20

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
271255
Filename:
20
Updated:
2014-04-20 18:49:57
Tags:
20 susansugardaddy
Folders:

Description:
20
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Homo floresiensis ?
    • 18K yrs BP
    • Flores island
    • Cerebral rubicon RIP
    • Tool technology
    • Low predation
    • Caloric reduction
  2. What happened to Homo erectus?
    • Hypotheses:
    • Went extinct without issue
    • Gave rise to modern H. sapiens (multiregionalism)
    • Gave rise to modern H. sapiens (single origin)
    • Common ancestor to modern humans, Neanderthals
    • Only gave rise to Neanderthals
    • Gave rise to Archaic Homo sapiens
  3. Archaic Homo sapiens or Homo heidelbergensis ?
    • Middle Pleistocene (700,000 200,000 yrs BP)
    • Taxonomic muddle: How many species?
    • Clearly distinct from Homo erectus
    • Clearly distinct from modern Homo sapiens
    • Lacking Neanderthal specializations
  4. Homo heidelbergensis ?
    • Named 1907
    • Primitive jaw
    • Small (derived) molars
    • 500,000 years old
  5. Mauer Jaw (W. Germany) ?
    • Homo heidelbergensis
    • Arago 21
    • (France) 450 Ka
    • Kabwe
    • (Zambia) 125 300 Ka
    • Petralona
    • (Greece)
    • 150 350 Ka
    • Bodo
    • (Ethiopia) 600 Ka
  6. True or false: Classification as Archaic Homo sapiens makes no assumptions about number of species?
    True
  7. Homo heidelbergensis Defined Relative to Asian Homo erectus?
    • forehead and rounded back of skull
    • skull broadest higher up
    • thinner skull bones, reduced musculature
    • mandible and face reduced, smaller molars
    • anywhere in the Old World is OK
    • outside 800,000 200,000 years ago probably something else
  8. H. heidelbergensis Culture?
    • Hunting large game
    • Lithics - bridge gap b/w Upper & Lower Paleolithic
    • No associated art found
  9. Homo antecessor to H. heidelbergensis?
    • Ma - Atapuerca, Spain
    • Reduced teeth & jaws relative to H. erectus
    • 800,000 BP - Atapuerca, Spain
    • Canine fossa
  10. Canine Fossa?
    • indentation in the maxilla above the root of the canine
    • associated with modern people, rare in H. heidelbergensis
  11. The Genus Homo Lumpers ?
    • H. habilis
    • H. rudolfensis
    • H. ergaster
    • H. erectus
    • H. floresiensis
    • H. antecessor
    • H. heidelbergensis
    • H. neanderthalensis
    • H. sapiens
    • H. habilis
    • H. erectus
    • H. sapiens
  12. Homo neanderthalensis?
    • 200 - 30 Ka
    • robust skeleton
    • cold-adapted
    • Europe and Near East
    • significant temporal and regional variation Mousterian tool industry
  13. La Chapelle-aux-Saints ?
    • Correze, France
    • Excavated 1908-1911
    • 50 Ka
    • Old man of La Chapelle
  14. Marcellin Boule (1861-1942) ?
    Homo neanderthalensis = dead end inferior to Homo sapiens
  15. Neanderthal Craniofacial Anatomy ?
    • Large, arching browridges
    • Big nose
    • Puffy midface
    • No chin
    • Retromolar gap
  16. Neanderthal Craniofacial Anatomy ?
    • Large Cranial Capacity
    • Low forehead
    • Occipital bun
    • Projecting midface
  17. Neanderthal Postcranial Anatomy ?
    • Clavicle
    • Ribcage
    • Jointsize
    • Pubis
    • Distal limbs
    • Teshik-Tash
  18. Latest Neanderthal and earliest Homo sapiens sites in Europe?
    • 60 kya
    • 60 kya
    • 110 kya
    • 25 kya
  19. Neanderthal Culture ?
    • Cultural adaptations to cold
    • Ritual (cave bear cult)?
    • Burial artifacts (?)
    • Care for the vulnerable
    • Interpersonal violence (?)
  20. Mousterian Industry ?
    • Advanced Levallois technique
    • core trimmed around edges to produce disk shape
    • large flakes shaped into specialized tools
    • Chatelperronian tools from Laussel, France
    • Association with neanderthal remains
    • similarities to Upper Paleolithic
    • Hybrid boy
    • Abrigo do Lagar Velho, Portugal 25-24 kya
  21. Neanderthals last stand?
    Zafarraya, S. Spain Mousterian assemblages ~27 kya
  22. DNA from Neanderthals?
    • Differences in sequence from modern human samples
    • Common ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans = 365-853 kyr
  23. Scaled divergence (Green et al. 2010) ?
    • ALL non-Africans have 2-5% Neanderthal DNA This could mean
    • non-Africans + Neanderthals a clade (!) 2. Neanderthal gene flow into non-Africans
    • Introgression from 37,000 86,000 years ago
  24. Most Melanesian people carry _____DNA?
    Denisovan

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview