged a sit-in to protest the segregation in public places. 8: 1941-1960
  66. Dynamic Conservatism
    Eisenhower's philosophy of being liberal in all things human and being conservative with all things fiscal. Appealed to both Republicans and Democrats. Reduced the government by 183,000 balanced budget for 3 years.
  67. Indians
    Eisenhower wanted to force the assimilation of Indian tribes.
  68. Interstate Highway Act
    Interstate highway act 1956 Eisenhower 20 yr plan to build 41,000 mi of highway, largest public works project in history. These highways did much to change the economic and social structure of America. They helped businesses and families move from downtowns to suburbs, from Main Street to Wal-Mart.
  69. John Foster Dulles
    Favored "liberation" and condemned "containment"
  70. Strategic Air Command
    Built super bombers and arsenals.
  71. Ho Chi Minh
    Leader of Communist Vietnam
  72. Warsaw Pact
    In 1955, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact of some Russian States like Poland, Romania. They did this to try to counter the North American Treaty Organization formed by the US, England, and France.
  73. Russia and Cuba
    Khrushchev threatened to launch missiles at the US if it attacked Cuba.
  74. Nikita Khrushchev
    Premier of the Soviet Union from 1958-1964, he was a communist party offical who emerge from the power struggle after Stalin's death in 1953 to lead the USSR. He crushed a pro-Western uprising of Hngary in 1956, and, in 1958, issued an ultimatum for Western evacuation of Berline. Defended Soviet-style economic planning in the Kitchen Debate with Richard Nixon in 1959 and attempted to send missiles to Cuba in 1962 but backed down when comfronted by JFK
  75. Intercontinental Ballastic Missile Threat
    Soviets develop technology to fire missiles at the US from space.
  76. Explorer 1
    First US Satillite

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