EX: 17, Quiz 4

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  1. olfactory bulb (I)
    sense of smell (able to smell)
  2. optic nerve (II)
    visual sensations (able to see)
  3. oculomotor nerve (III)
    voluntary eye/ autonomic motor (eye up/down)
  4. trochlear nerve (IV)
    voluntary motor (move eye sideways and down)
  5. trigeminal nerve (V)
    sensory of face (clench teeth, move jaw)
  6. abducens nerve (VI)
    motor to move eye laterally (side to side)
  7. facial nerve (VII)
    motor - facial expression
  8. vestibulocochlear nerve (VIII)
    sensory hearing/balance
  9. glossopharyngeal nerve (XI)
    motor pharynx (able to swallow/BP)
  10. vagus nerve (X)
    motor to pharynx/larynx (able to swallow/DT)
  11. spinal root of accessory nerve (XI)
    motor to sternocleidomastoid
  12. hypoglossal nerve (XII)
    motor to tongue muscle (protrude tongue)
  13. cerebellum
    coordinate voluntary muscle movements and aid in learning and coordination of other brain functions
  14. primary motor area
    control conscious voluntary movement on the the opposite side of the body
  15. primary somatosensory area
    receive discriminatory sensory information from thalamus on sense of touch, pain, pressure, temperature, taste and proprioception from the opposite side of the body
  16. somatosensory association area
    receive the "raw" sensory information from primary and relate it to other sensory information and to memory and enable recognition of the somatosensory sensation
  17. Wernicki's area
    sound out language (both written and verbral)
  18. primary visual area
    receive ascending information from the thalamus on the color, shape, and contrast
  19. visual association area
    interpret the visual information from primary
  20. auditory association area
    receive information from primary areas and interpret sound
  21. primary auditory area
    receive ascending information form thalamus on tone, pitch, and loudness
  22. gustatory area
    control sense of taste
  23. premotor area
    control learned, conscious motor movements (ex: dancing, typing, etc)
  24. frontal eye area
    control conscious eye movements
  25. broca's area
    associated with planning the motor aspects of speech production
  26. prefrontal area
    control cognition, personality, production from abstract ideas, and judgment and reasoning
  27. medulla
    control autonomic functions, relay nerve signals between the brain and spinal cord, and control coordination of body movements
  28. spinal cord
    send signals to and from the brain
  29. pons
    control arousal and autonomic functions, and relay sensory information between the sleep
  30. pyramids of medulla
    control motor movements
  31. mammillary bodies
    involved with the sense of smell and memory
  32. cerebral peduncles
    permits communication between the cerebellum and the other parts of the central nervous system
  33. infundibulum
    involved in the release of hormones produced in the pituitary gland
  34. cerebral aqueduct
    convey CSF through midbrain
  35. pineal body
    secrete the hormone melatonin and help regulate the sleep-wake cycle
  36. choroid plexus
    produce CSF and form the blood-CSF barrier
  37. thalamus
    filter, edit, and modify ascending information including emotion, coordination of motor and memory
  38. corpus callosum
    communicate between brain hemispheres, control eye movement, maintain the balance of arousal and attention, and control tactile localization
  39. optic chiasm
    relay electrical signals to pass from the optic nerve to the brain
  40. fornix
    connect the hippocampusĀ to the hypothalamus
  41. arbor vitae
    bring sensory and motor information to and from the cerebellum
  42. superior colliculus
    coordinate head and eye movements when we visually follow a moving object
  43. inferior colliculus
    relay the auditory from the hearing receptors of the ear to the sensory cortex and act in reflexive responses to sound
  44. hypothalamus
    control negative feedback centers for body temperature, food intake, water balance/thirst, and sleep wake cycles and endocrine control, emotional responses, and autonomic nervous system
  45. basal nuclei
    roles in starting and stopping voluntary movements, cognition, memory/ learning
Card Set
EX: 17, Quiz 4
Biology 103A
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