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Which Psychologist primarily used moral comparisons?
How are moral comparisons given?
- Participants are given 2 short stories
- In one, the intention is good but a large amount of damage is done
- In the other, the intention is bad but little damage is done
How can moral comparisons be criticised due to cognitive demand?
- The task of remembering the details of the two stories places too great a demand on the memory of some children
- This means that P's give answers based on incomplete recollection of the details of the stories
How might demand characteristics affect comparisons?
- Children are particularly inclined to try to please the experimenter
- They are likely to give responses that they feel the situation demands, even when they are unsure or do not understand
How can moral comparisons be criticised based on intention?
- Intention is only implied meaning some children might not recognise it
- Nelson made intentions clear in his study and found that even 3 year olds were capable of taking intention into account
How can moral comparisons be criticised based on the number of variables in play?
So many variables such as levels of damage done and intention are involved it is impossible to say which variable is influencing the child's decision