BIO 100 - Chapter 17 Cell Reproduction & Differentiation

Card Set Information

Author:
tt23
ID:
270863
Filename:
BIO 100 - Chapter 17 Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Updated:
2014-04-16 23:39:48
Tags:
Exam4
Folders:

Description:
Definitions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user tt23 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The replication of DNA occurs during the ________ phase of interphase.
    S (synthesis)
  2. Initiation of translation begins with a tRNA binding to a ________ on mRNA.
    start codon
  3. ________ is the process of by which the DNA code of a single gene is converted into a complimentary strand of mRNA.
    Transcription
  4. Following replication of chromosomes, sister chromatids are held together by a ________.
    centromere
  5. Prior to cell division the DNA is uncondensed and string-like and is called ________.
    chromatin
  6. Short segments of DNA that contain codes for the structure of one or more proteins are ________.
    genes
  7. Alterations in DNA, called ________, create differences between individuals and populations.
    mutations
  8. The beginning of each gene in DNA is marked by the presence of a unique base sequence called the ________.
    promoter
  9. The primary transcript that results from transcription must be modified before it can be translated; nucleotide sequences that actually form the mRNA and contain the genetic information are ________.
    exons
  10. Anticodons are located on ________.
    tRNA
  11. The ________disappears during prophase.
    nuclear envelope
  12. Meiosis in females is not complete until ________ occurs.
    fertilization
  13. A ________ forms during cytokinesis as contractile filaments in the cell tighten.
    cleavage furrow
  14. The ________ checkpoint checks to make sure the DNA was replicated correctly and that the cell is large enough.
    G
  15. ________ is the process by which a cell becomes different from its parent or sister cell.
    Differentiation

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview