Art Appreciation

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Art Appreciation
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2010-07-26 19:22:53
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  1. Giovanni Arnolfini and His bride
    Jan Van Eyck
  2. The Merode Altarpiece
    Robert Campin
  3. Alberti
    Italian Renaissance
  4. ___________ is a French word meaning “rebirth.”
    Renaissance
  5. The Early Renaissance artist is considered the “Father of the Early Modern Period” because of his introduction of naturalism into his art.
    Giotto
  6. Dürer’s Adam and Eve conveys his admiration for the _______ style.
    classical
    1. The _________________ was characterized by a renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman art and design and included an emphasis on human beings, their environment, science, and philosophy.
    Renaissance
  7. The Early Italian Renaissance took root and flourished most successfully in the city of _______.
    Florence
    1. True or False: One of the main social beliefs of the Renaissance is the ability to separate intellectual inquiry from matters of faith--the ability to be a good Christian and also study the pagan classics.
    True
  8. Brunelleschi was one of the pioneers in the development of a system to create the illusion
    of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, a system called linear _______.
    perspective
  9. Leonardo’s Madonna of the Rocks portrays a Mary who is __________.
    "human" and "real"
  10. The School of Athens
    Raphael
  11. During the latter years of the fifteenth century in Italy, a painter who used the model
    Simonetta Vespucci for his Venus is ______.
    Botticelli
  12. Dissatisfaction with the leadership and policies of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Protestant Reformation. In response, the Catholic Church initiated the ___________.
    Counter-Reformation
  13. ___________ was a style that rejected the calm balance and contained art of the High Renaissance
    in favor of emotion and distortion.
    Mannerism
  14. Peter Paul Rubens
    Flanders
  15. Diego Velázquez
    Spain
  16. Gianlorenzo Bernini
    Italy
  17. Rembrandt
    Holland
  18. Spans roughly the years from 1600 to 1750
    Baroque
  19. ___________ is the element that is probably the unifying theme of the formal changes in the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque.
    Space
  20. T or F: Among the general characteristics of Baroque art are a sense of movement, energy, and tension (whether real or implied).
    True
  21. ________ spirituality is often present in works of baroque art; in the Roman Catholic countries, for example, scenes of ecstasies, martyrdoms, or miraculous apparitions are not common.
    Restraint
  22. _________'s David is a perfect example of Baroque style: which combines space, a sense of movement, energy, tension and theatrical spirituality.
    Bernini
  23. The artist __________’s unidealized figures and naturalistic treatment of subject matter influenced many later artists throughout Europe, and changed the manner painting was executed.
    Carvaggio
  24. Italian Baroque artist who acquired a lengthy police record for such things as attacking a man with a sword, carrying weapons without a permit, and breaking windows was ________
    Caravaggio
  25. Among the foremost painters of the Italian Baroque was Artemisia _________, the daughter of a successful
    Roman artist.
    Gentileschi
  26. Peter Paul ___________, a much sought-after painter, was also an ambassador and diplomat.
    Rubens
  27. The Spanish Baroque artist Diego __________ is considered the
    “painters’ painter”
    Velasquez
  28. The principal exponent of the Classical style in French Baroque painting was _______.
    Poussin
  29. When considering modernity and modern art the key component to this movement began as a direct outgrowth and reflection of the ___________.
    Industrial Revolution
  30. David
    Neoclassicism
  31. The painting The Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis_____________________ depicts the Neoclassical elements of heroism, idealism,rationality, truth, reason, and logic.
    David
  32. The Neoclassical Period is also thought of as the Age of _____________.
    Enlightenment
  33. The return to the classical style of the Neoclassical period wasbased upon the excavations of ___________________ which began in 1748.
    Pompeii and Herculaneum
  34. Romanticism believed in the notion that ______________, and theyalso valued sincere feeling and honest emotions.
    Feeling is All
  35. Delacroix
    Romanticism
  36. Eugène Delacroix’s painting __________________________________, probably best exemplifies the common notion of romantic art.
    Death of Sardanapalus
  37. The invention of __________________ shortly before themid-century was a significant milestone, as it altered the public perceptionsof “reality.”
    Photography
  38. The painting The Artist's Studio by Gustave________________________ epitomizes the style of realism.
    Courbet
  39. The first woman artist to receive the Légion d’Honneur (1865)
    Rosa Bonheur
  40. Monet
    Impressionism
  41. Seurat
    Post Impressionism
  42. Gogh
    Post Impressionism
  43. Cassatt
    American
  44. Cézanne
    French
  45. T or F: Modern artists wanted to depict the modern world and modernpeople of their day.
    True
  46. Edouard __________________________ borrowed the composition for his painting Luncheon on the Grass from Raimondi’s engraving The Judgment of Paris.
    Manet
  47. James McNeill Whistler’s portrait painting of his mother is titled _________________________________.
    Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Artist's Mother
  48. The term Impressionism was derived from Claude_______________________’s painting Impression: Sunrise.
    Monet
  49. ________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centurystyle of art characterized by the attempt to capture the fleeting effects of light by means of painting in short strokes of pure color.
    Impressionism
  50. ________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centuryart style that relies on the gains made by Impressionists in terms of the useof color and spontaneous brushwork, but which uses these elements as expressivedevices.
    Post-Impressionism
  51. ____________________________ is a modern school of art in whichan emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration,and violent, hallucinatory imagery.
    Expressionism
  52. Vincent Van Gogh’spainting Starry Night is an excellent example of ______________________.
    Post-Impressionism
  53. The Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
    B
  54. The author of "Concerning the Spiritual in Art" was _________________________. "
    Kandisky
  55. "Wild Beasts" A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
    A
  56. What set the ________________________ apart from their nineteenth-century predecessors was their use of harsh, non-descriptive unnatural color, bold liner patterning, and a distorted form of perspective.
    Fauves
  57. The Bridge Group (Die Brücke) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
    B
  58. Strong influence of African, Oceanic, and Iberian art A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
    C
  59. ________________________ is a group of artists that wanted to break up the image into geometric elements, and to have multiple viewpoints with no perspective, in other words to deconstruct objects.
    Cubism
  60. Picasso’s Les Demoiselle’s d’Avignon is an excellent example of _________________.
    Cubism
  61. When Braque and Picasso began pasting bits of printed matter or other things in their Cubist paintings, they called the process papier collé, what we now call ________________.
    collage
  62. Duchamp A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
    B
  63. ______________________ can be thought of in terms of a diverse level of creativity formed from movement, energy, destruction and mass confusion, which also used anarchist and fascist tendencies. A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
    D
  64. The painting The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
    C
  65. The ready-made A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
    B
  66. Intense interest in the reality of the dream state A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
    C
  67. The __________________________ Show brought Modern Art to the American public.
    Armory
  68. One of Picasso's most powerful works of protest is a painting he did in 1937 to broadcast to the world the brutality of the German bombing of the Basque town of _________________________.
    Guernica
  69. One of the 1st modern artists to achieve total abstraction in sculpture was A. Duchamp B. Brancusi C. Kandinsky
    B
  70. Post World War II European artists could NOT move away from death: burning, disfigured, and decaying flesh—as seen in _____________’s Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef. However American artists turned inward and reflected an inner world—in other words the extension of the artist—how the artist feels—as seen in Jackson Pollock’s One (Number 31, 1950) 1950.
    Francis Bacon
  71. Walked across canvases dripping and splashing paint A. Gorky B. Hofmann C. Pollock D. De Kooning E. Krasner
    C. Pollock
  72. 3. ___________’s painting One (Number 31, 1950) is an example of Abstract Expressionism, which is also termed action painting.
    Jackson Pollocks
  73. ________________________ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract imagery, and fields of intense color. A. Spontaneous Combustion B. Abstract Expressionism C. Intense Colorism
    B.
  74. Color Field Painting can be considered as depicting the __________ of color
    essence
  75. Mark _____________’s Blue, Orange, Red is an example of Color Field Painting. A. Rothko B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol
    A. Rothko
  76. To combat a trend of male-dominated art shows in major museums and galleries, appeared in public in masks as "conscience of the art world" and mounted huge posters of protest. A. Kruger B. Mendieta C. Snyder D. Guerrilla Girls
    D. Guerilla Girls
  77. British, one of the originators of Pop art. A. Neel B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol
    Hamilton
  78. __________ introduced a kind of construction referred to as combine painting in which stuffed animals, bottles, articles of clothing and furniture, and scraps of photographs are attached to the canvas.
    Robert Rauschenberg
  79. Pop Art can also be coined as the art that embodies A. The Enlightenment B. Consumer culture C. Expressionists D. Guerrilla Girls
    B.
  80. An excellent example of Pop Art is Andy ________’s Green Coca-Cola Bottles.
    Warhol
  81. Modernist art emphasizes the accord and autonomous aspect of an artist and a work of art, whereas __________________ art emphasizes the fusion of the work of art and its intricate interconnectedness to its milieu. A. Neo-Expressionist B. Post-Modernist C. Post-Fusionist
    B.
  82. T or F: Pluralism in the arts is the inclusion of not just a white, male master, rather exploring and embracing women artists, artists of color, non-western art, and folk art.
    True
  83. As we consider works of art in the 21st century, we will add to our critical rubric concepts such as: a. hybridity. b. all of these choices. c. high art and low culture. d. appropriation. e. post-colonialism.
    B. All choices
  84. An artist whose work embraces the concept of hybridity includes: a. Vik Muniz. b. Takashi Murakami. c. Jeff Koons. d. Hew Locke.
    B. takashi murakami
  85. _________, like Andy Warhol, questions the separation of high art and low culture in his manipulation of ordinary, familiar (and cheaply produced) objects, as seen in his work Elephant.
    Jeff Koons
  86. ________'s diamond-encrusted skull fits with the artist's penchant for anatomy and sensation.a. Alexandre Arrechea b. Miguel Luciano c. Enrique Chagoya d. Jean Desert e. Damien Hirst
    Damien Hirst
  87. Sarah Lucas' The Fag Show was inspired by the artist's conquest of her addiction to: a. all of these choices. b. alcohol. c. drugs and alcohol. d. drugs. e. tobacco.
    e. tobacco
  88. In recent years, Anselm Kiefer has turned his attention to monumental sculptures, such as: a. Camouflage Church. b. Still from Passage. c. For the Love of God. d. Sonnenschiff. e. Self-Pieta.
    D.
  89. Shirin Neshat’s film Passage was commissioned by the world composer ________. a. Subodh Gupta b. Zaha Hadid c. Emily Jacir d. Philip Glass e. Adi Nes
    D.
  90. Among the 21st century women architects to become infamous includes:a. Shirin Neshat. b. Emily Jacir. c. Zaha Hadid. d. Sarah Lucas. e. Prajakta Palav Aher.
    C
  91. As an African American woman artist, __________ has experienced much of her life in terms of black and white, and produces much of her art in this dichotomous palette, such as her work Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On), which recounts some grisly events taken from the history of slavery in the United States.
    Kara Walker
  92. T or F: Artists throughout the world today, are more than ever, influenced by their knowledge of what is happening in the political world at large, and by their awareness of the art world all around them—past and present.
    True

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