HEALS: Oncology & Pathology

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RadiationTherapy
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271053
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HEALS: Oncology & Pathology
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2014-05-03 22:36:52
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HEALS
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HEALS
Description:
HEALS: Chapters 15, 16, 18-22
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  1. Enhancement of cell killing effects through the use of oxygen requires a cellular oxygen level of at least ________.
    A. 3.0%
    B. 33%
    C. 15%
    A. 3.0%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. TRUE or FALSE: Sarcomas originate from mesenchymal tissue.
    True
  3. The least radiosensitive area of the GI tract is the:
    A. esophagus
    B. jejunum
    C. colon
    D. stomach
    C. Colon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. At doses above 6000 cGy, the normal breast will undergo changes causing the formation of additional:
    A. necrotic tissue
    B. fibrotic tissue
    C. adipose tissue
    B. fibrotic tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The symptoms of acute radiation enteritis will typically appear at doses exceeding:
    A. 3000 cGy
    B. 6000 cGy
    C. 9000 cGy
    D. 7500 cGy
    A. 3000 cGy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The approximate tumor dose of Hodgkin's disease is about:
    A. 9000 cGy
    B. 4000 cGy
    C. 6000 cGy
    D. 7500 cGy
    B. 4000 cGy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. During irradiation of the thorax, the tissue with the greatest susceptibility to radiation damage is the:
    A. pleura
    B. lung parenchyma
    C. bronchial linings
    D. pulmonary vessels
    B. lung parenchyma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Vaginal cancers occur most commonly in the:
    A. lower posterior wall
    B. upper posterior wall
    C. lower lateral wall
    D. lower anterior wall
    B. upper posterior wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The reduction of normal pituitary function due to irradiation may result in:
    1. hypothyroidism 2. hypopituitarism 3. hyperadrenalism
    A. 1 & 3
    B. 1, 2 & 3
    C. 2 & 3
    D. 1 & 2
    D. Hypothyroidism & Hypopituitarism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The Babinski and Hoffmann sign usually indicates a brain tumor occurring in the:
    A. occipital region
    B. parietal region
    C. frontal region
    D. temporal region
    A. occipital region
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A patient with Hodgkin's disease that has positive lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm would be classified as being in stage:
    A. II
    B. I
    C. III
    D. IV
    C. III
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The perineal & inguinal nodes are most commonly involved in the metastatic spread for:
    A. stomach ca
    B. kidney ca
    C. pancreatic ca
    D. anal ca
    D. anal cancer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The most important lymph nodes involved with the spread of malignancies of the nasopharynx are the:
    A. mediastinal
    B. inguinal
    C. axillary
    D. cervical
    D. cervical
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Breast, thyroid and kidney cancers are frequently associated with metastasis to the:
    A. brain
    B. GI tract
    C. lung
    D. liver
    C. Lung
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. A tumor of the upper esophagus will most often spread into the lymph nodes of the:
    A. mediastinum
    B. axillary region
    C. para-aortic region
    d. all of the above
    A. mediastinum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The most common primary tumor of the osseous system is:
    A. osteosarcoma
    B. osteoma
    C. osteogenic carcinoma
    D. wilm's tumor
    A. osteosarcoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The most common malignancy in the head & neck region are carcinomas of the:
    A. nasopharynx
    B. hard palate
    C. tongue
    D. larynx
    D. Larynx
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The majority of lung tumors arise from the:
    A. blood vessels
    B. lymphatics
    C. bronchi
    D. pleura
    C. bronchi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A common site for metastatic spread from the liver is the:
    1. stomach 2. lung 3. brain
    A. 2 & 3
    B. 1, 2 & 3
    C. 1 & 2
    D. 1 & 3
    A. Lung & Brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is a form of a malignant non-osseous tumor most likely found in children?
    A. broca's tumor
    B. fletcher's sarcoma
    C. wilm's tumor
    D. ewing's sarcoma
    D. Ewing's sarcoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The most common type of cancer arising from the epithelium of the GI tract is:
    A. squamous cell
    B. glioma
    C. adenocarcinoma
    A. squamous cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which type of leukemia is seen with nearly the same frequency in all decades of life?
    A. AML
    B. CML
    C. CLL
    D. ALL
    A. AML
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The most common primary brain tumor in children is:
    A. medulloblastoma
    B. craniopharyngioma
    C. glioma
    D. astrocytoma
    A. medulloblastoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The presence of the Reed-Sternberg cell is essential for the diagnosis of:
    A. prostate ca
    B. leukemia
    C. Hodgkin's lymphoma
    D. breast ca
    C. hodgkin's lymphoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. In a stage IV Hodgkin's disease the symbols H+, O+ and L+ indicate involvement of the:
    • Liver (H)
    • Bone (O)
    • Lung (L)
  26. The most common method of spread for cervical ca is:
    A. hematogenic
    B. seeding
    C. lymphatic
    C. lymphatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The most common intracranial malignancy is:
    A. medulloblastoma
    B. seminoma
    C. meningioma
    D. teratoma
    C. meningioma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Metastases to the liver are most commonly seen in cancers affecting the:
    A. soft tissues
    B. osseous system
    C. GI tract
    D. GU tract
    C. GI tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A large percentage of bone metastases result from tumors which originate in the:
    1. lung 2. breast 3. prostate
    A. 1 only
    B. 2 only
    C. 3 only
    D. 1, 2 & 3
    D. Lung, Breast & Prostate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The metastatic spread of osteosarcomas most often relates to:
    A. lymphatics
    B. blood vessels
    C. seeding
    D. direct extension
    B. blood vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. TRUE or FALSE: The radiation treatment given to an area of lytic metastatic disease will serve to reduce pain in the bone.
    True
  32. The control of pain in terminal patients may require an analgesic solution of drugs called:
    A. Reye's 
    B. Bromptom's
    C. THC
    D. Duke's 
    B. Bromptom's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. During a Hodgkin's disease treatment, a platelet count of about ________ or less will require an interruption of treatment.
    A. 100,000
    B. 150,000
    C. 50,000
    C. 50,000
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Formation of intercellular edema is characteristic of:
    A. dry desquamation
    B. epilation
    C. moist desquamation
    D. erythema
    C. moist desquamation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The principle difference in the modified radical and radical mastectomy is the extent of the __________ removal.
    A. breast
    B. lymph node
    C. muscle
    d. all of the above
    C. muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The most common viral syndrome in immunosuppressed cancer patients is:
    A. influenza
    B. rubella
    C. herpes zoster
    D. varicella
    A. influenza
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. A patient with metastatic bone disease has become lethargic & confused. A physical exam shows no abnormalities. A probable cause could be:
    A. hypercalcemia
    B. high blood sugar
    C. respiratory acidosis
    A. hyper calcemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. All of the following areas are associated with metastasis to the bone except:
    A. breast
    B. prostate
    C. colon
    D. lung
    C. Colon ca generally does not mets to bone until very late in the game
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The sphenoid sinus is located anteroir and inferior to what other structure?
    A. styloid process
    B. greater wing
    C. optic foramen
    D. sella turcica
    D. sella turcica
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The surface landmark associated with the anterior nasal spine at the junction of the upper lip and the nose is called the:
    a. glabella
    b. acanthion
    c. gonion
    • b. acanthion
  41. The majority of the compactum is supplied by blood vessels originating in the ________ cavity.
    Medullary
  42. Kyphosis commonly affects the _________ spine of elderly patients.
    A. lumbar
    B. cervical
    C. thoracic
    C. thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The most anterior portion of a normal vertebrae is the:
    A. spinous process
    B. body
    C. arch
    D. pedicle
    B. body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The lacrimal canal is a bony groove through the lacrimal bone that serves to connect the:
    A. nasal & orbital cavities
    B. auditory cavities
    C. oral & nasal cavities
    A. Nasal & orbital cavities
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The ________ (male or female) pelvis is characterized by a larger pelvic outlet, wider transverse diameter & larger pubic arch.
    Female
  46. Chronic rheumatoid arthritis ofetn damages the joint membranes & may lead to an abnormal joint stiffening called:
    A. osteonecrosis
    B. achondroplasia
    C. ankylosis
    C. ankylosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Reticulum, elastin & the ground substance are the 3 primary components of:
    A. collagen
    B. osteocytes
    C. cartilage
    A. collagen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The sternal or manubrial notch is often employed for the localization of:
    A. T-10
    B. C-5
    C. T-2
    D. C-7
    C. T-2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The junction of the two innominate bones at the anteroinferior margin is termed the:
    A. sacroiliac joint
    B. symphysis pubis
    C. acetabulum
    B. symphysis pubis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Because of the livers function to filter hematogenous tumor cells, about ______% of cancer patients will develop liver metastasis.
    A. 25%
    B. 10%
    C. 50%
    C. 50%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The largest portion of the intestinal tract is supplied with arterial blood by way of the:
    A. superior mesenteric artery 
    B. inferior mesenteric artery
    C. celiac trunk
    D. hepatic artery
    A. superior mesenteric artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The principle lymphatics of the cecum & ascending colon are the:
    A. ileocolic nodes
    B. superior mesenteric nodes
    C. duodenal nodes
    D. inferior mesenteric nodes
    A. ileocolic nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which of the following structures is most likely associated with lymphatic drainage into the perineal & inguinal nodes:
    A. pylorus
    B. cecum
    C. anus
    C. anus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which of the following GI structures is not located within the peritoneum?
    A. stomach
    B. splenic flexure
    C. duodenum
    D. jejunum
    C. duodenum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The junction of the transverse & descending colon takes place at the ________ flexure.
    a. splenic
    b. hepatic
    a. splenic
  56. The vast majority of the lymph drainage of the stomach passes into the:
    A. superior mesenteric nodes
    B. celiac nodes
    C. periaortic nodes
    B. celiac nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The white blood cells of the lymphatic system enter the systemic circulation at the:
    A. cisterna magna
    B. subclavian veins
    C. cisterna chyli
    B. subclavian veins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. The gallbladder normally found by its attachment to the ventral surface of the:
    a. right lobe of the liver
    b. left lobe of the liver
    a. right lobe of the liver
  59. The head of the pancreas will normally be located in the:
    A. lesser curvature of the stomach
    B. sweep of the duodenum
    C. splenic flexure
    B. sweep of the duodenum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. The most extensive drainage from the oro and nasopharynx is by way of the:
    a. jugulodigastric
    b. retropharyngeal
    b. retropharyngeal
  61. The lymphatic drainage of the paranasal sinuses & nasal fossae are most often directed into the:
    A. axillary nodes
    B. deep cervical
    C. cisterna chyli
    B. deep cervical nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. The tail of the pancreas is attched to what abdominal structure?
    A. spleen
    B. liver
    C. duodenum
    D. kidney
    A. spleen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. The ascending & transverse colon join at the _________ flexure:
    a. hepatic
    b. splenic
    a. hepatic
  64. The principle lymphatic nodes associated with the drainage of the gallbladder are the:
    1. periportal 2. duodenal 3. inguinal
    A. 1 & 3
    B. 1 & 2
    C. 2 & 3
    D. 1, 2 & 3
    B. Periportal & Duodenal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. The digestive tract organ most responsible for the absorption of water is the:
    A. duodenum
    B. stomach
    C. large intestine
    C. large intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. The jugulodigastric and submandibular nodes are the principle lymph nodes associated with the drainage of the:
    A. nasopharynx
    B. oral cavity
    C. salivary glands
    D. larynx
    B. oral cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Which segment of the esophagus will normally have lymphatic drainage into the paratracheal nodes?
    A. middle
    B. distal
    C. upper
    C. Upper portion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. The longest segment of the human intestinal tract is the:
    A. jejunum
    B. esophagus
    C. cecum
    D. ileum
    D. Ileum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. The white pulp of the spleen is most closely related to the:
    A. immune process
    B. filtration of the blood
    C. production of blood cells
    A. immune process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. The haustra are the folds that give the _________ its characteristic appearance.
    A. small intestine
    B. colon
    C. stomach
    B. Colon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. The portal vein that brings venous blood to the liver is derived from circulation of all of the following EXCEPT:
    A. kidney
    B. stomach
    C. pancreas
    D. spleen
    A. kidney
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. All of the following are synthesized in the liver EXCEPT:
    A. ketone bodies
    B. phospholipid acid
    C. cholesterol
    D. lactic acid
    D. lactic acid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. The most common site of embolization in the respiratory tract is (are):
    A. coronary arteries
    B. inferior vena cava
    C. pulmonary arteries
    D. proximal aorta
    C. pulmonary arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Most of the lymphatic drainage from the testes & ovaries terminates in the ________ nodes.
    A. inguinal
    B. superior mesenteric
    C. phrenic
    D. lumbar  (preaortic)
    D. lumbar (preaortic) nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. In a normal adult's urinary system, the ureters will attach to the urinary bladder at its:
    a. anterior lateral surface
    b. posterior lateral surface
    b. posterior lateral surface
  76. The majority of malignancies of the kidneys will metastasize to the:
    A. liver & spleen
    B. pancreas
    C. brain & stomach
    D. bone & lung
    A. Liver & Spleen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. The drainage of the superficial inguinal and internal iliac nodes are associated with the:
    A. rectum & anus
    B. pylorus & duodenum
    C. ileocecal valve
    D. kidney & ureter
    A. rectum & anus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. The region on an antigen that appears to elicit an immune response is called the:
    A. epitope
    B. caption
    C. codon
    A. epitope
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. The lymph drainage of the thyroid gland is primarily through the:
    A. mediastinal nodes
    B. jugular nodes
    C. digastric nodes
    B. jugular nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland that results in a persistent:
    a. hyperthyroidism
    b. hypothyroidism
    a. hyperthyroidism
  81. Hyperthyroidism that is the result of excessive thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is often associated with ______ tumors.
    a. pituitary
    b. testicular
    a. pitutary
  82. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is an autoimmune thyroiditis called:
    A. Plummer's disease
    B. Hashimoto's disease
    C. Perthe's disease
    B. Hashimoto's disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. The most common malignancy of the kidney is:
    A. renal cell carcinoma
    B. nephro sarcoma
    C. renal metastasis
    D. renal blastoma
    C. renal metastasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. A large portion of memory and motor functions of the cerebral hemisphere are located in the:
    A. frontal lobes
    B. parietal lobes
    C. temporal lobes
    D. occipital lobes
    A. frontal lobes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. The temporal lobe of the cerebrum is normally related to the:
    A. sensory function & orientation of the body in space
    B. visual function of the body
    C. hearing, learning & memory recall
    C. hearing, learning & memory recall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. The coordination of fine muscular movement of the extremities is primarily accomplished by the:
    A. limbic system
    B. diencephalon
    C. cerebrum
    D. cerebellum
    D. cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. The main control of the autonomic nervous system & the physiological function is accomplished in the:
    A. medulla oblongata 
    B. brainstem & hypothalamus
    C. cerebellum
    D. limbic system
    B. brainstem & hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. Though the brain constitutes only about 3% of the body weight, it requires about ____% of the total oxygen consumption of the body.
    A. 20%
    B. 40%
    C. 5%
    D. 10%
    A. 20%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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