Unit 5: Protection Review

Card Set Information

Author:
lawrencem
ID:
270894
Filename:
Unit 5: Protection Review
Updated:
2014-04-17 12:44:12
Tags:
unit protection pltw hbs project lead way human body systems review lawrencem
Folders:

Description:
flashcards for reviewing Unit 5: Protection in Project Lead the Way - Human Body Systems course
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lawrencem on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. main function of the skin- first line of defense against pathogens
    protection
  2. function of the skin that alerts the body of danger through pain, feels texture, touch, temperature, pressure, etc.
    sensation
  3. function of the skin that allows for sweating, dilating and constricting blood vessels and "goosebumps"
    temperature regulation
  4. layer of the skin made of stratified squamous epithelium
    epidermis
  5. layer of the skin composed of hair follicles, errector pilli muscles, sweat and sebaceous glands, blood vessels, nerves, collagen and elastin fibers and loose connective tissue
    dermis
  6. layer of the skin composed of adipose connective tissue
    hypodermis / subcutaneous
  7. exocrine glands in the dermis of the skin that help regulate temperature
    sweat gland
  8. exocrine glands in the dermis that secrete oil into hair follicles for lubrication and waterproofing the skin and hair
    sebaceous glands
  9. the proteins in skin that can be damaged by UVA radiation from the sun
    elastin
  10. the protein that is produced in the skin in response to UVB radiation from the sun and also protects from radiation
    Melanin
  11. type of burn characterized by red/pink skin, only damages the epidermis and comprimises the skin's ability to regulate temperature
    1st degree burn
  12. type of burn characterized by redness and blisters, effects the epidermis and part of the dermis.
    2nd degree burn
  13. type of burn characterized by redness, blisters and charred skin, effects the epidermis and dermis, comprimises the skin's ability to sense pain and usually required skin grafting.
    3rd degree burn
  14. type of burn that is characterized by redness, blistering, charred skin and damage to underlying tissues including fat, muscle, bones and other organs, required extensive surgery
    4th degree burn
  15. natural pain killer in the human body, a hormone that blocks the protein receptors on neurons from feeling pain
    endorphins
  16. rare genetic condition in which people are not able to feel pain
    CIPA (Congenital Insensitivity to Pain with Anhidrosis)
  17. which bones protects the brain?
    skull (cranial) bones
  18. which bones protect the heart and lungs?
    sternum, ribs, scapula
  19. part of the bone that stores fat
    yellow bone marrow
  20. part of the bone that makes blood cells and is the site for maturation of B lymphocytes
    red bone marrow
  21. type of bone tissue on the outside of bones that allows for strength and is made of osteons that include osteocytes, haversian canals and canaliuli
    compact bone
  22. type of bone tissue on the inside of bone that allows for flexibility and weight reduction and are composed of marrow and trabeculae
    spongy bone
  23. the skinny middle part of a long bone, "shaft"
    diaphysis
  24. bulbus ends of a long bone
    epiphysis
  25. bone type that includes the bones of the arms, legs, phalanges and clavicle
    long bone
  26. type of bone that includes the capals and tarsals
    short bone
  27. type of bone that includes the cranial bones, pelvic girdle, sternum, ribs and scapula
    flat bones
  28. type of bone that includes the vertebrae, facial bones and patella
    irregular
  29. lining on the outside of bones
    periosteum
  30. type of fracture in which there are small pieces
    comminuted
  31. type of fracture in which a fragment is pushed down on a flat bone
    depression
  32. type of fracture in which bones are pushed together
    compression
  33. type of fracture in which the break is at a right angle (perpendicular) to the bone
    transverse
  34. type of fracture in which the break is at a diagonal to the bone
    oblique
  35. type of fracture caused by twisting force on a bone
    spiral
  36. type of fracture that is incomplete, the bone is bent or partially broken
    greenstick
  37. a bone fracture that breaks through the skin
    open
  38. a bone is moved from the joint
    dislocation
  39. a bone fracture that does not puncture the skin
    closed
  40. mature bone cells
    osteocytes
  41. bone builders, eventually become osteocytes
    osteoblasts
  42. bone crushers
    osteoclasts
  43. endocrine gland that releases calcitonin when blood calcium levels are too high and stimulates bone calcium storage
    thyroid gland
  44. endocrine glands that release a hormone that causes osteoclasts to break down bone and release calcium into the blood
    parathyriod glands
  45. first step in bone healing, in which blood rushes to the area
    hematoma
  46. second step in bone healing in which fibroblasts cells fill in the gap in the bone
    cartilagenous (soft) callus
  47. third step of bone healing in which osteoblasts take the place of the cartilage at the fracture site
    boney (hard) callus formation
  48. final step of bone healing in which osteoclasts and osteoblasts remove and lay bone where needed to return the bone to its original shape
    remodeling
  49. another name for white blood cells
    leukocytes
  50. special type of white blood cells that are responsible for immune response and can mature in the bone marrow (B) or thymus (T)
    lymphocytes
  51. fluid that circulates near the circulatory system and returns fluid leaked out of tissues
    lymph
  52. rounded masses of lymph tissue scattered throughout the body and concentrated in the axillary (armpit), throat and groin areas.
    lymph nodes
  53. organ near the stomach that is responsible for filtering lymph
    spleen
  54. endocrine gland that releases thymosin and is the site of T lymphocyte maturation
    thymus
  55. marker proteins on the surface of pathogens foreign cells that trigger an immune response, in blood can be A, B or Rh
    antigen
  56. Y shaped proteins that are made by plasma B lymphocytes and attach to antigens on foreign cells, in blood cells they can be anti-A, anti-B or anti-Rh
    antibodies
  57. What antigens and antibodies does someone with type O  blood have?
    • antigen - none
    • antibodies - A and B
  58. What antigens and antibodies does someone with type A  blood have?
    • antigen - A
    • antibody - B
  59. What antigens and antibodies does someone with type B  blood have?
    • antigen - B
    • antibody - A
  60. What antigens and antibodies does someone with type + blood have?
    • antigen - Rh
    • antibody - none
  61. What antigens and antibodies does someone with type - blood have?
    • antigen - none
    • antibody - Rh
  62. what happens if you give a person with O- blood a transfusion of AB+ blood?
    agglutination
  63. What type of blood is the universal recipient?
    AB+
  64. What type of blood is the universal donor?
    O-
  65. type of immunity against a particular antigen/pathogen done by the T and B lymphocytes.
    specific immunity
  66. type of white blood cell that mature in the bone marrow and are responsible for making antibodies
    B lymphocytes
  67. type of white blood cell that mature in the thymus and are responsible for phagocytosis
    t lymphocytes

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview